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U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Get ready for #OneHealthDay! - Wednesday, November 01, 2017

CDC

Get ready for #OneHealthDay!

Saving Lives, Protecting People.
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One Health

Our recent work to connect human, animal, and environmental health in the US and around the world.

 

November 2017

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CDC's One Health Work

CDC’s One Health Office is excited to join One Health Day on November 3, 2017 a worldwide campaign to demonstrate the need for a One Health approach to public health.


A One Health approach encourages collaborative efforts of many experts (like disease detectives, laboratorians, physicians, and veterinarians) working across human, animal, and environmental health to improve the health of people and animals, including pets, livestock, and wildlife. 

 

Join us on November 3 by following @CDC_NCEZID and using #OneHealthDay

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Find updates about One Health, diseases spread between humans and animals, new infographics, and much more on our home page.


One Health Platform Foundation Fostering 5th International One Health Congress meeting in Canada 2018 - Tuesday, October 31, 2017

One Health Platform Foundation Fostering 5th International One Health Congress meeting in Canada 2018

The One Health Platform Foundation https://www.onehealthplatform.com/ is providing extraordinary leadership for the upcoming 5th International One Health Congress meeting in Canada:

The 5th International One Health Congress - Location: Saskatoon, Canada - Date: 22/05/2018 - 25/05/2018

Please join the One Health research and policy community at the 5th International One Health Congress, which will be held in Saskatoon, Canada, on 22 – 25 June 2018. The 5th International One Health Congress is organized by the One Health Platform and the University of Saskatchewan, in close cooperation with the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS). Special attention will go to antimicrobial resistance, translational science, and recent advances in the fields of zoonoses and emerging infectious diseases.

See http://onehealthplatform.com/international-one-health-conferences/home

Read about the extraordinary leaders/initiators of the One Health Platform, Prof. Ab Osterhaus (chair), Prof. John MacKenzie (vice-chair) and Mrs. Chris Vanlangendonck (daily management and communication). Together, they form the OPH organization’s management board https://www.onehealthplatform.com/ohp/who-we-are/management-board

Dr. Ab Osterhaus is one of the world’s leading virologists. His interest in the One Health concept culminated in his current position as the CEO of Artemis One Health Foundation and professor of wildlife virology and virus discovery at the Utrecht University. He is also the director of the newly established Center for Infection Medicine and Zoonoses Research at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Hannover, Germany. To foster cooperation in all aspects of one health, Dr. Osterhaus has joined forces with professor Dr. John Mackenzie (Curtin University, Australia), who has an outstanding international reputation in the field of microbiology and its impacts on public health. Complementing the scientific knowledge of Drs. Ab Osterhaus and John MacKenzie is Mrs. Chris Vanlangendonck’s expertise in the field of science communication, management strategies and organizational dynamics. She is the director of Semiotics, the Belgium-based agency that provides strategic communication advice to scientists, scientific organizations and academic institutions.


A One Health Model - Duke Global Health Institute (USA) - Thursday, October 26, 2017

dghi-logo-horizontal-color-transparent

The Duke One Health team serves as a base for the rapidly expanding Duke research portfolio in One Health, as well as a hub for encouraging ongoing campus-wide research activities in this field. Duke has an expansive academic and clinical network both domestically and abroad. This team provides a strong, interdisciplinary base for ongoing One Health activities across this network.”

Media See https://sites.globalhealth.duke.edu/dukeonehealth/media/

Duke University: Check out the Duke One Health video and photo library to learn more about the work we are doing around the world. Videos · Photo Gallery.

Resources: https://sites.globalhealth.duke.edu/dukeonehealth/resources-2/

 

 

 

 


Two Additional One Health Initiative Advisory Board (Hon.) Members Announced - Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Two Additional One Health Initiative Advisory Board (Hon.) Members Announced

The One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono team is delighted to announce that two outstanding One Health supporter/advocate leaders have agreed to serve on the One Health Initiative Advisory Board (Hon.) http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php.  The board was established in 2010 and includes extraordinary, recognized One Health leaders in the U.S. and worldwide.

