One Health News
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|One Health [for young students] - Saturday, November 06, 2010
By Lynn Lauterbach, BS
Science teacher and curriculum coordinator
Loveland, Colorado (USA)
I’ve heard it said that “none of us are as smart as all of us.” My role as a teacher reinforces this each day in the triumphs of successful moments and the failures when cooperation falls short. Additionally, this statement seems to ring true when we look at people historically who have risen up and worked together to advance their cultures…the Egyptians, the Aztecs, the success story that rid the globe of smallpox in the 70s, and the worldwide effort to solve the mysteries of the human genome. It seems that history has a chance to repeat itself if the “One Health” initiative continues making progress. This 21st century movement is a global strategy for expanding collaborations and communications in all types of health care encompassing humans, animals, and the environment. The power of working together across many fields of medicine and among countries will advance research discoveries, enhance public health effectiveness, expand the scientific knowledge base, and improve medical education and clinical care. Indeed, if all health providers join in a cohesive effort toward a common goal, it will help protect and save untold millions of lives presently and in the future. So, what needs to happen to insure that upcoming generations embrace and support the importance of One Health? What do my students need to understand about this effort?
As I watch individuals in my classroom try to agree on the methods they will use to solve their class projects, I am reminded of the challenges of working together. For that matter, just remembering the discussion among my four children as to which restaurant the family should go to for dinner is a reminder of differences. So, the issue of bringing many groups together worldwide to agree on a plan takes on new complexity. But this is just what One Health is doing. And it seems to be working.
Educators have a unique opportunity to introduce students to the concept of One Health and get these future physicians, veterinarians, public health leaders, ecologists, microbiologists, and so forth, to grasp the vision of what a unified effort can achieve. Teaching students that emerging diseases are a reality, as are new solutions to these issues, helps them understand that these health challenges don’t just happen “somewhere” else. Q fever, hantaviruses, SARS, West Nile, cholera, malaria…these diseases are current issues. Changing climates are possibly affecting distribution patterns of some diseases, so ecology experts are needed to work together with researchers seeking causes and cures, who then work together with public health officials to communicate prevention and treatment plans which are passed along to physicians who carry out the treatments.
But, just like in classrooms, overcoming the challenges of working together toward a common goal and using the strengths of each contributor can result in great things. As an educator, introducing students to the idea of the One Health initiative is a powerful way to instill the belief of what can be accomplished if this effort continues to be supported. Indeed, worldwide health will benefit from the idea that “none of us are as smart as all of us.”
Note: Lynn Lauterbach contributed to an important One Health Medmyst Magazine issue which was supported by a grant from the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (USA). She was part of a dedicated group of professionals in developing these One Health materials with especially helpful guidance for that edition.
‘MedMyst Magazine’ http://medmyst.rice.edu is an important unique Educational Publication to assist young people with their early education. It is produced by Rice University, – Center for Technology and learning – Galveston, Texas (USA).
Comment from Editor: “We really do need to engage young people in the One Health movement… after all, they will be leading our future generations.”
For more information contact:
Kimberly Schuenke, PhD
Associate Director, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Program
Administrator Western Regional Center of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research
The University of Texas Medical Branch 1.104D Keiller Bldg.
Dept. of Pathology
915 Strand St.
Galveston, TX 77555-0609 (USA)
Leslie M. Miller, PhD
Senior Research Scholar
MedMyst III: Infectious Disease Materials for Middle School Students
Houston, Texas 77005-1827 (USA)
|Reaction from Prominent Nigerian Virologist/Educator to Death of One Health Leader, virologist Dr. Graham Kemp - Thursday, November 04, 2010
Reaction from Prominent Nigerian Virologist/Educator to Death of One Health Leader, virologist Dr. Graham Kemp
By Oyewale Tomori, DVM, PhD
Redeemer's University, Redemption Camp,
Km. 46 Lagos-Ibadan Expressway, Ogun State
P. O. Box 7914, Ikeja, Lagos State
TEL: 234 1-7931780,
The news of Graham's death is another of the shocks, that we are not unfamiliar with in Nigeria.
I have just finished a book by Professor Lucas, formerly of the Preventive and Social Medicine, in Ibadan. Tom [*Thomas P. Monath, MD] may remember him. The title of his book: “IT WAS THE BEST OF TIMES.” There is no better description for the times of Graham Kemp, Vernon Lee, Dorothy Moore and Tom Monath at the Ibadan Virus Laboratory. Between the four, people like us became the virologist that we became. Long before the concept of "One Health", was coined, the Ibadan Virus Lab team, looked at man, animal, insects and studied all their interrelations. From Kotonkan virus, to Mokola virus and on to Yellow Fever virus, the team worked elucidating the connections and providing solutions for their control.
