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World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe: "Of all human diseases, 60% originate in animals – “One Health” is the only way to keep antibiotics working" - November 12, 2018 - Monday, November 12, 2018

World Health Organization

Regional Office for Europe


Of all human diseases, 60% originate in animals – “One Health” is the only way to keep antibiotics working

SEE complete information at:,-60-originate-in-animals-one-health-is-the-only-way-to-keep-antibiotics-working

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November 12, 2018

SEE: Video statement by Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Mary of Denmark for World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) 2018

Antibiotic resistance is a growing threat to global health. As a result of infection with drug-resistant bacteria an estimated 700 000 people die each year worldwide. A total of around 33 000 die annually in the European Union and European Economic Area, and this number is increasing all the time.

Many of the same microbes (e.g. bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) affect both animals and humans via the environment they share and 60% of all human diseases originate in animals. This means that when microbes develop drug resistance in animals, they can easily go on to affect humans, making it difficult to treat diseases and infections.

“Human, animal and environment health are all equally responsible for the correct use of antimicrobials and to avert the threat of antimicrobial resistance,” said Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. “As we strive to ensure that antibiotics are rightly used in the community and in health-care settings, one sector alone will not solve the problem. A ‘One Health’ approach brings together professionals in human, animal, food and environment health as one force, and as such is the only way to keep antibiotics working. I call on all European countries to secure the highest commitment to this approach from the whole of society and the whole of government.”

“With 33 000 deaths each year as a consequence of an infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics and €1 billion in annual health-care expenditure, we need to ensure that antibiotics are used prudently and that infection prevention measures are in place in all settings across Europe,” stated Andrea Ammon, Director of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). She added, “Since the rates of antibiotic resistance and the rates of antibiotic consumption as well as infection prevention practices vary from country to country, it is essential to tailor strategies to address specific needs. ECDC calls for continued action at all levels”.

This year, the WHO European Region will mark the 4th annual World Antibiotic Awareness Week on 12–18 November, by committing to closer collaboration across sectors to protect human, animal and environment health, in the spirit of One Health.

One voice for One Health

For World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2018, WHO/Europe is joining forces with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Sub-Regional Representation for Central Asia to urge governments to adopt or strengthen their use of the One Health approach.

The situation is urgent for a number of reasons:

  • Antimicrobials are widely used in livestock production, sometimes to promote growth and sometimes to prevent infection, rather than treating the animal. This overuse of antimicrobials can lead to more drug resistance among microbes.

  • The same classes of antimicrobials are often used in both humans and food-producing animals.

  • The food chain is an important route for transmission of disease and requires close monitoring and coordination to prevent its spread.

    All this indicates that no single sector has the capacity to solve the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance alone, but collective action can help the world make progress. The One Health approach means coordinating action across sectors – such as public health, veterinary and environment health – to achieve the best possible health outcomes for all species. It means recognizing that resistant microbes know no borders – they can easily cross from humans to animals and spread from one geographic location to another.

    One effective way of protecting human health is by reducing the chances of resistance developing among microbes in animals. Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances. Countries that have not already done so are urged to take steps to ensure that the drugs on the reserved lists of essential antibiotics, those which are of the greatest importance to human and veterinary health, are used only when absolutely necessary. This helps prevent antimicrobial resistance from forming and keeps antibiotics working, for humans and animals alike.

    Statement – World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2018: There is only One Health!

    Statement from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Sub-Regional Representation for Central Asia, and the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe

    Antimicrobial resistance in the European Region

    Antimicrobial resistance globally

World Antibiotic Awareness Week

Resilient Solutions for Growing Populations - a One Health Approach - Thursday, November 08, 2018

Resilient Solutions for Growing Populations–a One Health Approach


By Michael Lairmore, On November 5, 2018, In Dean's Perspectives

“The power of community to create health is far greater than any physician, clinic or hospital.” –Mark Hyman

The recently completed 5th Annual One Health Symposium, focused on “Resilient Solutions for Growing Populations,” was a vivid example of how our community comes together to focus on the health of animals, people, and the environment. The symposium brought together veterinarians (faculty, alumni, and invited speakers), veterinary and medical students, staff, as well as physicians, public health officials, and other scientists promoting diverse networking opportunities and transdisciplinary approaches to one health.

