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One Health Initiative Unites Human and Veterinary Medicine - Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Humanitarian Resource Center - http://www.unarts.org/news/onehealth_2222010.html

 

Provided to One Health Initiative website by: Stephen Michael Apatow, Founder

 23 February 2010

Humanitarian Resource Institute
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Pathobiologics International:
Url: www.pathobiologics.org

One Health Initiative Unites Human and Veterinary Medicine


by Stephen Michael Apatow: Founder, Humanitarian Resource Institute, United Nations Arts Initiative, Pathobiologics International. [1]

In 2006, Los Alamos National Labs sponsored the Future of Biodetection Systems Workshop to bring together industry, academia, national labs, and federal agency personnel in an interactive process, to develop a roadmap for research and development investment in biodetection.  The focus of the program was emerging infectious diseases and the keynote address "DNA-based Detection Technologies" [2] targeted the need for collaboration of human and veterinary medicine as we confronted the global infectious disease threat:

New and reemerging infectious diseases will pose a rising global health threat and will complicate US and global security over the next 20 years. These diseases will endanger US citizens at home and abroad, threaten US armed forces deployed overseas, and exacerbate social and political instability in key countries and regions in which the United States has significant interests. -- The Global Infectious Disease Threat and Its Implications for the United States: National Intelligence Council, January 2000. [3]

Today, 10 years into the NIC projection, the world is in the midst of the early waves [4] of a WHO Level 6 Pandemic [5] in conjunction with an international economic emergency. [6]  Physicians, veterinarians and scientists privileged with access to genomic maps of high consequence pathogens, [7] comprehend the meaning of world trade and travel being shut down for 12-24 months, by an outbreak that can spread across the globe in a 24-48 hours via air travel. [8,9]

Today, the "One Health Initiative," is a movement to forge co-equal, all inclusive collaborations between physicians, veterinarians, and other scientific-health related disciplines, has been endorsed by various major medical organizations and health agencies, including the American Veterinary Medical Association, the American Medical Association, the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, the American Society for Microbiology and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Additionally, more than 400 prominent scientists, physicians and veterinarians worldwide have endorsed the initiative. On the web:

One Health Initiative
Url: www.onehealthinitiative.com
Twitter: OneHealthNews


References:

1.Stephen Michael Apatow: Founder: Humanitarian Resource Institute, United Nations Arts Initiative, Pathobiologics International. Url: www.apatow.org
2. DNA Based Detection Technologies: Keynote: Stephen M. Apatow, Future of Biodetection Systems Workshop, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Url: http://www.pathobiologics.org/btac/lanl/bioscience/ref/SMABDS_Final.pdf
3. The Global Infectious Disease Threat and Its Implications for the United States: National Intelligence Council, January 2000. Url: http://www.dni.gov/nic/special_globalinfectious.html
4. 1918 influenza: the mother of all pandemics: Taubenberger JK, Morens DM., Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jan. Url:  http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no01/05-0979.htm
5. Current WHO phase of pandemic alert: World Health Organization. Url: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/phase/en/index.html
6. IBAHRI: Government Debt: Default Projections: Humanitarian Resource Institute, 18 February 2010. Includes IBAHRI: G-192: Scope of Global Debt Crisis in Focus: Humanitarian Resource Institute, 10 February 2010. Url: http://www.unarts.org/news/ibahri_2102010.html
7. Bioinformatics: Pathological Diagnostics. Humanitarian Resource Institute, Pathobiologics International. Url: http://www.humanitarian.net/biodefense/bioinformatics/
8. SARS Down But Still a Threat: National Intelligence Council, Intelligence Community Assessment, August 2003. Url: http://www.humanitarian.net/law/ref/sars_nic82003.pdf
9. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Biodefense and Epidemiological Tracking: Humanitarian Resource Institute, Pathobiologics International. Url: http://www.humanitarian.net/biodefense/sars_biodefense.html

 


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Kansas State University receives $12M for zoonotic and animal disease research - Monday, February 22, 2010

Kansas State University receives $12M for zoonotic and animal disease research

 

Friday, February 19, 2010  |  Modified: Monday, February 22, 2010

Kansas City Business Journal

http://kansascity.bizjournals.com/kansascity/stories/2010/02/15/daily52.html


Study Demonstrates Evolutionary Link between Plants and Humans - Saturday, February 20, 2010

Study Demonstrates Evolutionary Link between Plants and Humans

 

Crop Biotech Update – February 19, 2010

 

http://www.isaaa.org/kc/cropbiotechupdate/article/default.asp?ID=5467

“By demonstrating that a human protein important in cancer development can revive dying plants, researchers at Purdue University have shown an evolutionary link between plants and humans. The aminopeptidase M1 protein, or APM1, is critical for root development in plants. Arabidopsis plants lacking the protein will die, but can be rescued if the protein is restored. The Purdue researchers found that inserting a similar protein found in humans, called insulin responsive aminopeptidase, or IRAP, also rescued the plants.

"APM1 and IRAP are in the same group," said Wendy Peer, leader of the study. "M1 aminopeptidase activity is such a fundamental process that it's been conserved evolutionarily. This protein has changed very little over time." Peer noted that the finding could advance the understanding of this class of proteins because it might make it possible to conduct studies with plants instead of animals, offering researchers more control and options. Humans with altered function of the equivalent proteins often have leukemia or other cancers.”

The paper published by Plant Physiology is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.109.148742 Read http://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/research/2010/100215PeerProtein.html for more information.