I still remember the day in March 1970, as if it was yesterday. Graham Kemp came along with a team from the Rockefeller Lab in Ibadan, to our Veterinary School in Zaria. The team was returning from investigating the 1969 Lassa fever outbreak. Graham challenged us to show interest in virology, urging some of us to join the Ibadan team, after our graduation. Two of us, half heartedly and with minimal seriousness, volunteered to join the Ibadan team. We were sure that by the time Graham returned to his Ibadan base, he would have forgotten those of us who volunteered in jest! But he did not. A year later, and close to our graduation, he wrote to remind us of our promise. That was how I began an exciting career in virology.
Graham was a great teacher who taught by example. With his size and courage, the Nigerian cows cowed before him. It was always a pleasure to see him restrain a cow with his boots and collect a gallon of blood with the needle held between his right thumb and index finger. I still remember his signature and initials "GEK" on the numerous mouse cards detailing the daily mortality of mice succumbing to intracerebral inoculations with Kotonkan, Mokola and Dugbe viruses.
I learnt a lot from Graham and together with the teachings I got from Vernon, Dorothy and Tom, I became the virologist I am today. The only regret is that I have not shown the totality of all that I learnt from Graham et. al. One attribute that was common to all of the 4 was the openness and genuineness to build national capacity
He will always remain the gentle, caring, loving and devoted teacher. We have a saying in Nigeria, that you do not say you saw an elephant in flash! So much for the indelible impression and contribution of Graham Elmore Kemp to arbovirus studies in Nigeria.
To Peggy, the children and grandchildren, you can all be proud, as we are here in Nigeria, of the contributions of Graham to the study of virology in Nigeria.
*Dr. Monath is an eminent medical virologist/physician and a member of the One Health Initiative website team.
See obituary posted October 30, 2010 on this One Health Initiative website News (please scroll down)
|One Health Initiative Website team Joins U.S. National Vet2011 Committee - Sunday, October 31, 2010
One Health Initiative Website team Joins U.S. National Vet2011 Committee
In the spirit of “One Health”, the One Health Initiative website team, composed of two physicians, a veterinarian and a research scientist, has happily accepted an invitation from the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) to join the U.S. National Vet2011 committee, in order to participate in a collaborative global effort to organize and celebrate—World Veterinary Year/2011—the 250th year since the founding of veterinary medicine in Lyon, France. The veterinary medical profession (worldwide) has played and continues to play a crucial role in achieving implementation of One Health principles including advancement of more expeditious, efficacious public health practices, biomedical research and protecting the environment and biodiversity.
The AVMA is heading the United States National “Vet2011 Committee” http://vet2011.org/en_about3.php. To date, there are 23 members http://www.avma.org/Vet2011/Vet2011_MemberOrgs.asp of the U.S. National Vet2011 Committee. Please see what it is all about http://vet2011.org/about.php.
|One Health Leader – Outstanding Veterinary Medical Epidemiologist/Virologist Dr. Graham Kemp Dies - Saturday, October 30, 2010
One Health Leader – Outstanding Veterinary Medical Epidemiologist/Virologist Dr. Graham Kemp Dies
By Thomas P. Monath, MD
Graham Kemp, DVM, MPH, who died in Ft Collins CO on October 25, 2010, was a leader in One Health and some of his accomplishments are highlighted in the One Health in Action series (see http://www.izs.it/vet_italiana/2009/45_1/195.pdf). He was 85 years old.
Dr. Graham Kemp grew up in Vancouver, British Columbia. In WWII he served in the Royal Canadian Navy protecting convoys of supplies across the Atlantic. After the war, Graham went to the Ontario Veterinary College (Guelph Ontario), earning a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree. It was during this time he met and married Wanda (Peggy) Peterson. Graham was recruited by the State of Illinois where he tested cattle for tuberculosis and brucellosis. Later he established a veterinary practice for large and small animals.
Subsequently, Graham studied at the University of California, Berkeley, and received his Masters in Public Health (MPH) degree. Berkeley at the time was a hotbed of activity in arbovirus and zoonosis research, led by Karl F. Meyer, William Hammon and William Reeves. Graham first worked for the California Department of Public Health but soon had the opportunity to join the research team of Rockefeller Foundation. He was assigned to the Rockefeller Virus Laboratory in Ibadan, Nigeria, the last of the famous field laboratories exploring virus diseases of humans and animals, under the direction of Ottis and Calista Causey. By this time the family had grown to include 4 children. Barry age 14, Marne 9, Brenda 2 ½ and 5 week old Kristen. Graham made many contributions to virus research, most notably in the area of rabies-related viruses of insectivores and bats, arenaviruses (Lassa fever), yellow fever, and a variety of tick-borne arboviruses.