Dr. Laura Kahn [co-founder One Health Initiative team/website], a world-renowned physician and research scholar, framed the issues of the day and honored – with her lecture – legendary former faculty member, Dr. Calvin Schwabe. Dr. Kahn highlighted the global challenges in food production in the 21st century, including policy and social issues that serve as barriers to progress. Her talk served to demonstrate the sobering facts of planetary concerns such as climate change, and outlined what will be needed to find solutions for the future.

Dean Michael Lairmore with Dr. Laura Kahn (center) and Dr. Jonna Mazet.

The symposium featured key topics including antimicrobial resistance (AMR), a global challenge in multiple healthcare and veterinary settings. Expert panels brought perspectives from a diverse range of issues related to AMR in context to global women’s health, illustrating the interconnectedness of this issue and the need for evidence-based solutions to the problem.

Environmental sustainability in health professions provided an opportunity to examine how local efforts align with broader frameworks, including the United Nations sustainability goals. Environmental laws, policies, and initiatives in California were reviewed and demonstrated the unique leadership position of our state in seeking environmentally conscious goals in policy decisions and actions.

The final panel session focused on emerging infectious diseases in the developing world. Participants discussed the common factors that cause spillover events that allow pathogens to spread from natural ecosystems to infections of animals, including people. Provocative questions about our ability to control the next pandemic were raised and discussed. A common theme arose for the need for communities to use One Health approaches to understand the relationship between infectious agents and their natural environment.

As I sat listening throughout the day, I reflected upon my early career story and how without fully realizing it, I was being drawn into the world of One Health. In graduate school, while attending a lab meeting in 1983, my advisor brought to us an image of a virus faxed from the National Institutes of Health. The virus in the image had a unique shape that, as graduate students, we knew was from a unique branch of retrovirus called lentiviruses. The image looked exactly like the sheep viruses studied in the lab. But the virus was not isolated from a sheep, it was isolated from a patient dying of a strange immune deficiency disorder in San Francisco, one of the first AIDS patients.

Veterinary medicine knew for decades that these viruses caused slowly debilitating diseases in animals, but that discovery established the fact that this “new” human virus was related to those we studied in animals. The discovery of the AIDS virus would launch one of the most devastating epidemics the world had ever experienced. That day also altered the course of my career. Upon completion of my PhD, instead of taking a job at as an assistant professor at a university, I accepted a position as a staff microbiologist in Atlanta at the Centers for Disease Control and shifted my interest to study human retroviruses my entire career. Now at UC Davis, I am privileged to support the people and programs that come together as a community to advance animal, human, and environmental health.

U.S. One Health Leader Receives National Honors - Wednesday, November 07, 2018

U.S. One Health Leader Receives National Honors

University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (USA)


Professional News

UK Veterinary Diagnostic Lab Director Receives National Honors


By Aimee Nielson Wednesday

LEXINGTON, Ky. (Nov. 7, 2018)  *Craig Carter, director of the University of Kentucky Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, recently received two prestigious awards from the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians at its annual meeting in Kansas City, Missouri.

The E.P. Pope Award, named for one of the association’s founders, is the highest award the AAVLD bestows. Carter received it for his noteworthy and significant contributions to the association related to implementing and advancing veterinary diagnostic lab medicine.

Additionally, Carter, also professor of epidemiology for the UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment and the UK College of Public Health, received the AAVLD Life Member Award recognizing his nearly 39 years of contributions to veterinary diagnostic laboratory medicine.

“I am humbled to receive these two awards on behalf of everyone in the AAVLD and especially my faculty and staff at the UK Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for all their hard work every day to improve and maintain the health and welfare of animals and public health in the Commonwealth,” Carter said. “Many folks are not aware that our lab is open seven days a week to serve our clients. Our faculty and staff’s commitment to their work is nothing short of amazing — they make me look good every day. I am also so grateful to the entire administration of the College of Agriculture, Food and the Environment, to UK and to our clients and stakeholders for their unwavering support in the sustainment and accomplishment of our laboratory mission. Finally, I thank my wonderful and beautiful wife Ronda for believing in me and supporting my career aspirations all these years.”

