One Health News

 
Search News:
 
Found 910 Matching Results. View archived News Here.

Two Additional One Health Initiative Advisory Board (Hon.) Members Announced - Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Two Additional One Health Initiative Advisory Board (Hon.) Members Announced

The One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono team is delighted to announce that two outstanding One Health supporter/advocate leaders have agreed to serve on the One Health Initiative Advisory Board (Hon.) http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php.  The board was established in 2010 and includes extraordinary, recognized One Health leaders in the U.S. and worldwide.

The new members are Dr. Eleanor Green, a veterinarian and Dr. Helena Chapman, a physician:

 

Dean Green

Eleanor M. Green, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP

https://www.avma.org/Events/Symposiums/Pages/Eleanor-Green-DVM-DACVIM-DABVP.aspx

Carl B. King Dean of Veterinary Medicine

College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences

Texas A&M University

4461 TAMU  |  College Station, TX 77843-4461 (USA)

W: 979-845-5053 | F: 979-845-5088  | M: 979-676-0844

egreen@cvm.tamu.edu

www.vetmed.tamu.edu

 

Helena Chapman

Helena Chapman, MD, MPH, PhD (concentration in One Health)

http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/publications/CV_HChapman_Oct2017.pdf

Currently, AAAS fellowship

NASA Earth Science Division

Washington, DC (USA)

Formerly, Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine

College of Medicine

University of Florida

Email: Helena.Chapman@medicine.ufl.edu or hjchapman@gmail.com 


Attacking Cancer with One Health approach is topic Nov. 1, 2017 event (USA) - Monday, October 23, 2017

 Attacking Cancer with One Health approach is topic Nov. 1, 2017 event

http://olathe.k-state.edu/about/news/2017/sept17/onehealthday92817.html

K-State Olathe - Kansas State University

Kansas City One Health Day is from 4-6:30 p.m. Nov. 1 at K-State Olathe. The free event spotlights One Health — a collaborative research approach to ...

     

“..."Greater Kansas City is in a unique position of becoming a world leader in One Health," said Ralph Richardson, dean and CEO of K-State Olathe. "The region is generating pivotal research, education and products around animal, human and environmental health. K-State Olathe is proud to help showcase these efforts and how a One Health focus will improve quality of life in the Greater Kansas City community and beyond." ...”

Dr. Ralph Richardson is a member of the One Health Initiative team’s Advisory Board http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php.


FDA Releases 2015 National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Integrated Report - Monday, October 23, 2017

FDA Releases 2015 National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Integrated Report

SEE: https://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/NewsEvents/CVMUpdates/ucm581433.htm

Partnership with CDC and USDA tracks antimicrobial resistance patterns to protect public health

October 23, 2017

Today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, along with its National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) partners, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service, released the 2015 NARMS Integrated Report. The annual report highlights antimicrobial resistance patterns in bacteria isolated from humans (by CDC), raw retail meats (by FDA), and animals at slaughter (by USDA). The report also provides information derived from whole genome sequence data about resistance genes for all Salmonella and some Campylobacter isolates. The report includes NARMS Now, a set of interactive data tools that allow users to explore the dynamics of antibiotic resistance and the genes involved. While overall resistance remains low for most human infections and there have been measurable improvements in resistance levels in some important areas, NARMS is closely monitoring a few areas of concern.

NARMS monitors antibiotic resistance in foodborne bacteria in order to assist public health officials in making data-driven decisions designed to preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics for humans and animals. For example, NARMS data inform FDA’s approval of safe and effective new antimicrobial drugs for animals, and help CDC and USDA investigate foodborne illness outbreaks. NARMS data will also be critical in evaluating the effectiveness of FDA’s Guidance for Industry #213 and the agricultural objectives in the U.S. National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.

Consumers can help protect themselves from foodborne bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant bacteria, by following four basic food safety tips: clean, separate, cook, chill. Learn more at http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/basics/.

Findings

The points listed below summarize a selection of observations from the 2015 NARMS Integrated Report:

1.    Seventy-six percent of Salmonella isolated from humans had no resistance to any of the 14 antimicrobial drugs tested.