When the Rockefeller overseas virus labs closed (1972), Graham joined the staff of the Dengue Branch of the Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where he worked on dengue fever epidemiology. In 1975 he transferred to the Division’s headquarters in Fort Collins, Colorado, where he worked until his retirement.
Graham was a quintessential student of the natural history of disease. He understood the complex interplay of virus vector and human and animal host, the environment in which transmission occurred, and the methods necessary to study diseases in the setting in which they occurred. He was a dedicated team player, a warm friend to numerous scientists across the globe, an organized and meticulous scientist, and a strong supporter of One Health.
Graham is survived by Peggy, his wife of 62 years, son Barry and wife Paula of Chico, California, daughter Marne of British Columbia Canada and her 4 children, Misha who resides in Shanghai, China with his wife Rainey; Levi, Shaena and Cierra who reside in British Columbia. Daughter, Brenda and her 4 children, Leela, Summer, Annika and Zoey all reside in Chico, CA. Kristen and her husband Alan reside in Fort Collins, Co. Alan's daughter Amanda resides in Los Angeles, CA. and Kristen has two children, Tom who resides in Los Osos, CA. with his wife Liz and their son, Julian as well as Kristen's daughter, Michelle who resides in Sacramento, CA.
|“Two new tools… designed to advance One Health …” -- Wildlife Health Reporting Tools May Help Prevent Human Illness Released - Friday, October 29, 2010
“Two new tools… designed to advance One Health …”
Wildlife Health Reporting Tools May Help Prevent Human Illness Released: 10/25/2010 9:00:00 AM
Two new tools that enable the public to report sick or dead wild animals could also lead to the detection and containment of wildlife disease outbreaks that may pose a health risk to people.
The Wildlife Health Event Reporter (WHER) is a new website that enables anyone with an Internet connection to report sightings of sick or dead wildlife.
HealthMap.org has enhanced its mobile phone application “Outbreaks Near Me” to accept and relay wildlife health reports to the WHER site. The application continues to accept reports of human illness. …
… Both the WHER and “Outbreaks Near Me” are designed to advance One Health, a worldwide initiative to expand interdisciplinary collaborations and communications in all aspects of health care for humans, animals, and the environment. …
Please read entire press release: http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=2618&from=rss_home
Information provided to the One Health Initiative website by:
F. Joshua Dein, VMD, MS
NBII Wildife Disease Information Node
USGS National Wildlife Health Center
UW Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
P: +1.608.729.5919 F:+1.608.270.2415
Wildlife Health Event Reporter
Wildlife Disease News Digest
Global Wildlife Disease News Map
WDIN News Feeds
|One Health website launched for “The Yale Human Animal Medicine Project”: a center for "One Health" studies at Yale - Thursday, October 28, 2010
One Health website launched for “The Yale Human Animal Medicine Project”: a center for "One Health" studies at Yale
The One Health Initiative website has been notified on October 26, 2010 by physician, Peter Rabinowitz, MD, MPH about a valuable new One Health project and website launched at Yale.
Please see http://tools.medicine.yale.edu/humananimalmedicine/index.html
“Recent events have highlighted the convergence and interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health. Recent examples include:
· the 2009 global pandemic of novel H1N1 influenza A,
· melamine poisonings in pets and infants,
· harmful algae blooms affecting marine and terrestrial animals and humans,
· the concurrent obesity epidemic in both humans and dogs and cats in the U.S.
The Yale Human Animal Medicine Project is working to pioneer useful clinical approaches to these problems and build bridges between human, animal, and environmental health using a comparative “One Health” approach.” …
For further information, contact founder and director,
Dr. Peter Rabinowitz:
(203) 785-4197 - Office
(203) 785-4197 - Clinic
(203) 785-7391 - Fax
Email address: email@example.com
Location - Patient Care
Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine
135 College Street 392, 3rd Floor
New Haven, CT 06510
Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine
135 College Street
New Haven, CT 06510
Note: Dr. Rabinowitz, prominent American public health physician at Yale Medical School and Dr. Lisa Conti [DVM, MPH], notable American public health veterinarian and director of environmental health at the Florida State Health Department (USA), published a groundbreaking ‘first of its kind’ One Health book December 18, 2009 entitled Human-Animal Medicine – Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and other Shared Health Risks http://www.us.elsevierhealth.com/product.jsp?isbn=9781416068372
|One Health Newsletter Fall Issue now online – October 28, 2010 - Thursday, October 28, 2010
One Health Newsletter Fall Issue now online – October 28, 2010
A product of the Florida Department of Health (USA), Division of Environmental Health
Editor: Mary Echols, DVM, MPH
|U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) One Health Office Launches Historic ONE HEALTH Website - Tuesday, October 26, 2010
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) One Health Office Launches Historic ONE HEALTH Website
The One Health Initiative website was notified October 25, 2010 that the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) office of One Health has launched their new ONE HEALTH website:
Please see the website’s related links at http://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/related.html
The One Health movement has expanded exponentially in the U.S. and globally during these last few years. The CDC’s new Office of One Health and their One Health website represent an important and significant historic landmark of recognition for the public health community.
