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Two Important One Health Tuberculosis Articles – Published by “The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease” - Wednesday, September 08, 2010

Two Important One Health Tuberculosis Articles – Published by “The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

Thoen C O, LoBue P A, de Kantor I. Why has zoonotic tuberculosis not received much attention? [Editorial]

 

 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2010/00000014/00000009/art00001 or directly to the pdf:

 

 http://docstore.ingenta.com/cgi-bin/ds_deliver/1/u/d/ISIS/58527281.1/iuatld/ijtld/2010/00000014/00000009/art00001/7086BA00A165E4C012839704191CCE7B19C34A6FF6.pdf?link=http://www.ingentaconnect.com/error/delivery&format=pdf                  

 

LoBue P A, Enarson D A, Thoen CO. Tuberculosis in humans and animals: an overview [Serialised article. Tuberculosis: a re-emerging disease in animals and humans. Number 1 in the series]

 

 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2010/00000014/00000009/art00002 or directly to the pdf

 

http://docstore.ingenta.com/cgi-bin/ds_deliver/1/u/d/ISIS/58527321.1/iuatld/ijtld/2010/00000014/00000009/art00002/3B8E9C47DB8EA15012839705518C2A9210DED7F128.pdf?link=http://www.ingentaconnect.com/error/delivery&format=pdf

 

Website posting approval granted:  September 8, 2010


American Medical Association (USA) President Reaffirms Strong Support of One Health - Monday, August 30, 2010

American Medical Association (USA) President Reaffirms Strong Support of One Health

 

 

"The AMA strongly supports the One Health Initiative, the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to attain optimal health for humans, animals, and our environment. More than 60 percent of human infectious diseases and the preponderance of emerging infectious diseases have an animal vector. Better collaboration is needed between human and veterinary medicine to protect the public health. The One Health Initiative is playing an important role in achieving this goal."

 

Cecil B. Wilson, MD, President,

American Medical Association

 

Message for posting on the One Health Initiative website received August 30, 2010


A second good reason to attend the … “One Health” Session Scheduled for the North American Veterinary Conference (NAVC), in Orlando, Florida (USA) Monday, January 17, 2011 - Thursday, August 26, 2010

A second good reason to attend the …

“One Health” Session Scheduled for the North American Veterinary Conference (NAVC), in Orlando, Florida (USA) Monday, January 17,  2011 www.navc.com

Remember the first good reason to attend was described about and by Dr. Paul P. Calle.   It was posted on August 13, 2011 (scroll down).

Here is a second outstanding featured speaker, an activist wildlife veterinarian:

 

Kirsten Gilardi, DVM, DACZM

Assistant Director, UC Davis Wildlife Health Center
School of Veterinary Medicine
University of California, Davis, CA (USA)
One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616-8739
E-mail: kvgilardi@ucdavis.edu

 

Dr. Gilardi says she has directed her veterinary career towards One Health efforts, “whether that be providing clinical care to wildlife species endangered due to human-related activities, researching the health status of wildlife species as indicators of the health of their ecosystems, directing the One Health-focused Envirovet Summer Institute, or now administering the Mountain Gorilla One Health Program.  As a wildlife veterinarian, a One Health framework for my endeavors is the most effective and only meaningful approach.”  Dr. Gilardi said, “it is highly rewarding on a professional and personal level.”

Speech topic: “One Health in ACTION” - DETECTING WILDLIFE ZOONOSES TO PREVENT HUMAN PANDEMICS 

Dr. Gilardi describes her excellent and illuminating One Health message:

 The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Emerging Pandemic Threats Program (EPT) is a recently launched international effort to detect emerging wildlife zoonoses in time to prevent human pandemics. The EPT is an excellent example of One Health in Action; in particular, its PREDICT project http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ohi/predict/index.cfm, is administered by the UC Davis Wildlife Health Center in partnership with Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Trust, Global Viral Forecasting, Inc. and the Smithsonian Institution.  It is working on the ground on the One Health frontline, conducting wildlife zoonoses and emerging disease surveillance in more than two dozen countries at high-risk wildlife-human interfaces such as bushmeat hunting and wildlife ecotourism.”