The new members are Dr. Eleanor Green, a veterinarian and Dr. Helena Chapman, a physician:

 

Dean Green

Eleanor M. Green, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP

https://www.avma.org/Events/Symposiums/Pages/Eleanor-Green-DVM-DACVIM-DABVP.aspx

Carl B. King Dean of Veterinary Medicine

College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences

Texas A&M University

4461 TAMU  |  College Station, TX 77843-4461 (USA)

W: 979-845-5053 | F: 979-845-5088  | M: 979-676-0844

egreen@cvm.tamu.edu

www.vetmed.tamu.edu

 

Helena Chapman

Helena Chapman, MD, MPH, PhD (concentration in One Health)

http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/publications/CV_HChapman_Oct2017.pdf

Currently, AAAS fellowship

NASA Earth Science Division

Washington, DC (USA)

Formerly, Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine

College of Medicine

University of Florida

Email: Helena.Chapman@medicine.ufl.edu or hjchapman@gmail.com 


Attacking Cancer with One Health approach is topic Nov. 1, 2017 event (USA) - Monday, October 23, 2017

 Attacking Cancer with One Health approach is topic Nov. 1, 2017 event

http://olathe.k-state.edu/about/news/2017/sept17/onehealthday92817.html

K-State Olathe - Kansas State University

Kansas City One Health Day is from 4-6:30 p.m. Nov. 1 at K-State Olathe. The free event spotlights One Health — a collaborative research approach to ...

     

“..."Greater Kansas City is in a unique position of becoming a world leader in One Health," said Ralph Richardson, dean and CEO of K-State Olathe. "The region is generating pivotal research, education and products around animal, human and environmental health. K-State Olathe is proud to help showcase these efforts and how a One Health focus will improve quality of life in the Greater Kansas City community and beyond." ...”

Dr. Ralph Richardson is a member of the One Health Initiative team’s Advisory Board http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php.


FDA Releases 2015 National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Integrated Report - Monday, October 23, 2017

FDA Releases 2015 National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Integrated Report

SEE: https://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/NewsEvents/CVMUpdates/ucm581433.htm

Partnership with CDC and USDA tracks antimicrobial resistance patterns to protect public health

October 23, 2017

Today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, along with its National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) partners, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service, released the 2015 NARMS Integrated Report. The annual report highlights antimicrobial resistance patterns in bacteria isolated from humans (by CDC), raw retail meats (by FDA), and animals at slaughter (by USDA). The report also provides information derived from whole genome sequence data about resistance genes for all Salmonella and some Campylobacter isolates. The report includes NARMS Now, a set of interactive data tools that allow users to explore the dynamics of antibiotic resistance and the genes involved. While overall resistance remains low for most human infections and there have been measurable improvements in resistance levels in some important areas, NARMS is closely monitoring a few areas of concern.

NARMS monitors antibiotic resistance in foodborne bacteria in order to assist public health officials in making data-driven decisions designed to preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics for humans and animals. For example, NARMS data inform FDA’s approval of safe and effective new antimicrobial drugs for animals, and help CDC and USDA investigate foodborne illness outbreaks. NARMS data will also be critical in evaluating the effectiveness of FDA’s Guidance for Industry #213 and the agricultural objectives in the U.S. National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.

Consumers can help protect themselves from foodborne bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant bacteria, by following four basic food safety tips: clean, separate, cook, chill. Learn more at http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/basics/.

Findings

The points listed below summarize a selection of observations from the 2015 NARMS Integrated Report:

1.    Seventy-six percent of Salmonella isolated from humans had no resistance to any of the 14 antimicrobial drugs tested.

2.    Multidrug resistance (MDR) increased from 9 percent to 12 percent of human Salmonella, driven largely by an increase in combined resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and tetracycline among Salmonella serotype I 4,[5],12:i:-.

3.    Ceftriaxone resistance either continued to decline or remained low in nontyphoidal Salmonella from all NARMS sources except turkey hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) samples, where the percent resistance in 2015 (15.7 percent) was the same as 2010 levels.