2.    Multidrug resistance (MDR) increased from 9 percent to 12 percent of human Salmonella, driven largely by an increase in combined resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and tetracycline among Salmonella serotype I 4,[5],12:i:-.

3.    Ceftriaxone resistance either continued to decline or remained low in nontyphoidal Salmonella from all NARMS sources except turkey hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) samples, where the percent resistance in 2015 (15.7 percent) was the same as 2010 levels.

4.    While still rare, azithromycin resistance occurred in Salmonella, in some cases in strains with resistance to other antibiotics.

5.    Erythromycin resistance in Campylobacter coli increased three-to five-fold between 2011 and 2015 in isolates from humans (2.7 percent to 12.7 percent) and from chicken carcasses (3.4 percent to 12.8 percent).

6.    Transmissible quinolone resistance in Salmonella may be increasing. The underlying resistance traits reside on mobile genetic elements and therefore have the potential to be shared, either alone or together with other resistance genes, with susceptible strains of Salmonella.

7.    From 2014 to 2015, there was a decline from 73 percent to 57 percent in the proportion of retail ground turkey Salmonella isolates resistant to at least one antimicrobial. Historically, the majority of isolates from turkey sources have been resistant to at least one antimicrobial.

Note:

This NARMS Integrated Report covers a time period prior to full implementation of FDA's Guidance for Industry #213, which sought to end the use of medically important antibiotics in food-producing animals for growth promotion purposes and place the remaining therapeutic uses of these products under veterinary oversight by asking sponsors of affected products to voluntarily modify their product labeling. All sponsors made the recommended changes by the January 1, 2017 target date, or, in some cases, voluntarily withdrew approved product applications.

What’s Next

NARMS will continue to take advantage of whole genome DNA sequencing technology. This technology makes it possible to determine the complete complement of genes in a bacterium within a single laboratory workflow, supplanting other traditional methods and saving time and money. NARMS research shows that antibiotic resistance can be predicted reliably from the genomic sequence. Therefore, FDA is developing data visualization tools to make these large data sets easier to understand. Other tools are being developed by CDC for state laboratories for quickly identifying resistance patterns in outbreak strains. These enhancements will help set priorities and help public health authorities respond to food safety challenges in a more timely manner.

Additional Information


U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - ONE HEALTH: Tips to keep pets safe during emergencies - Wednesday, October 18, 2017

CDC

Tips to keep pets safe during emergencies

Saving Lives, Protecting People.
Having trouble viewing this email? View it as a Web page.
logo no name

What's New

One Health

Our recent work to connect human, animal, and environmental health in the US and around the world.

 

October 2017

Bookmark and Share

Bulldog dressed in firefighter attire

Pet Safety in Emergencies

 

Emergencies come in many forms: fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, violent storms and even terrorism. In the event of extreme weather or a disaster, would you know what to do to protect your pet? 

Be prepared: make a plan and prepare a disaster kit for your pet. You can find out what type of shelters and assistance are available in your area to accommodate pets. This information can help you include pets in your disaster plan to keep them safe during an emergency.

Learn more blue button

Find updates about One Health, diseases spread between humans and animals, new infographics, and much more on our home page.


World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) enlarge their collaboration commitment to face health challenges - ONE HEALTH APPROACH - Saturday, October 14, 2017

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) enlarge their collaboration commitment to face health challenges

Today, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have released their second Tripartite strategic document  reaffirming their commitment to provide multi-sectoral, collaborative leadership in addressing health challenges. The scope of their collaboration will be enlarged to more broadly embrace the “One Health” approach recognizing that human health, animal health and the environment are interconnected.

Paris, Rome, Geneva – 13 October 2017: FAO, the OIE and WHO have been working together for years to address risks at the human-animal-ecosystems interface. Their collaborative work was formally laid down in 2010 in the FAO/OIE/WHO Tripartite Concept Note, and on multiple occasions, the three Organisations demonstrated that bringing together their knowledge, insights and technical capacities in human and animal health, food and agriculture, can generate strong synergies, which will yield more robust, effective and cost-efficient solutions to the complex problems facing the world today. ...

