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Establishment of ‘Laboratory of Comparative & Veterinary Virology’ at new Centre for Virus Research at University of Glasgow, Scotland (UK) - Monday, July 05, 2010

Wellcome Trust & Wolfson Foundation Funds Establishment of ‘Laboratory of Comparative & Veterinary Virology’ at new Centre for Virus Research at University of Glasgow, Scotland (UK)

 

 

Prof. Massimo Palmarini, DVM, PhD, Director of the Medical Research Centre, University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research notified the One Health Initiative website team today (July 5, 2010)—please see letter posted on Publications page—that Wellcome Trust & Wolfson Foundation has provided funds, £4.8 million, for the establishment of a ‘Laboratory of Comparative & Veterinary Virology’ within the new Centre for Virus Research at University of Glasgow, Scotland (UK). 

 

Dr. Palmarini is a longtime One Health supporter and has collaborated with members of the One Health Initiative website for nearly four years.  The One Health Initiative team was honored to provide a letter of support that was included in the application for this grant.  Dr. Palmarini will assume directorship of the Centre on August 1, 2010. 

 

The One Health Initiative team congratulates Dr. Palmarini and his associates and extends our best wishes for success!

 

 


One Health Submissions Welcomed for Posting... - Sunday, July 04, 2010

NOTICE (July 5, 2010):

 The One Health Initiative Website Welcomes …

 Worldwide One Health Submissions for Posting on:

·                         One Health News page

·                         Publications page

·                         Upcoming Events page

Comments and suggestions also appreciated...

 Please send to kkm@onehealthinitiative.com c/o Contents Manager

Bottom line of One Health Implementation:

Untold millions of lives will be protected and/or saved in our generation and those to come!


Praecipio International Team Endorses One Health - June 30, 2010 - Thursday, July 01, 2010

Praecipio International Team Endorses One Health

 In a June 30, 2010 message to the One Health Initiative website team, *physician director and co-founder of Praecipio International             

http://praecipiointernational.org/ and http://praecipiointernational.org/?page_id=852, James M. Wilson V, MD endorsed One Health and wrote:

 

One Health has the full support of our team at Praecipio and an open offer to its entire community for access to The Praedico social network (it's free).  The Praedico is where we share analytic insight and experience, share live event information, and (most importantly) get to know each other socially as an online community of interest.  It's free with no commercial interests.  We stood it up to enable deeper conversation to occur among those not necessarily comfortable with attribution.  It was created two days ago, the result of many social experiments using other social networking platforms such as Google groups and LinkedIn.  We have found Ning to work simply enough and encourage everyone in One Health to join.”  

 “Praecipio International is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to providing information on disruption caused by infectious disease events in order to promote well-informed social and economic decisions.  Praecipio International works to enhance and improve international public health and security against biological threats by stimulating collaboration within and offering education to the international, multi-disciplinary humanitarian community.  Praecipio International created the first comprehensive, operational infectious disease forecasting and early warning center in the world, the Haiti Epidemic Advisory System (HEAS).  Praecipio's team members provided warning of unusual respiratory disease in Mexico in April 2009 to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization, which was later recognized to be the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic.”

 Please see *Dr. Wilson’s biography at http://praecipiointernational.org/?page_id=22


Brazilian Virologist Responsible for the Isolation of Dengue fever (“breakbone fever”) Virus Dies - Wednesday, June 30, 2010

Brazilian Virologist Responsible for the Isolation of Dengue fever (“breakbone fever”) Virus Dies

 

Dr. Hermann Gonçalves Schatzmayr (1936 – June 21, 2010), was a Brazilian veterinarian, virologist and researcher of Austrian descent. He was 75 and was the head of the Department of Virology at the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC / Fiocruz) in Rio de Janeiro for 30 years.  Dr. Schatzmayr was also the president of the institution from 1990-1992 and one of the most important virologists in Brazil.  He was responsible for the isolation of dengue virus types 1, 2 and 3 in Brazil and participated in the eradication of polio and smallpox there. He was also a member of international committees of the World Health Organization (WHO) and belonged to the WHO group that monitors and evaluates research projects in progress with live smallpox virus. 