4.    While still rare, azithromycin resistance occurred in Salmonella, in some cases in strains with resistance to other antibiotics.

5.    Erythromycin resistance in Campylobacter coli increased three-to five-fold between 2011 and 2015 in isolates from humans (2.7 percent to 12.7 percent) and from chicken carcasses (3.4 percent to 12.8 percent).

6.    Transmissible quinolone resistance in Salmonella may be increasing. The underlying resistance traits reside on mobile genetic elements and therefore have the potential to be shared, either alone or together with other resistance genes, with susceptible strains of Salmonella.

7.    From 2014 to 2015, there was a decline from 73 percent to 57 percent in the proportion of retail ground turkey Salmonella isolates resistant to at least one antimicrobial. Historically, the majority of isolates from turkey sources have been resistant to at least one antimicrobial.

Note:

This NARMS Integrated Report covers a time period prior to full implementation of FDA's Guidance for Industry #213, which sought to end the use of medically important antibiotics in food-producing animals for growth promotion purposes and place the remaining therapeutic uses of these products under veterinary oversight by asking sponsors of affected products to voluntarily modify their product labeling. All sponsors made the recommended changes by the January 1, 2017 target date, or, in some cases, voluntarily withdrew approved product applications.

What’s Next

NARMS will continue to take advantage of whole genome DNA sequencing technology. This technology makes it possible to determine the complete complement of genes in a bacterium within a single laboratory workflow, supplanting other traditional methods and saving time and money. NARMS research shows that antibiotic resistance can be predicted reliably from the genomic sequence. Therefore, FDA is developing data visualization tools to make these large data sets easier to understand. Other tools are being developed by CDC for state laboratories for quickly identifying resistance patterns in outbreak strains. These enhancements will help set priorities and help public health authorities respond to food safety challenges in a more timely manner.

Additional Information


U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - ONE HEALTH: Tips to keep pets safe during emergencies - Wednesday, October 18, 2017

CDC

Tips to keep pets safe during emergencies

Saving Lives, Protecting People.
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What's New

One Health

Our recent work to connect human, animal, and environmental health in the US and around the world.

 

October 2017

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Bulldog dressed in firefighter attire

Pet Safety in Emergencies

 

Emergencies come in many forms: fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, violent storms and even terrorism. In the event of extreme weather or a disaster, would you know what to do to protect your pet? 

Be prepared: make a plan and prepare a disaster kit for your pet. You can find out what type of shelters and assistance are available in your area to accommodate pets. This information can help you include pets in your disaster plan to keep them safe during an emergency.

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Find updates about One Health, diseases spread between humans and animals, new infographics, and much more on our home page.


World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) enlarge their collaboration commitment to face health challenges - ONE HEALTH APPROACH - Saturday, October 14, 2017

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) enlarge their collaboration commitment to face health challenges

Today, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have released their second Tripartite strategic document  reaffirming their commitment to provide multi-sectoral, collaborative leadership in addressing health challenges. The scope of their collaboration will be enlarged to more broadly embrace the “One Health” approach recognizing that human health, animal health and the environment are interconnected.

Paris, Rome, Geneva – 13 October 2017: FAO, the OIE and WHO have been working together for years to address risks at the human-animal-ecosystems interface. Their collaborative work was formally laid down in 2010 in the FAO/OIE/WHO Tripartite Concept Note, and on multiple occasions, the three Organisations demonstrated that bringing together their knowledge, insights and technical capacities in human and animal health, food and agriculture, can generate strong synergies, which will yield more robust, effective and cost-efficient solutions to the complex problems facing the world today. ...