Carter earned a bachelor’s degree and master’s degree from Texas A&M University. After veterinary school, he ran a large animal ambulatory practice in Texas for five years and then later joined the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory as a clinical associate, where he created a Department of Epidemiology and Informatics to advance reporting and epidemiology services for the laboratory and its clients.

In 2005, UK recruited Carter to serve as a full professor of epidemiology, and in 2007, UK appointed him director of the UK VDL.

His research interests include infectious disease epidemiology, antimicrobial resistance, electronic animal health monitoring, computer-based clinical decision support and laboratory information systems. He has worked as a veterinary and public health consultant in more than 30 countries. Carter’s military career in the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Army spanned four decades. During his military service, he completed four wartime deployments. He commanded the first Army Reserve Veterinary unit into Afghanistan after the 9/11 attacks and retired as a colonel in 2009. He received the American Veterinary Medical Association International Veterinary Congress Prize in 2016. Carter is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine and a distinguished scholar of the National Academies of Practice.

The mission of the UKVDL is to develop and apply state-of-the-art diagnostic methodology to improve animal health and marketability, to protect the public health and to assist in the preservation of the human-animal bond through the principles of One Health. The UKVDL is fully accredited by the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians.

UK is the University for Kentucky. At UK, we are educating more students, treating more patients with complex illnesses and conducting more research and service than at any time in our 150-year history. To read more about the UK story and how you can support continued investment in your university and the Commonwealth, go to: #uk4ky #seeblue

 *Dr. Craig N. Carter, a veterinarian, is an outstanding One Health leader, a member of the One Health Initiative Advisory Board and the current President of the American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (AVES)

USAID Celebrates International One Health Day - November 3, 2018 - Tuesday, November 06, 2018


USAID Celebrates International One Health Day

Women in a rural community in Bangladesh participate inexercises to understand the epidemiology of poultry diseases

Women in a rural community in Bangladesh participate in Upazila-to-Community mapping exercises to understand the epidemiology of poultry diseases.


PRESS RELEASE – November 3, 2018


The Soulsby Foundation has opened a call for applications for the 2019 Travelling Fellowships Programme

The Foundation supports talented veterinary and medical researchers at an early stage in their careers through these competitively awarded Travelling Fellowships in One Health.  Applicants must be affiliated to a biomedically relevant academic institution in the UK, USA, EU or Australasia. 

Further information and application forms for the Fellowships may be found on-line at  The closing date for applications is 31st January, 2019.

The Soulsby Foundation was established in 2016 by Lord Soulsby of Swaffham Prior, a pioneer and champion of the One Health concept which recognises the need to take a multidisciplinary approach to solving global and environmental health challenges.

Lord Soulsby treasured a similar travelling award early in his professional life which he considered to be the catalyst that consolidated his future impressive career. He always sought to inspire colleagues and students to view animal and human medicine as one continuous health-related tapestry and, as the only Past President of the RCVS to have also become President of the RSM, he constantly used this unique position to bring the two professions together.

He died in 2017 but his pioneering approach lives on in the work of the Foundation which carries his name. Further information about the Foundation can be found at:

Provided November 3, 2018 by:

Emeritus Professor Michael J. Day, BSc BVMS(Hons) PhD DSc DiplECVP FASM FRCPath FRCVS

Note: Dr. Day is a prominent leader within the international One Health movement.

One Health: Connecting Animal, Human and Environmental Health - Saturday, November 03, 2018

Note: All humans, worldwide and One Health advocates need to read and see this extraordinary article and talk by Dr. Sharon Deem, the St. Louis Zoo (USA) veterinarian.

The Ties That Bind

This past year in April, Institute for Conservation Medicine Director Dr. Sharon Deem gave a TEDx talk as part of the “Think Well: HealthCare Out Loud” TEDx Gateway Event at the Sheldon in downtown, St. Louis. In her talk, “One Health: The Ties That Bind,” Dr. Deem reminds us of how the health of all life is connected. From why we need bats (think margaritas!) to how plastics in the environment may change the sex of turtles. This short video is an overview of One Health, sharing examples of how the health of all life is interconnected. Most importantly, Dr. Deem provides tips on actions each of us can do—today, right now—to help wildlife species and to care for planetary health.