SEE complete press release at:  https://goo.gl/hTdPCD & https://goo.gl/5Dxm9M


2017 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium to Feature Dr. Laura Kahn - Tuesday, October 10, 2017

For Immediate Release                                                                             Contact: Katie Ambrose

Date: October 10, 2017          Katie.Ambrose@animalagriculture.org                                                                                                                                719-538-8843, Ext. 14

2017 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium to Feature Dr. Laura Kahn
on Antibiotic Stewardship, Sustainability and Uncertainty

Colorado Springs, CO---“When antibiotic resistance is viewed using the One Health concept, linking human, animal and environmental health, as a framework, the issue becomes more complicated than what we initially thought,” says Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, FACP, Research Scholar, Princeton University and one of the keynote speakers at the upcoming NIAA Antibiotics Symposium.

Antibiotic Stewardship: Collaborative Strategy for Animal Agriculture and Human Health is the theme for the 7th Antibiotic Symposium presented by the National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA), once again bringing together all sectors of the animal food production industry and partners in human medicine and public health. This year’s Symposium will be held October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Hyatt Regency Dulles, Herndon, VA.

Dr. Kahn is a Co-Founder of the One Health Initiative, author of “One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance” and a Research Scholar for the Program on Science and Global Security, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.

“There are completely unexpected findings that should make us all give pause to what we are doing,” says Dr. Kahn.

Antibiotics are important to human health because they are the foundation of modern medicine. Without the ability to treat bacterial infections, elective surgeries and other treatments would be too risky to be considered. Agriculture is the foundation of civilization itself, and modern animal agriculture is dependent on antibiotics.

“The environmental portion is also huge,” says Dr. Kahn. “Most of our antibiotics come from soil microbes and we don’t know what goes on in the soil. Most soil microbes cannot be grown in the laboratory. So instead, scientists extracted DNA directly from the soil to see what was going on. What they found was astonishing: antimicrobial resistance genes were everywhere and appear to be ancient. Also, we have discovered that our bodies have more microbial cells than human cells. We have been overusing antibiotics and have been changing the microbial ecosystems in our bodies and on the planet.”

Dr. Kahn recommends using new technologies to better understand the etiology and epidemiology of antimicrobial resistant microbes by using whole genome sequencing of these bacteria instead of simply tracking resistance genes. Trying to figure out how resistant bacteria are related to each other by only looking at their resistance genes, Dr. Kahn says, is like putting a bunch of red headed people together in a room and trying to figure out how they are related to each other based on their hair color. It simply cannot be done.

We need to look at the entire genome of the organism,” she says, “and when you do that, some very unexpected findings appear.” Before 2008, it was too difficult and too expensive to do whole genome sequencing. Now, some hospitals are starting to do whole genome sequencing surveillance to obtain a better picture of what’s going on.

Ultimately our dependence on antibiotics is a problematic strategy, according to Dr. Kahn, who feels antibiotics may have to “go by the wayside.”

“No one in medicine or agriculture wants to hear that,” she admits. “After all, what’s going to replace them?”

There are options. Dr. Kahn notes that bacteriophages, which are tiny viruses, are the natural foe of bacteria. They’ve likely been at war with each other since the dawn of microbial life on the planet. “There was interest in phages in the early 20th century,” says Dr. Kahn. “but phages are hard to isolate and difficult to use. Interest in them essentially vanished when antibiotics came on the scene because they were easier to use and effective.”

Bacteriophages (a.k.a. “phages”) require precise diagnostic capabilities that we don’t currently have, says Dr. Kahn. Their use would mean that the practice of medicine would have to change and agriculture would have to adapt, too.

“In the end, however, their use would be more sustainable,” she says.

Asked what the timeline for finding a solution to antibiotic resistance might be, Dr. Kahn cites a 2016 report from Great Britain that estimates that currently at least 700,000 people die each year from antimicrobial resistant complications and could increase in 30 years to 10,000,000 deaths annually around the world. Obviously, human and animal health need to find a solution before we get to that number.

