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One Health Meeting Initiated Between Local Physician and Veterinarian Associations in Florida (USA) - April 19, 2011 - Sunday, April 24, 2011

One Health in ACTION …

 

One Health Meeting Initiated Between Local Physician and Veterinarian Associations in Florida (USA)

 

A first ever local Capital Medical Society/Big Bend Veterinary Medical Association joint meeting was held in Tallahassee, Florida (USA) on April 19, 2011 to discuss “One Health.”  In addition to practicing clinicians (physicians and veterinarians), the State Agriculture Veterinarian, State Medical Epidemiologist, State Environmental Health Director and the County Health Department Medical Director were in attendance.  

Prior to the formal meeting, pictures of attendees and their companion animals were shown to the crowd of over 100 people.  The three goals of the meeting were:

·         For physicians, veterinarians and public health professionals to become aware of and able to attenuate contributors to disease in our community;

·         Encourage health professionals’ contributing to the community's resiliency; and

·         Begin a process for community health professionals to regularly collaborate. 

 Additional meetings are being planned by the two local professional doctor organizations.

Reported by Lisa A. Conti, DVM, MPH, director of the Florida State Health Department’s Division of Environmental Health (USA).  Dr. Conti also serves on the One Health Initiative Website’s Honorary Advisory Board http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php.


Salmonella detected at frog breeder in 217-case outbreak - USA - Thursday, April 21, 2011

Salmonella detected at frog breeder in 217-case outbreak

Centers for Infectious Disease Research & Policy – University of Minnesota (USA)

Apr 8, 2011 (CIDRAP News) – “The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported yesterday that 217 people in 41 states since 2009 have become ill with Salmonella from contact with African dwarf water frogs.”  Please read more:

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/fs/food-disease/news/apr0811salmo.html

 

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) April 7 Update: http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/water-frogs-0411/040711/index.html


Are We All Sanitarians? - Monday, April 18, 2011

One Health in ACTION …

 

Are We All Sanitarians? 

 

Larry Gordon, MS, MPH, DHL, DEAAS 

 

Sanitarian

 

Jerrold M. Michael ScD, DrPH, DEE, Rear Admiral, USPHS (Ret.) recently wrote: “While doing research on an article on the National Board of Health, which existed between 1879 and 1883, I learned a lot more about the first Surgeon General, Dr. John Maynard Woodworth, --- Of interest is that Dr. Woodworth's headstone notes that he was a Naturalist, Physician and Sanitarian. We recognize that the term Sanitarian was once used as a synonym for public health advocate, but we may choose to note that the first SG was a sanitarian ---“ 

 

That commentary reinforces the fact that the field generally now recognized as the area of practice of “the sanitarian”, namely environmental health, is an important area of practice for a wide spectrum of disciplines and professionals. “Comprehensive” environmental health practice thus requires and benefits from the involvement of chemists, geologists, biologists, sanitarians, meteorologists, physicists, physicians, psychologists, nurses, economists, laboratory scientists, industrial hygienists, dentists, veterinarians, educators, economists, sociologists, engineers, architects, attorneys, planners, political scientists, statisticians, journalists, electronic information specialists, epidemiologists, social scientists, political scientists, ecologists, public administrators and planners, as well as those who have been formally educated in the art and science of environmental health practice. 

 

As the field is comprehensive, its effective leadership is profoundly complex, frequently controversial, and invariably in need of a wide range of individual capacities and initiatives. Many of our great environmental health leaders have been dedicated individuals who have achieved eminence not because they had the right pedigrees or belonged to the right organizations, but because they had the right vision, the right information and the right leadership at the right time.  

 

That is clearly true of some of the icons in the overarching field of public health. Lemuel Shattuck was a publisher; Edwin Chadwick was a lawyer, Charles E. A. Winslow and William Thompson Sedgwick were categorized as sanitarians, and Albert Lasker was an advertising specialist. As time progresses, the mantle of public health leadership continues to fall to those who are perceived as “having earned it.” 

 

The commonly accepted definition of environmental health is that promulgated in 1992 by the Committee on the Future of Environmental Health[1].  Following widespread peer review, the committee noted that “Environmental health and protection is the art and science of protecting against environmental factors that may adversely impact human health or the ecological balances essential to long-term human health and environmental quality.  Such factors include, but are not limited to: air, food and water contaminants; radiation; toxic chemicals; disease vectors; safety hazards; and habitat alterations.”