One Health Day, November 3, 2018 - U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Friday, November 02, 2018


Celebrate One Health Day with CDC

November 2018

One Health: We're All Connected

November 3, 2018, marks the third annual One Health Day, a global campaign to bring attention to the need for a One Health approach to public health. One Health recognizes the connection between human health, animal health, and our environment. 


In the past year, outbreaks of zoonotic diseases like Ebola, psittacosis, and Salmonella linked to poultry, guinea pigs, and food products have highlighted the importance of a One Health approach to preventing and controlling diseases.


How you can participate:

  • Post about your One Health work on social media using #OneHealthDay.
  • Encourage and engage in communication, collaboration, and coordination with partners across the human, animal, and environmental sectors.
  • Check out and share CDC’s resources on One Health.

DUKE (USA) One Health Team News - Issue 8 November 2018 - Thursday, November 01, 2018


ISSUE 8 November 2018




 Please read entire issue at OR

Early One Health Initiative Team’s One Medicine-One Health Op-Eds (Opposite Editorial Page), 2006-2008 - Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Early One Health Initiative Team’s One Medicine-One Health Op-Eds (Opposite Editorial Page), 2006-2008                                          

OPINION (Op-Ed)   14A

Saturday, June 17, 2006

Get veterinarians involved in research

Drs. Laura H. Kahn and Bruce Kaplan


Friday, July 7, 2006


The unrecognized medical professionals of animal and human health

By Laura H. Kahn, M.D.,%202006.pdf

The San Diego Union-Tribune

San Diego, California. (May 19, 2008).

Linking human and animal health

By LH Kahn, B Kaplan, TP Monath


In age of pandemics, human and animal health intersect

Sarasota Herald-Tribune, Sarasota, Florida (USA) By BRUCE KAPLAN GUEST COLUMNIST Published: Tuesday, December 2, 2008

Public and animal health services meet to combat zoonotic diseases in Kyrgyzstan - World Health Organization (WHO), Regional office for Europe - Wednesday, October 24, 2018


Regional office for Europe

Public and animal health services meet to combat zoonotic diseases in Kyrgyzstan

Read full article:


Participants at the 3-day National Bridging Workshop on managing animal and zoonotic diseases in the framework of public and animal health, 2–4 October 2018, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

The health of humans and animals are closely interconnected, with 80% of the infectious diseases that affect human health being of zoonotic origin. Thus, it is critical that addressing zoonotic diseases involves a coordinated, collaborative and cross-sectoral approach at the national level, effectively engaging both public and animal health.

In a first-of-its-kind event, public and animal health sectors were brought together in Kyrgyzstan for a 3-day National Bridging Workshop between WHO International Health Regulations (IHR) and the Performance of Veterinary Service (PVS) Pathway, with the aim of exploring options for improved coordination to strengthen preparedness and control the spread of zoonotic diseases.

Over 48 experts in human and animal health from national, regional and local levels of the country participated in the workshop, which took place on 2–4 October in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

Knowledge gained to be used across the country

Participants used case studies, group exercises and results from external evaluations (WHO's Joint External Evaluation (JEE) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)'s PVS Pathway assessment, both conducted in 2016) to identify strengths and gaps in the collaboration between the 2 sectors in various technical domains.

The workshop facilitators from WHO and OIE guided the participants in exploring areas of overlap, potential synergy and options for improved coordination between the sectors. Out of this, participants developed a draft “roadmap” of strategic actions necessary to strengthen linkages between the 2 sectors, with the aim of preventing zoonotic outbreaks and minimizing their impact on human health.

Participants improved their understanding of the added value of a “One Health” approach to the management of public health events at the human–animal interface and importance of international frameworks for global health security. In addition, they increased their awareness and understanding of the IHR and the role of WHO in their implementation, and of the mandate of OIE and its activities to support countries’ compliance with international standards for animal health and welfare.

Dr Jarno Habicht, WHO Representative in Kyrgyzstan, said: “the workshop aimed to improve national dialogue and coordination between animal and human health sectors in the country in order to strategically plan areas for joint action to prevent, detect and control contagious diseases that cross the animal and human divide. We do hope that participants will apply their knowledge in their daily work”.

The workshop was supported by technical assistance and financial support from WHO in accordance with the biennial collaborative agreement for 2018–2019 between the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan and WHO.

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