In coming months, the One Health Initiative website will feature other topics to be discussed by individual speakers in the NAVC scheduled Orlando, Florida (USA) One Health session. 

 

Private practicing veterinarians, physicians and other health scientists in the U.S., Canada and worldwide are urged to consider attending.  These issues are expected to impact each of you as the One Health movement continues to exponentially expand globally.

 

 


Dr. Dunham Supports AVMA/AMA “One Health” Initiative - Monday, August 16, 2010

U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Bernadette Dunham, DVM, PhD Supports AVMA/AMA “One Health” Initiative

FDA Veterinarian Newsletter 2007 Volume XXII, No IV - Dr. Dunham Supports AVMA/AMA “One Health” Initiative

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/NewsEvents/FDAVeterinarianNewsletter/ucm109489.htm

-         Last Updated Version below: 10/28/2009

Dr. Bernadette Dunham, [Current] Director of the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine (USA), is a strong proponent of the initiative called “One Health,” aimed at developing more collaboration and communication between human and veterinary medicine. 

The concept behind the One Health initiative is not new (it was first articulated in the 19th Century), but it gained increased attention as the American Medical Association’s House of Delegates voted in June to approve a resolution to support it, and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) in July at its annual convention named members to a One Health Initiative Task Force. AVMA had endorsed the concept earlier.

Dr. Roger Mahr, Immediate Past President of the AVMA, made the One Health initiative his top priority during his presidency (2006-2007). It was his recommendation to establish the task force.

According to an AVMA press release, the task force was given the job of “articulating a vision of One Health that will enhance the integration of animal, human, and environmental health for the mutual benefit of all.”

The One Health initiative addresses the significance of zoonotic diseases. The most obvious zoonotic diseases are variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, West Nile virus, avian influenza, rabies, and salmonellosis. But many other diseases can move between humans and animals. Approximately 60 percent of all infectious agents of humans are zoonotic, according to experts. In addition, 75 percent of emerging human diseases seen in the past 25 years have been zoonotic, AVMA’s Dr. Mahr stated during the group’s annual conference in July.

The leading advocates of the initiative are Dr. Laura H. Kahn, a physician on the research staff of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University; Dr. Bruce Kaplan, a veterinarian in Sarasota, FL, and previously with the [U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention and] U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service; and Dr. Thomas P. Monath, a physician previously with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Fort Collins, CO) and the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (Fort Detrick, MD), and currently with the investment firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Menlo Park, CA.

They have drafted this One Health mission statement:

“Recognizing that human and animal health are inextricably linked, One Health seeks to promote, improve, and defend the health and well-being of all species by enhancing cooperation and collaboration between physicians and veterinarians, and by promoting strengths in leadership and management to achieve these goals.”

The initiative seeks increased educational opportunities between human and veterinary medical schools, more communications, and more cross-species disease surveillance, as well as other coordination.

Dr. Kaplan is collecting statements of support for the One Health initiative. Dr. Dunham, who has had veterinary clinical experience as well as human and veterinary research experience, sent him this statement of support:

“Sir William Osler, M.D. (1849-1919) promoted the philosophy of ‘one medicine.’ How exciting to witness, in 2007, the official adoption of the ‘One Health’ initiative by both the AMA and the AVMA!! Through mutual collaborations—clinical and research experiences—veterinarians and physicians can accomplish so much more together to advance the health of humans and animals. Today, we truly live in a global village where people, animals, and microbes all travel. So, it is even more imperative that we all embrace the One Health initiative. I look forward to joining my colleagues in a multidisciplinary approach as we address the global health needs of humans, animals, and their environment.”