The CDC (http://www.cdc.gov/) has long been recognized as the premier public health agency of the U.S. government.
“For over 60 years, CDC has been dedicated to protecting health and promoting quality of life through the prevention and control of disease, injury, and disability. We are committed to programs that reduce the health and economic consequences of the leading causes of death and disability, thereby ensuring a long, productive, healthy life for all people.”
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO 800-232-4636 TTY: (888) 232-6348 24 Hours/Every Day - firstname.lastname@example.org
The current CDC Director is Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH. Dr. Frieden took the helm as director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and administrator of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry on June 8, 2009.
The One Health Initiative website’s pro bono, autonomous team of Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, Bruce Kaplan, DVM, Thomas P. Monath, MD, and Jack Woodall, PhD applauds this One Health advancement.
Notification provided by:
Alison Laing, MPH
ORISE Fellow, One Health Office
Division of High-Consequence Pathogens & Pathology
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Road, MS A-30
Atlanta, Georgia 30333
Addendum (October 27, 2010):
Joan Hendricks, VMD, PhD, Dean, University of Pennsylvania’s School of Veterinary Medicine (one of the earliest institutions in the U.S. to recognize the enormous value of One Health principles) wisely pointed out to the One Health Initiative website that it should be noted that there are many past, current and potential future interdisciplinary professions co-equally important to the advancement of One Health. In addition to physicians, veterinarians, and health scientists, Dr. Hendricks correctly recognizes the significance of including osteopaths, nurses, dentists and other allied health professionals.
| “The global eradication of rinderpest and its significance for “One World, One Health” - Friday, October 22, 2010
The following is a preview abstract of a “Rinderpest” presentation to be given by Dr. Paul Gibbs at:
The One Health Initiative Symposium: Vaccination of Animals for Prevention and Control of Zoonotic Diseases
American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene – 59th Annual Meeting - www.astmh.org
November 3-7, 2010
Marriott Atlanta Marquis Hotel
Atlanta, Georgia (USA)
A symposium organized jointly by members of the ASTMH and the Society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine (STVM) http://www.soctropvetmed.org/ deals with the broad subject of One Health.
Marriott – Room A704, Thursday, November 4, 2010, 3:45 p.m. – 5:30 p.m.
The Symposium focuses on vaccines, considered the most cost effective means of disease prevention. The role of vaccines in preventing the spread of disease from animals to humans will be explored. Speakers will address examples where vaccination in animal species (livestock, poultry and wildlife) for zoonotic disease agents is used or could be used in order to reduce the risk of human disease.
Specific examples are drawn from important human diseases cause by viral agents of animals. Speakers will address the potential for additional impact on disease risk reduction for selected vaccine-preventable diseases as well as opportunities for vaccine interventions.
Recognition of the Global Eradication of Rinderpest
“The global eradication of rinderpest and its significance for “One World, One Health”
Rinderpest has been known for many millennia, and, wherever it occurred, it has been the most dreaded animal disease, strongly affecting livestock, rural livelihoods and food security. It is an acute, highly contagious, viral disease of cattle, domesticated buffalo and some species of wildlife. At one time, epidemics of rinderpest occurred regularly in Eurasia. In 1889, cattle shipped from India carried the rinderpest virus to Africa, causing an epidemic that established the virus on the continent. Initially, approximately 90% of the cattle in sub-Saharan Africa and many sheep and goats died. Wild buffalo, giraffe and wildebeest populations were decimated. The loss of plow animals, herds, and hunting resulted in mass starvation, killing an estimated third of the human population in Ethiopia and two-thirds of the Maasai people of Tanzania. The reduction in the number of grazing animals also allowed thickets to form in grasslands. These thickets provided breeding grounds for tsetse flies, resulting in an outbreak of sleeping sickness in humans. Some consider this epidemic to have been the most catastrophic natural disaster ever to affect Africa.