 

Provided by:

 

John (Jack) Woodall, MA, PhD, Director (retd.)
Nucleus for the Investigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases

Institute of Medical Biochemistry

Center for Health Sciences

Federal University

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


U. S. Food and Drug Administration says Antibiotics in Animals Need Limits - Tuesday, June 29, 2010

Antibiotics in Animals Need Limits, F.D.A. [U.S. Food and Drug Administration] Says

By GARDINER HARRIS  New York Times
Published: June 28, 2010

 http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/29/health/policy/29fda.html?hp

Also see WebMD:

http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/news/20100628/fda-antibiotics-in-livestock-affects-human-health?src=RSS_PUBLIC


One Health Book Reviewed Favorably in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA) -USA - Friday, June 25, 2010

One Health Book Reviewed Favorably in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA) -USA

 

*This book review has been reprinted with the permission of the American Veterinary Medical Association.  It originally appeared in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVA), 2010;236:1304-1305 [http://avmajournals.avma.org/loi/javma].  To quote from this review, please Reference the JAVMA citation.  To obtain permission to reproduce this review, please contact dfagen@avma.org.

 

This landmark One Health book was co-edited/written by a prominent physician and veterinarian, Drs. Peter M. Rabinowitz of Yale Medical School and Lisa A. Conti, DVM, MPH, director of the Florida Department of Health’s environmental health division, respectively.  It was a co-equal, collaborative production.

 

Rabinowitz and Conti assembled a representative group of outstanding scientific health leaders from the fields of medicine and veterinary medicine in this first of its kind endeavor.  The book demonstrates the critical need for co-equal interdisciplinary collaborative communications and research in the 21st century considering the exponential emergence of zoonotic disease threats and risks worldwide, not to mention the many mutually concerning clinical health care problems of humans and animals, e.g. cancer, obesity, orthopedics, cardiovascular, metabolic and others.

 

Note: The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) is one of the leading health organizations supporting the national and international One Health movement in conjunction with the American Medical Association (AMA), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United States Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS), the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH), American Public Health Association (APHA), and many others.

 

*Human-Animal Medicine: Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks

Reviewed by Katie Portacci, DVM, MPH, DACVPM

Oftentimes, the wide breadth of literature available on zoonotic diseases can be difficult to obtain in a clinical setting, yet veterinarians are looked on as a primary source of information for zoonotic diseases. Human-Animal Medicine: Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses, Toxicants and Other Shared Health Risks serves as a consolidated resource for a number of zoonotic and other disease risks that may be shared between humans and other animals. The book highlights the role of veterinarians in the detection of diseases that may have an impact on human, wildlife, or pet health. It also serves as a reminder that veterinarians should be aware of the diseases that are reportable and how to report to local, state, or federal authorities.

Although not a quick reference source for specific disease treatments, this book provides small animal practitioners with key talking points to improve client communication regarding shared disease risks. The legal and ethical obligations veterinarians must consider when communicating with clients or other health professionals are clearly emphasized. Guidance is also provided on standard practices to minimize zoonotic disease risks to animal health workers.

Overall, this book provides an overview on a wide range of clinical topics frequently encountered by veterinary, human, and public health professionals. It is reasonably priced and could be a useful reference for veterinarians in small animal practice to improve communication regarding shared human and animal health risks or for veterinarians and veterinary students actively engaged in public health.—By Peter M. Rabinowitz & Lisa A. Conti. 412 pages; illustrated. Wiley-Blackwell, 2121 State Ave, Ames, IA 50014. ISBN 978-1-4160-6837-2. 2010. Price $99.95.