 

That definition remains as a hallmark of the field.  It does, however, call for statements of vision that can set out standards for world wide commitment to an enhanced environment

·                           We should envision a world in which environmental health measures contribute substantially to preventing disease and disability, as well as reducing health care costs. 

·                           We should envision a world in which environmental health is considered to be an important entitlement for the common good. 

·                           We should envision a world in which environmental health problems are measured and defined prior to designing and implementing control measures. 

·                           We should envision a world in which environmental health efforts are based on sound risk assessment, public health assessment and epidemiology. 

·                           We should envision a world in which the primacy of prevention measures is understood and practiced. 

·                           We should envision a world in which environmental health measures are designed for optimal net impact rather than zero risk.

·                           We should envision a world in which ecological considerations are understood to be components of environmental health because, in the long run, a deteriorated environment is a threat to public health and the economy. 

·                           We should envision a world in which the citizenry understand that a quality environment is an important factor in economic vitality and productivity. 

·                           We should envision a world in which environmental health outcomes contribute to minimizing social problems.

·                           We should envision a world in which the quality of the environment contributes to educational achievement.

·                           We should envision a world in which quality of life is enhanced by effective environmental health services. 

·                           We should envision a world in which broad environmental health communication bridges are constantly traveled by the public, the media, and policy makers.

·                          We should envision a world in which policy leaders seek environmental health input prior to developing policy impacting environmental health. 

                                                    

            If we share such a vision, are we all sanitarians? 


 

 

 [1]. Committee on the Future of Environmental Health, National Environmental Health Association. 1993. "The Future of Environmental Health, Part One." Journal of Environmental Health 55 (4):28-32.

 

Larry Gordon is a One Health supporter/advocate and has a most distinguished Public Health/environmental health career.  Please see: http://hsc.unm.edu/library/spc/Gordon/biography.shtml.  



 


One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne disease - Thursday, April 14, 2011

One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne disease

 

By: Professor Michael J. Day, BSc, BVMS (Hons), PhD

       Professor of Veterinary Pathology

       School of Clinical Sciences

       University of Bristol, United Kingdom

 

Dr. Day is Chair of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association’s (WSAVA) One Health Committee.

 

Parasites & Vectors April 13, 2011 4:49 – Also see http://www.biomedcentral.com/

 

http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/pdf/1756-3305-4-49.pdf


Canine Genetics May Hold “One Health” Answers for Humans - Monday, April 11, 2011

Canine Genetics May Hold “One Health” Answers for Humans

 

A study by U.S. and Swedish researchers discovered that a genetic variation causing Shar-Pei dogs to have wrinkled skin also is responsible for a periodic fever disorder is similar to periodic inherited autoinflammatory fever syndromes in humans http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Autoinflammatory/default.asp.  This research could help elucidate basic science understanding of both human and canine inflammatory diseases. 

 

Detailed scientific information is contained in PLoS journal under the title:

 

“A Novel Unstable Duplication Upstream of HAS2 Predisposes to a Breed-Defining Skin Phenotype and a Periodic Fever Syndrome in Chinese Shar-Pei Dogs”

 

http://www.plosgenetics.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pgen.1001332


Discoverer of Cancer Causing Hepatitis B Virus and Nobel Prize Winner Dies: an apparent unrecognized “One Health” example - Thursday, April 07, 2011

Discoverer of Cancer Causing Hepatitis B Virus and Nobel Prize Winner Dies:  an apparent unrecognized “One Health” example

 

 

Baruch S. Blumberg, MD, PhD, physician Nobel Prize winning biochemist and medical researcher who discovered the hepatitis B virus and subsequently showed that it could cause liver cancer (i.e., hepatocellular carcinoma) and helped develop a vaccine against it, died Tuesday.  Among many other achievements, Dr. Blumberg was also associated with a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) project to find microorganisms in space.

 

According to an April 6, 2011 New York Times obituary, “… As in his disease studies, Dr. Blumberg sought collaborations with specialists in a variety of fields, including physics, chemistry, geology, paleontology and oceanography as well as biology and medicine that would “help us to recognize biospheres that might be different from our own” … "  This represents the essence of One Health!