In 1994, the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme (GREP) was launched with FAO spearheading an initiative to consolidate gains in rinderpest control and to move towards disease eradication. In close association with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), GREP was conceived as an international coordination mechanism to promote the global eradication of rinderpest and verification of rinderpest freedom. From the outset, this ambitious initiative set its goal for global rinderpest eradication by 2010. This is the second time that a disease has been eradicated worldwide after smallpox in humans. As with *smallpox, the eradication of rinderpest was based on the use of vaccination. In some countries, rinderpest vaccination created opportunities for “One Health” teams to operate in the villages thereby increasing the vaccination rate of children.
The eradication of rinderpest was accomplished by a world-wide commitment and support to:
1. establish the geographical distribution and epidemiology of the disease;
2. contain rinderpest within the infected eco-systems;
3. eliminate reservoirs of infection through rigorous early detection, reporting and response systems.
Once evidence accumulated that the virus had apparently been eradicated, activities progressively focused on establishing surveillance systems to prove the absence of the disease. This model emphasizes the basic requirements that are needed for effective disease prevention, control and elimination, and validates the importance of sustainable programs to address current and future infectious disease threats under the umbrella of “One Health”.
See http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/46383/icode/ for more information.
Paul Gibbs, BVSc, PhD, FRCVS, University of Florida, Tammy Beckham, DVM, PhD, Texas A&M University, and Karen Becker, DVM, MPH, Senior Animal Health Advisor, USAID and USDA
Dr. Paul Gibbs
Associate Dean for Students and Instruction
Professor of Virology
Office for Students and Instruction Suite V1-100
College of Veterinary Medicine
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
E-mail email@example.com Office Tel 1-352-294-4272 Desk Tel 1-352-294-4233 Mobile Tel 1-352-339-3650
ONE HEALTH (One Medicine) Supporter
D.A.Henderson, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine and Public Health, University of Pittsburgh. Resident Scholar, Center for Biosecurity, U. of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
Johns Hopkins University Distinguished Service Professor. Dean Emeritus, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Pier IV Building, Suite 210, Baltimore,
*April 22, 2007 Dr. D. A. Henderson, legendary leader of the worldwide smallpox eradication program.
“I thank you for your email and congratulate you and your colleagues in promoting the "One Medicine" concept. It is an initiative that is long overdue but, at the same time, I don't personally identify dramatic solutions that are apt to change the landscape in the short term. I would note that when one has had the good fortune to have enjoyed the tutelage of Jim Steele [DVM, MPH] during my tenure at CDC and periodically ever since, as a friend, the one medicine concept becomes well engrained. Indeed, when I came to Hopkins as Dean in 1977, I cast about to determine how we might link up with a veterinary school for research and educational purposes. Unfortunately, geography was simply too great a hurdle to overcome.
Bottom line: I would be more than happy to do whatever I could in support of your efforts.”
|One Health History Study Award Granted To London Imperial College (UK) from Wellcome Trust - Wednesday, October 20, 2010
One Health History Study Award Granted To London Imperial College (UK) from Wellcome Trust
“The Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine at Imperial
College London, England, has won a prestigious, 5-year award from the
Wellcome Trust to study the history of One Health. Worth over £0.5m
[over $792,000 at current U.S. dollar exchange rate], it
will involve five researchers working over a five year period. The project
will be led by Dr. Abigail Woods, senior lecturer in medical history and a
qualified veterinary surgeon.
While the importance of a One Health approach to human and animal disease
is now widely recognised, its application is not always straightforward.
History will be used to help explain this situation.
During the late 19th century golden age, scientists like Virchow, Pasteur,
Theobald Smith and John McFadyean straddled the human-animal divide and
made significant breakthroughs. Subsequently, however, barriers developed
between human and animal health, preventing the pursuit of One Health. The
circumstances under which these barriers developed are not fully
understood. Moreover, the barriers were not universal: in certain times and
places, animal and human diseases were investigated together.
By studying the history of research into human and animal disease, in Western Europe
and North America, from 1850 to the present day, our programme of research
will examine the social, political, economic and scientific factors that
both impeded - and in some cases, enabled - a One Health approach. It is
hoped that the findings will help the One Health initiative's efforts to
forge closer collaborations between physicians, veterinarians and other
health professionals, while also providing new insights into the history of
human and animal health.”
Information provided October 19, 2010 by:
Abigail Woods, MA, MSc, VetMB, PhD, MRCVS
Senior lecturer in the history of medicine
Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Imperial College London
South Kensington Campus
London SW7 2AZ (UK)
E-mail inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org