For more information or to register for the 2017 NIAA Antibiotic Symposium, go to NIAA’s website, www.animalagriculture.org. Early bird registration discounts apply until October 13th.

###


Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (USA) One Health Task Force - Sunday, October 08, 2017

Agency Image

Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (USA) One Health Task Force

SEE http://www.agriculture.pa.gov/Protect/AHDServices/Pages/One-Health-Task-Force.aspx


National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA) Antibiotics Symposium Speaker Dr. Lonnie King: Urgent to Act Now -- October 31- November 2, 2017 - Hyatt Regency Dulles, Herndon, VA. (USA) - Wednesday, October 04, 2017

For Immediate Release                                                                    Contact: Katie Ambrose
Date: October 3, 2017                                               Katie.Ambrose@animalagriculture.org                                719-538-8843 Ext. 14

National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA) Antibiotics Symposium Speaker Dr. Lonnie King: Urgent to Act Now

There are important issues to be discussed at the upcoming NIAA-hosted Antibiotic Symposium which, according to keynote speaker Dr. Lonnie King, are cost effective, can be implemented quickly, and can have an impact on antibiotic resistance now. 

Antibiotic Stewardship: Collaborative Strategy for Animal Agriculture and Human Health is the theme for the 7th Antibiotic Symposium presented by the National Institute for Animal Agriculture (NIAA), once again bringing together all sectors of the animal food production industry and partners in human medicine and public health. This year’s Symposium will be held October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Hyatt Regency Dulles, in Herndon, VA.

Dr. King, Professor and Dean Emeritus, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, is presenting the closing remarks at the two and a half-day Symposium. His topic, What MUST Be Done Next: Prioritizing Immediate Actions, will seek to integrate the conclusions of the previous presenters, panel discussions and the deliberations of the participants into actions.

“We need different voices to produce consensus and cause action,” says Dr. King of the NIAA’s well-known focus on collaboration and bringing stakeholders together to analyze, evaluate, and discuss issues vital to the animal ag industry. Since 2011, NIAA has provided a setting for a thoughtful exchange of ideas for the betterment of animal and human health, including the use of antibiotics and the threat of resistance.

First, says Dr. King, is stewardship. “It doesn’t cost a lot to make good decisions and yet it does a lot to move the dial on the reduction of unnecessary use of antibiotics.” He cites thoughtful decisions that are made by health care providers and producers about the use of antibiotics.

Approximately 270 million prescriptions are written every year in human health, just for outpatients. At least 30% may be unnecessary, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with Pew Charitable Trusts and other public health and medical experts. Stewardship, in human health, is an effort to counter this unnecessary use of antibiotics being prescribed by clinicians and other healthcare professionals. In animal ag, too, stewardship is of growing importance to help ensure that antibiotics are used appropriately, judiciously, and to optimize health outcomes while reducing any negative consequences.

“Antibiotic resistance is a crisis in human health, and it could be crisis in animal health if we don't get on top of it,” says Dr. King. “After six years of discussion, we can see clearly that while improvements have been made, globally, we are probably further behind than we were in 2011.”

In the US, the recent adoption of FDA guidance and changes to the Veterinary Feed Directive to eliminate the use of medically important antibiotics to promote growth in food animals has been a game changer for production animal agriculture. However, he says, unless we can get better baseline measurements of where we started to compare with what comes next, we can't tell how productive it will be, or the potential costs and health impact of these changes.

Another part of the equation, according to Dr. King, is awareness and education. “The public and our producers both need an improved awareness of antibiotic resistance. It is a very complicated issue and we need to make it more personal, better understood and tackled with a greater sense of urgency. While more studies and research are needed, we already know enough to act aggressively and decisively to effectively address antibiotic resistance,” says Dr. King.

Dr. King complements NIAA for pushing forward a variety of voices of animal health and human health. “NIAA is forward-looking and deserves a lot of credit for the kinds of meetings that really result in follow-up and actions,” says Dr. King.

For more information or to register, go to NIAA’s website, www.animalagriculture.org. Early bird registration discounts apply until October 13th.