Emerging Threats to One Health: Implications to U.S. National Security - Colloquium April 12, 2011 - Tuesday, April 05, 2011

Emerging Threats to One Health: Implications to U.S. National Security - Colloquium

University of Missouri (USA) – Reynolds Alumni Center… April 12, 2011

Emerging Threats to One Health: Implications to U.S. National Security

·                         A 2011 Intelligence Community (IC) Centers for Academic Excellence (CAE) Regional Colloquium

·                          Hosted by the Office of the Assistant to the Provost for Strategic Opportunities at the University of Missouri in partnership with the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Intelligence Community (IC) Centers for Academic Excellence (CAE) program

 Please see http://muconf.missouri.edu/odni AND http://muconf.missouri.edu/odni/Registration.html


Fatal respiratory infections in endangered gorillas are linked to human contact - Saturday, April 02, 2011

Public release date: 30-Mar-2011

Contact: Daniela Hernandez
dfh2101@columbia.edu
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Fatal respiratory infections in endangered gorillas are linked to human contact

New study indicates that ecotourism may be contributing to the decline of mountain gorillas in African preserves

“In a study published online this week in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/17/4/711.htm, an international team of researchers report that a virus that causes respiratory disease in humans infected and contributed to the deaths of mountain gorillas in Virunga National Park. This finding raises questions about the safety of ecotourism for endangered species.

“This study illustrates the importance of global commitment to the One Health Initiative," commented CII Director, Dr. W. Ian Lipkin. The One Health Initiative is a movement whose aim is to promote collaboration among environmental, agricultural,

 

Please read more: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-03/cums-fri033011.php


Major initiative to ensure the importance of companion animals within the global ‘One Health’ movement launched by the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) at its recent 2010 Congress in Geneva - Thursday, March 31, 2011

Major initiative to ensure the importance of companion animals within the global ‘One Health’ movement launched by the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) at its recent 2010 Congress in Geneva

“At the event, the WSAVA announced the formation of a One Health Committee which will be dedicated to driving forward One Health-related programmes and research at a global level. The new committee will be chaired by Professor Michael Day, Professor of Veterinary Pathology at the University of Bristol Veterinary School.

The One Health or ‘One Medicine’ movement is supported by a range of global human and animal health bodies, including the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). It recognises the close link between diseases affecting humans, domestic animals and wildlife in our shared environment, particularly in the face of developments such as global warming, and is working towards the unification of the medical and veterinary professions.

Please read more: http://www.wsava.org/OneHealth-1.htm


Noted U. S. “One Health” Veterinarian-Pathologist Wins 2011 ‘Michele Raible Distinguished Teaching Awards in Undergraduate Medical Education’ - Sunday, March 27, 2011

Noted U. S. “One Health” Veterinarian-Pathologist Wins 2011 ‘Michele Raible Distinguished Teaching Awards in Undergraduate Medical Education’ 

 

 

One Health supporter/advocate and exemplar, Peter Anderson, DVM, PhD of the University of Alabama, Birmingham and Byron Crawford, MD of Tulane University were announced as winners of the 2011 Michel Raible Distinguished Teaching Awards in Under graduate Medical Education.  Drs. Anderson and Crawford will be honored at the opening dinner of The Association of Pathology Chairs (APC) July 13-15 in Monterey, California (USA).

 

The APC is a non-profit society, which serves as the voice of academic departments of Pathology in the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico. APC exists to provide leadership and advocacy for the dynamic discipline of Pathology and to enable academic departments to meet the demands of their three missions - medical education, research and practice.  The APC provides education, training, information resources and networking opportunities for chairs, residency program directors through Program Directors Section or PRODS, medical student educators through Undergraduate Medical Educators Section or UMEDS, and department administrators through Pathology Department Administrators Section or PDAS in its 180 member institutions. 

 

In a March 18, 2011 letter notifying Dr. Anderson of his award, Peter E. Jensen, MD, President, Association of Pathology Chairs ARUP Professor and Chair Department of Pathology University of Utah Emma Eccles Jones Medical Research Building said, “Your contributions will have a lasting impact on medical education, and a great and continuing legacy through your efforts in training individual physicians.”

 

In addition to this honor, Dr. Anderson has many other extraordinary achievements.  A “One Health in ACTION” example: The coronary artery stent commonly used in people having heart attacks was invented in the 1990s by an Australian trained veterinarian/physician, Dr. Gary Roubin, now a prominent practicing physician interventional cardiologist in New York (USA) and the late physician-radiologist Cesare Gianturco, MD (1905-1995).  As a veterinarian pathologist at the University of Alabama Birmingham School of Medicine and a collaborator with Dr. Roubin, Dr. Peter Anderson performed the pathology examinations on intracoronary stents in pigs and these studies were sent to the FDA in order to get the stent approved for human use.  Dr. Anderson also holds the patent for the idea of using a Taxol (paclitaxel) drug coating on the stents to help prevent restenosis.


 
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