20th Century Public Health Leader and unheralded early One Health Practitioner Dies - Wednesday, June 23, 2010

20th Century Public Health Leader and unheralded early One Health Practitioner Dies

 

June 23, 2010

 

The One Health Initiative website recently became aware of the death of Oscar Sussman, DVM, MPH, JD on March 25, 2010.  He was 92 years old.

 

In an obituary published online, Dr. Sussman was noted for his “colorful career in public health with the state of New Jersey.  He believed in the public’s right to know and the government’s role to protect the public.  An award for service described him a having “a rare combination of unusual traits.”  He was also described as controversial, forceful, learned, articulate and a champion of the underdog. He was an early advocate of preventive health care. [those of us who knew him recognized and appreciated the validity of these words in a positive sense] In 1962, he went to Egypt on a Fulbright professorship.  In 1966, he was a World Health Organization (WHO) consultant to Brazil.  He retired in 1978, as Director of Consumer Health Services for NJ. …”

Dr. Sussman was a masterful inspiring model in his use of collaborative interdisciplinary “One Health” principles (formerly referred to as “One Medicine”).  He successfully collaborated with numerous outstanding historic public health and research figures including Richard Shope, MD of ‘Shope papilloma virus fame’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shope_papilloma_virus, James H. Steele, DVM, MPH, the founder of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) veterinary public health division http://www.amazon.com/One-Man-Medicine-Health-Steele/dp/1439240043, and Martin Goldfield, MD, the former director of laboratories for the New Jersey State Department of Health.   Drs. Goldfield and Sussman did landmark research on the epidemiology of arboviruses (e.g., eastern and western encephalitis) in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s).  Dr. Sussman participated in many other public health issues of the era http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=pubmed&term=SUSSMAN%20O%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50. 

 

Notably, Dr. Sussman and his family were close personal friends with Calvin Schwabe, DVM, ScD, the public health expert and parasitologist who championed and coined the term “one medicine” http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/onehealth/about/schwabe.cfm.   Dr. Schwabe was a member of the faculty of the University of California, Davis, Ca School of Veterinary Medicine and also was one of eight founding faculty of the School of Medicine (USA). The Calvin Schwabe One Health Project is a significant part of the UC Davis One Health Institute http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ohi/.

 


Important 4th Edition Book Published with One Health Implications - Monday, June 21, 2010

Important 4th Edition Book Published with One Health Implications

 

http://www.amazon.com/Pathogenesis-Bacterial-Infections-Animals-Carlton/dp/0813812372/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1277135164&sr=1-2

 

The Fourth Edition of "Pathogenesis of Bacterial Infections in Animals" captures the rapid developments in understanding the mechanisms of virulence of the major bacterial pathogens affecting animals. Now including a color plate section, the new edition has added emphasis on bacterial evasion of the immune system, overarching themes in pathogenesis, and the contributions of pathogenomics and newer approaches. 

 

As in the previous editions, the core of the book presents both an overview of pathogenesis of important bacterial infections of animals, including relevant events that occur in the herd or flock and its environment, and in-depth analysis of actions taking place at the cellular and molecular levels. With contributions from 74 experts in the field, this book serves as a remarkable resource for veterinary and medical microbiologists, immunologists, and pathologists, as well as graduate students in veterinary medicine and animal science.

 

Key Features:

 

·          Contributions from 74 experts in the field capture the rapid developments in understanding the mechanisms of virulence of the major bacterial pathogens of animals.

·          Includes a color plate section.

·          Presents both the overview of pathogenesis, including relevant events that occur in the herd or flock and its environment, and actions taking place at the cellular and molecular levels.

·          Serves as a valuable reference for veterinary and medical microbiologists, immunologists, and pathologists, as well as graduate students in veterinary medicine and animal science.