Others who have sent testimonials supporting the One Health Initiative include Major General Gale S. Pollock, Acting, Surgeon General, U.S. Army; and former U.S. Senator Bill Frist, MD.  Dr. Kaplan is continuing to collect testimonials. [please see http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/endorsements.php]

                                                   *     *     *     *       

Note: Jack Woodall, PhD, a renowned viral epidemiologist, became the contents manager/editor of the ProMED-mail section in the Kahn-Kaplan-Monath-Woodall One Health Initiative website http://www.onehealthinitiative.com in February 2009.  Dr. Woodall is visiting Professor and Director (retd.) Nucleus for the Investigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases at the Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  He is a co-founder and associate editor of ProMED-mail, the outbreak early warning system online of the Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases of the International Society for Infectious Diseases.


“One Health” Session Scheduled for the North American Veterinary Conference (NAVC), in Orlando, Florida (USA) Monday, January 17, 2011 - Friday, August 13, 2010

A good reason to attend the …

“One Health” Session Scheduled for the North American Veterinary Conference (NAVC), in Orlando, Florida (USA) Monday, January 17,  2011 www.navc.com

One of the outstanding featured speakers, a noted wildlife veterinarian will be:

 

Paul P. Calle, VMD, Dipl ACZM
Director, Zoological Health

Global Health Program

Wildlife Conservation Society

2300 Southern Blvd.

Bronx, NY 10460-1099

www.wcs.org

 

Dr. Calle’s speech will explore ““One World One Health®  – A Field Veterinary Perspective”.

 

Dr. Calle cogently and briefly describes his One Health message as “The inextricable link between people, domestic and wild animals, and their diseases, has never been more obvious or of concern than it is today. With outbreaks of SARS, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, and Ebola virus capturing the public’s attention, the concept that we only have One World and share One Health is on the front pages of newspapers around the world. The need to increase the linkages between public health, the health of domestic animals, and the health and conservation of wild animals has generated discussions and collaborations unheard of only a few years ago. This talk will present an overview of the Wildlife Conservation Society’s pioneering One World One Health® activities around the world, which include international symposia and workshops on the topic held in New York City and Bangkok, Thailand in 2004; Beijing, China in 2005; and Brasilia, Brazil in 2007 as well as ongoing global field veterinary activities to investigate diseases and their relationships to people, domestic and wild animals.”

 

In coming months, the One Health Initiative website will feature other topics to be discussed by individual speakers in the NAVC scheduled One Health session. 

 

Private practicing veterinarians, physicians and other health scientists in the U.S., Canada and worldwide are urged to consider attending. 

 

 

 

 


Eco-epidemiology and control of Chagas disease in northern Argentina - Tuesday, August 10, 2010

Eco-epidemiology and control of Chagas disease in northern Argentina

 

A long-term One Health collaborative effort of the University of Buenos Aires (led by Ricardo Gürtler, PhD), Rockefeller and Columbia University (Joel E. Cohen, PhD) and Emory University (Uriel Kitron, PhD, MPH) on the ecology, epidemiology and suppression of Chagas disease in the Argentinean Chaco.

 

A strength of the project is that it addresses all facets of transmission and risk, including the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (which causes Chagas disease), the insect vectors, the wildlife and domestic reservoir hosts, humans and the physical and biological environments. Among the major findings of the projects is the high degree of heterogeneity in all of these components of the transmission systems. Infestations are highly aggregated, with only a few premises harboring high-density bug colonies. Some peridomestic structures with particular physical attributes maintain residual bug colonies that can recover to pre-intervention numbers and propagate through the community by flight dispersal.

 

Among our main findings are the inter-connectedness between domestic, peridomestic and Sylva tic populations of the main vector Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), the importance of super-spreader dogs and high-risk sites, the occurrence of unanticipated sylvatic foci of Triatoma infestans, and the economically optimal role for community action in sustainable Chagas disease intervention programs.