NOTE:  Lonnie J. King, DVM, MP, MPA - Former director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) new National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne and Enteric Diseases (NCZVED) and past dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Professor of Preventive Medicine and current Interim Vice President for Agriculture and Dean for the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at Ohio State University (USA) is an internationally renowned One Health expert and leader.  Dr. King also serves as a member of the One Health Initiative team’s Advisory Board http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php.


Attacking cancer with One Health approach is topic of Nov. 1, 2017 event - Thursday, September 28, 2017

Attacking cancer with One Health approach is topic of Nov. 1 event

http://olathe.k-state.edu/about/news/2017/sept17/onehealthday92817.html

K-State Olathe - Kansas State University

Kansas City One Health Day is from 4-6:30 p.m. Nov. 1 at K-State Olathe. The free event spotlights One Health — a collaborative research approach to ...

Google Plus

Facebook

Twitter


On World Day, UN announces global initiative to end deaths from dog-transmitted rabies by 2030 - Thursday, September 28, 2017

HomeUnited Nations NEWS Centre

 

On World Day, UN announces global initiative to end deaths from dog-transmitted rabies by 2030

SEE Complete Article http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=57762#.Wc1IEORe4jY

28 September 2017 – The largest global anti-rabies initiative to end human deaths from dog-transmitted rabies by 2030 was announced, today, World Rabies Day, making it a priority disease for key international organizations and governments, according to the United Nations health agency.

“The plan ensures support to countries in developing national plans, and provides innovative training and education tools across regional rabies networks,” said Dr. Bernadette Abela-Ridder today in a press statement on behalf the United Against Rabies collaboration, consisting of the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), and Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC).

The plan Zero by 30: The Strategic Plan centres on a ‘One Health’ approach, addressing the disease in a holistic and cross-sectoral manner while highlighting the important role veterinary, health and educational services play in rabies prevention and control.

“Vaccines are a key component of the global plan and a trigger for national programmes. The United Against Rabies collaboration provides leadership and advocates for resources critical to reaching zero human rabies deaths by 2030,” Dr. Abela-Ridder added.

Rabies – a viral disease that occurs in more than 150 countries and territories – is usually fatal once symptoms appear. Dog-transmitted rabies accounts for about 99 per cent of human rabies cases. It is estimated that 59,000 people die every year from the disease. The statement pointed out that rabies is 100 per cent preventable, saying that the world has the knowledge, technology and vaccines for its elimination.

The alliance aims to prevent and respond to dog-transmitted rabies by improving awareness and education, reducing human rabies risk through expanded dog vaccinations and improving access to healthcare, medicines and vaccines for populations at risk.

Dr. Ren Minghui, WHO Assistant Director-General for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases maintained, “Working across sectors to eliminate human rabies aligns with WHO’s mission to leave no one behind by building a better, healthier future for people all over the world.”

The plan will generate and measure impact by implementing proven effective guidelines for rabies control, and encouraging the use of innovative surveillance technologies to monitor progress towards ‘zero by 30.’

“Eliminating human rabies contributes to the goal of providing affordable and equitable health care, while working with partners to prevent the disease in dogs, which is the most frequent source of infection," underscored Dr. Minghui.

The plan will also demonstrate the impact of the United against Rabies collaboration in national, regional, and global rabies elimination programmes to ensure the continued engagement and sustained financing of stakeholders at all levels.

Expressing FAO’s enthusiasm in being part of the development of the initiative, Ren Wang, FAO Assistant Director-General said, “Rural communities suffer the most from this preventable disease. Rabies puts not only their own health and wellbeing at risk, but also that of their animals, which can be a major or sole source of their livelihoods.”

“FAO has been supporting vaccination campaigns and the development of community-based programmes to prevent and eliminate rabies. This new initiative will enhance that work and can play an essential role in FAO’s overall goal to build stronger rural communities,” Mr. Wang stressed.


 
One Health Initiative
Home | About One Health | Mission Statement | One Health News | AVMA Task Force Report | One Health Newsletter |
Publications | Supporters | Supporter Endorsements | Upcoming Events | Contact Us