 

The Editors:

Carlton L. Gyles, DVM, MSc, PhD, FCAHS, is Professor of veterinary microbiology at Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

John F. Prescott, MA, Vet MB, PhD, FCAHS, is Professor of veterinary microbiology at Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

J. Glenn Songer, PhD, is Professor of veterinary microbiology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Charles O. Thoen, DVM, PhD, is Professor of veterinary microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

 


New One Health Course Launched – University of California Global Health Institute (USA) – April 2010 - Saturday, June 05, 2010

“One Health in ACTION”

 

New One Health Course Launched – University of California Global Health Institute (USA) – April 2010

 

The One Health Center of expertise was launched as part of the University of California Global Health Institute in November 2009 (http://www.ucghi.universityofcalifornia.edu/). In April, One Health Center faculty at UC Davis and UC Riverside launched a two-credit course on One Health that was co-taught by Michael S. Wilkes, MD (UCD Medical School) and Co-Directors of the Center Patricia A. Conrad, DVM, PhD and Anil Deolalikar, PhD. Both students and faculty in the course represented the unique transdisciplinary focus of the One Health approach to global health. Teleconferencing technology was utilized in the biweekly two-hour sessions to link the six medical students and residents at the UC Davis Medical Center in Sacramento with the nine graduate students at each of the main campuses in Davis and Riverside. 

 

The graduate students enrolled in the course at UC Davis came from International and Community Nutrition, International Agricultural Development, the Center for Health & the Environment, and the School of Veterinary Medicine. At UC Riverside, the graduate students were drawn from the Departments of Entomology, Environmental Sciences, and Cell, Molecular and Developmental Biology, and Sociology. Similarly, the faculty who participated from all three sites came from diverse disciplines, including economics, microbiology, epidemiology, medical ethics, environmental engineering, nutrition, medicine, environmental public health, and parasitology.

 

The overall goal of the course was to introduce students to the core concepts involved in One Health, particularly the promotion of an integrated transdisciplinary approach to global health problems. Students learned how the health of humans, animals and the ecosystems they share are closely linked. Each session focused on real case problems ranging from water scarcity, waterborne disease and watershed management in Tanzania and Kenya, tsetse fly control in Ethiopia, and zoonotic disease transmission in California. In addition, students were exposed to techniques of cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis of global health interventions.

 

Students worked in small break-out groups to brain storm about problems and identify solutions to One Health iterative cases.  These were then shared with the entire group of faculty and students via the teleconference systems with audio and video capabilities.

 

Laurie Harris, DVM, one of the veterinary medical graduate students in the class led a One Health case discussion based on her graduate work on the health of the mountain gorillas and neighboring human communities in Rwanda. Afterwards Laurie commented, "Leading a One Health discussion was a fun way to share ideas and, thanks to the help of my colleagues, to think more deeply about the interdisciplinary nature and effectiveness of my own research."

 

Provided June 4, 2010 by the author:

 

Patricia A. Conrad, DVM, PhD

Co-director for the new One Health Center of Expertise

Professor, Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology
5311 Vet Med 3A
School of Veterinary Medicine
University of California
Davis, CA 95616

http://faculty.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/faculty/paconrad/

and

 

Cheryl Scott, RN, DVM, MPVM

Calvin Schwabe One Health Project

Program Director

UCDavis School of Veterinary Medicine

Deans Office Surge IV

RM 119

http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/onehealth/

 


Favorable Book Review for One Health Activist Author - U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) Journal - June 2010 - Friday, June 04, 2010

U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) journal recently published a favorable review of the book:

Who's in Charge? Leadership during Epidemics, Bioterror Attacks, and Other Public Health Crises

By Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP
Praeger Security International, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, 2009
ISBN 978-0275994853
Pages: 236; Price: US $49.95

It appeared in the June 2010 issue of the journal.

See  http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/16/6/1050b.htm

 

Dr. Kahn is an internationally known One Health expert and advocate.  She also is a member of the One Health Initiative website team: Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, Bruce Kaplan, DVM, Thomas P. Monath, MD and Jack Woodall PhD.


 
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