 

A key finding of the study is the importance of dogs to the transmission of T. cruzi and to the surveillance of Chagas disease. Dogs are the key reservoir for T. cruzi and the major source of infection for Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease in the Chaco, with a force of infection that is 14 times higher than that of humans. Dogs, whose average lifespan in the rural Chaco is only 3.5 years, also fulfill all the criteria for an optimal sentinel for Chagas disease. Trypanosoma cruzi infection is aggregated at the household level along the “80-20 rule”, with a small fraction of the seropositive dog, and to a lesser extent cat and human populations, showing high capacity to infect bugs. Field and experimental evidence shows that dogs are the preferred domestic bloodmeal source of T. infestans.

 

At the district-wide level, high domestic infestation was clustered in high human-density areas with higher land surface temperature and more degraded landscapes. Anthropogenic changes in the environment, including deforestation, introduction of cash crops and changes in land ownership patterns have had major impacts on wildlife, including suspected reservoir hosts such as opossums and skunks.

 

In addition to over forty scientific papers that resulted from the project, there is a strong training component for undergraduate and graduate students, post-docs and veterinarians, and the project is based on and committed to community participation and sustainable improvement in public health.

 

Links to free access key papers (all accessible through PubMed):

 

Ceballos 2009 - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2782367/

Gurtler, PNAS -  http://www.pnas.org/content/104/41/16194.long

Vazquez-Prokopec, PLOS NTD - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2613538/

Gurtler, Parasitology - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2669415/

Cecere, EID -  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1853288/

Cardinal 2009

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T7F-4SKB3H6-1&_user=655046&_coverDate=11%2F30%2F2008&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000034138&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=655046&md5=ae152424e7353e5e6659ed8aeb08fdcc

 

Uriel Kitron, PhD, MPH

Department of Environmental Studies

400 Dowman Drive

Math and Science Center, Suite E511

Emory University

Atlanta, GA  30322

Tel: (404) 727-4253; fax: (404) 727-4448

ukitron@emory.edu; http://www.envs.emory.edu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

 

Ricardo Gürtler, PhD

CONICET Scientific Investigator

Professor and Head

Laboratory of Eco-Epidemiology

Faculty of Natural and Exact Sciences

University of Buenos Aires

Argentina

 

Dr. Kitron graciously provided this article to the One Health Initiative website. This was requested following the previous July 28, 2010 OHI website Publications page http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/publications.php (scroll down) posting of a news item on NEWKERALA.COM.  Prepared by Drs. Kitron and Gürtler, it is expected to be re-printed in the One Health Newsletter’s Fall issue http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/newsletter.php.


Cancer clue found in animal diseases - Friday, August 06, 2010

UPI.com

 

Science News

 

Cancer clue found in animal diseases


VANCOUVER, British Columbia, July 26 (UPI) -- Canadian researchers say an unexpected connection between an animal disease and human cancers could lead to effective cancer therapies. … Read more:

 

http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2010/07/26/Cancer-clue-found-in-animal-diseases/UPI-23611280190685/


One Health or… some health? - Tuesday, August 03, 2010

An OPINION:

 

One Health or… some health?

 

"When the eagles are silent, parrots begin to jabber." - Winston Churchill

 

 Bruce Kaplan, DVM

 

The international One Health movement has expanded during the early 21st century.  It even sports the name “One Health” in most circles instead of “One Medicine”, the phrase promoted by the late Dr. Calvin Schwabe, the renowned public health veterinarian and parasitologist.  Actually, the two are essentially synonymous unless you want to split hairs.  One Health has been adopted by most to primarily designate a wider collaborative interdisciplinary inclusion.

 

I met and spent part of a morning and lunch with Dr. Schwabe at the home of his close friends, the family of the late noted public health figure,  Oscar Sussman, DVM, MPH, LL.B in Princeton, New Jersey (USA) in the early 1960s.  Schwabe was a brilliant, gentle, unpretentious person.  He called the concept “One Medicine” and was himself more oriented towards the public health (epidemiological) applicability.  Nonetheless, I am confident that if asked today, he would say something like, “whatever you call it, it needs to be implemented across the board in public health and clinical medicine for the benefit of human [and animal] health.”