SEE complete press release at:  https://goo.gl/hTdPCD & https://goo.gl/5Dxm9M


2017 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium to Feature Dr. Laura Kahn - Tuesday, October 10, 2017

For Immediate Release                                                                             Contact: Katie Ambrose

Date: October 10, 2017          Katie.Ambrose@animalagriculture.org                                                                                                                                719-538-8843, Ext. 14

2017 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium to Feature Dr. Laura Kahn
on Antibiotic Stewardship, Sustainability and Uncertainty

Colorado Springs, CO---“When antibiotic resistance is viewed using the One Health concept, linking human, animal and environmental health, as a framework, the issue becomes more complicated than what we initially thought,” says Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, FACP, Research Scholar, Princeton University and one of the keynote speakers at the upcoming NIAA Antibiotics Symposium.

Antibiotic Stewardship: Collaborative Strategy for Animal Agriculture and Human Health is the theme for the 7th Antibiotic Symposium presented by the National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA), once again bringing together all sectors of the animal food production industry and partners in human medicine and public health. This year’s Symposium will be held October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Hyatt Regency Dulles, Herndon, VA.

Dr. Kahn is a Co-Founder of the One Health Initiative, author of “One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance” and a Research Scholar for the Program on Science and Global Security, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.

“There are completely unexpected findings that should make us all give pause to what we are doing,” says Dr. Kahn.

Antibiotics are important to human health because they are the foundation of modern medicine. Without the ability to treat bacterial infections, elective surgeries and other treatments would be too risky to be considered. Agriculture is the foundation of civilization itself, and modern animal agriculture is dependent on antibiotics.

“The environmental portion is also huge,” says Dr. Kahn. “Most of our antibiotics come from soil microbes and we don’t know what goes on in the soil. Most soil microbes cannot be grown in the laboratory. So instead, scientists extracted DNA directly from the soil to see what was going on. What they found was astonishing: antimicrobial resistance genes were everywhere and appear to be ancient. Also, we have discovered that our bodies have more microbial cells than human cells. We have been overusing antibiotics and have been changing the microbial ecosystems in our bodies and on the planet.”

Dr. Kahn recommends using new technologies to better understand the etiology and epidemiology of antimicrobial resistant microbes by using whole genome sequencing of these bacteria instead of simply tracking resistance genes. Trying to figure out how resistant bacteria are related to each other by only looking at their resistance genes, Dr. Kahn says, is like putting a bunch of red headed people together in a room and trying to figure out how they are related to each other based on their hair color. It simply cannot be done.

We need to look at the entire genome of the organism,” she says, “and when you do that, some very unexpected findings appear.” Before 2008, it was too difficult and too expensive to do whole genome sequencing. Now, some hospitals are starting to do whole genome sequencing surveillance to obtain a better picture of what’s going on.

Ultimately our dependence on antibiotics is a problematic strategy, according to Dr. Kahn, who feels antibiotics may have to “go by the wayside.”

“No one in medicine or agriculture wants to hear that,” she admits. “After all, what’s going to replace them?”

There are options. Dr. Kahn notes that bacteriophages, which are tiny viruses, are the natural foe of bacteria. They’ve likely been at war with each other since the dawn of microbial life on the planet. “There was interest in phages in the early 20th century,” says Dr. Kahn. “but phages are hard to isolate and difficult to use. Interest in them essentially vanished when antibiotics came on the scene because they were easier to use and effective.”

Bacteriophages (a.k.a. “phages”) require precise diagnostic capabilities that we don’t currently have, says Dr. Kahn. Their use would mean that the practice of medicine would have to change and agriculture would have to adapt, too.

“In the end, however, their use would be more sustainable,” she says.

Asked what the timeline for finding a solution to antibiotic resistance might be, Dr. Kahn cites a 2016 report from Great Britain that estimates that currently at least 700,000 people die each year from antimicrobial resistant complications and could increase in 30 years to 10,000,000 deaths annually around the world. Obviously, human and animal health need to find a solution before we get to that number.

For more information or to register for the 2017 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium, go to NIAA’s website, www.animalagriculture.org. Early bird registration discounts apply until October 13th.

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Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (USA) One Health Task Force - Sunday, October 08, 2017

Agency Image

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (USA) One Health Task Force

SEE http://www.agriculture.pa.gov/Protect/AHDServices/Pages/One-Health-Task-Force.aspx


 
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