 

While implementation still remains sometime in the future, the One Health movement has become and is becoming widely accepted worldwide, particularly in public health communities.  Regrettably, although One Health principles apply exceptionally well to protecting nations’ public health, it also applies equally well to clinical medical and surgical research (comparative medicine) and hence in private practice, i.e. in the fields of cancer, cardiovascular disease, orthopedic conditions, obesity, and many others.  By perusing the One Health Initiative website www.onehealthinitiative.com and the online quarterly One Health Newsletter http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/newsletter.php, one can find numerous examples of One Health advances for both disciplines, viz. public health and clinical health care.

 

Much more One Health activity is evident in public health academic communities than among clinical health academic circles.  It is practically non-existent and for the most part unheard of within the practicing veterinary medical and human medical communities.  Specifically, practicing veterinarians and physicians in private practices generally do not know about One Health and those that hear of it ask the legitimate question, “So, what is in it for us?”

 

If One Health activists continue to only stress public health to the exclusion of clinical medical/surgical research and neglect indoctrinating our practitioner colleagues into “What’s in it for all of us”… we will travel the path of “some health” and not ONE HEALTH.  Protecting and saving untold millions of lives requires recognition and implementation of, by and for both disciplines.

 

 

Dr. Bruce Kaplan is a member of the One Health Initiative website team along with Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, Thomas P. Monath, MD, and Jack Woodall, PhD.  He also serves on the editorial board of the One Health Newsletter and has been a co-author contributor to One Health articles with One Health Newsletter editor Mary Echols, DVM, MPH.  Dr. Echols was the first to appreciate and express the practical, bottom line phrase “so, what’s in it for us” relative to when many initially consider supporting the One Health concept.

 

 

Comments about this Opinion piece are welcomed.   Opinions and comments about One Health are encouraged.  Selected appropriate messages will be posted upon receipt of permission from author(s).  Please send to kkm@onehealthinitiative.com c/o Contents Manager.

 


One Health Article Appears in International Innovation Magazine - Saturday, July 31, 2010

 

One Health Article Appears in International Innovation Magazine: Research Media Ltd.

 

http://www.research-europe.com/

 

The One Health concept was elucidated in a Question and Answer piece that was recently widely distributed online and in a hard copy format through International Innovation magazine, published June 2010.

 

Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, a prominent member of this One Health Initiative team and a recognized leader in the international One Health movement gave a significant and thoughtful One Health interview

 

Please see the link below… 

http://www.research-europe.com/index.php/2010/07/dr-laura-kahn-on-the-one-health-initiative/

 

Note: The entire magazine may also be viewed via the following links 

http://www.research-europe.com/magazine/HEALTHCARE/JUN10/pageflip.html

 

International Innovation Magazine Information:

http://www.research-europe.com/index.php/digital_magazine/

 

You may register on the Research Media website to gain full access to the entire publication, this is free and quick with your registration being approved within 24 hours.

 

“International Innovation is the leading global dissemination resource for the wider scientific, technology and research communities. Produced under four titles, each title serves a key scientific area that is of particular relevance in today’s global environment.”

Click the link below to complete the online form to subscribe to the printed magazine.
Research Media Subscription Form or http://www.research-europe.com/subscribe.php

 


UN agriculture agency adopts new strategy to combat animal disease outbreaks - Thursday, July 29, 2010

UN News Center

 

UN agriculture agency adopts new strategy to combat animal disease outbreaks

26 July 2010 – Strengthening measures to prevent and control outbreaks of animal diseases could result in the saving of large amounts of money for governments, the United Nations agriculture agency said today, announcing a new strategy to more effectively detect and combat the diseases.

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said it had drawn on its experience in past animal health emergencies to develop the “One Health” initiative, which aims to improve global response to disease outbreaks, implement effective prevention and containment strategies and manage risks. … Read more:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=35426&Cr=fao&Cr1=


 
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