Dolphin "Diabetes" Could Be Important Model for Humans - Friday, February 19, 2010

Science Now 

Dolphin "Diabetes" Could Be Important Model for Humans

by Erik Stokstad on February 18, 2010 8:21 PM

 

http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2010/02/dolphin-diabetes-could-be-import.html


European Commission (EC) wants update on Q fever increase in humans - Wednesday, February 17, 2010

European Commission (EC) wants update on Q fever increase in humans

"European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) asked by EC to provide urgent scientific advice to inform possible European Union (EU) risk management measures with regards to human Q fever cases."

 

//15 Feb 2010

 

Vetsweb.com News item

 http://www.vetsweb.com/news/ec-wants-update-on-q-fever-increase-in-humans-892.html


Please take our short online One Health Initiative survey... - Monday, February 08, 2010

:: PLEASE TAKE OUR [Short] ONLINE SURVEY ::  SEE OPENING PAGE OF One Health Initiative website.

Thank you!


ONE HEALTH: Implications for Animal Agriculture - National Institute of Animal Agriculture (NIAA) 2010 Annual Meeting – March 15 -17, 2010 - Thursday, February 04, 2010

National Institute of Animal Agriculture (NIAA) 2010 Annual Meeting – March 15 -17, 2010

 

http://www.animalagriculture.org/Solutions/Annual%20Meeting/2010/Home.html

 

ONE HEALTH: Implications for Animal Agriculture

Learn more about the One Health Initiative...

“The One Health concept is a worldwide strategy for expanding interdisciplinary collaborations and communications in all aspects of health care for humans and animals:  but what will it mean for animal agriculture?

The 2010 NIAA Annual Meeting will focus on the One Health Initiative and, through its general session and committee meetings, will explore how the initiative may impact the various species and segments within production animal agriculture and animal health management.”


Princeton University to Offer ‘First Ever’ Undergraduate One Health Course Tuesday, February 2, 2010 - Sunday, January 31, 2010

 

Princeton University to Offer ‘First Ever’ Undergraduate One Health Course Tuesday, February 2, 2010

 

Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP will begin teaching the first known undergraduate course in “One Health” offered at any major university in the United States (or elsewhere in the world) beginning February 2, 2010.  The course website includes extensive links to reference websites, pertinent publications, reading assignments, and much else:

 

http://www.princeton.edu/~lkahn/Site/When_Cows_Go_Crazy.html 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Kahn is a recognized internationally known expert on the One Health concept having published numerous articles on the subject in several professional journals and newspapers.  She recently co-authored the introductory chapter to a groundbreaking One Health textbook entitled “Human-Animal Medicine - Clinical Approaches to Zoonoses and Other Shared Health Risks.” In addition, Dr. Kahn is a sought after speaker and has given many public speaking presentations on the subject.

 

Dr. Kahn is currently a Research Scholar in the Program on Science and Global Security at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey (USA).  She is a member of the One Health team that manages the autonomous pro bono One Health Initiative website http://www.onehealthinitiative.com.


ProMED-mail and ONE HEALTH - Friday, January 22, 2010

 

Reprinted from One Health Newsletter Winter Issue, January 2010

http://www.doh.state.fl.us/Environment/medicine/One_Health/OHNLWinter2010.pdf

ProMED-mail and ONE HEALTH

 By Jack Woodall, PhD, Lawrence C. Madoff, MD, Alison Bodenheimer, MPH*, Peter Cowen, DVM, MPVM, PhD, Dipl. AVES (Hon), Thanis Damrongwatanapokin, DVM, PhD, Fabian Ekue, DVM, MSc, PhD, Tam Garland, DVM, PhD, D.ABVT, Martin Hugh-Jones, VetMB, MPH, PhD, FACE, MRCVS, Arnon Shimshony, DVM, Tom Yuill, PhD

 

“ProMED-mail since its inception, has espoused the “One Health” concept.”

 

    ProMED’s beginnings date back to 1993, when, due to the spread of HIV and a renewed threat of biological warfare, many were beginning to recognize the growing role emerging infectious diseases play in global health. At the same time, the internet was enjoying increased interest and attention, finally being shared by the general public rather than exclusively a research tool among scientists. From these fortuitous trends was born ProMED, the Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases. ProMED was founded by Dr. Stephen Morse, then of Rockefeller University, Dr. Barbara Rosenberg of the State University of New York at Purchase, and Dr. Jack Woodall, then of the New York State Department of Health. Since its inception, ProMED has covered the emergence of infectious diseases and acute exposure to toxins in humans, domestic, wild and captive animals, and crop plants. Thus, ProMED-mail adopted a “One Health” focus well before the recent widespread acceptance of the concept by the wider biomedical community.   ProMED’s founding focus on the emergence of new diseases anywhere in the world and in any species made the choice of an integrated “One Health” approach covering humans, animals and plants an obvious one.  After all, a “One Health” methodology is the only way to accurately report what is happening in the world of emerging disease and to alert people to the spread of new diseases that may affect them directly or put human or animal food crop supplies at risk. 


            ProMED-mail is a web- and e-mail-based reporting system dedicated to rapid global dissemination of information on outbreaks of infectious diseases and acute exposures to toxins that affect human health, including those in animals and in plants grown for food or animal feed. Electronic communications enable ProMED-mail to provide up-to-date and reliable news about threats to human, animal, and food plant health around the world, seven days a week. By providing early warning of outbreaks of emerging and re-emerging diseases, public health precautions at all levels can be taken in a timely manner to mitigate epidemic transmission and to save lives.

            ProMED is open to all sources and free of political constraints. Sources of information include media reports, official reports, online summaries, local observers, and others. Reports are often contributed by ProMED subscribers. A team of expert human, plant, and animal disease moderators screen, review, investigate the reports and add explanatory notes, evaluations and background information before posting them to the network. Reports are distributed by email to direct subscribers and posted immediately on the ProMED website. ProMED-mail currently reaches over 55,000 subscribers in at least 185 countries.

           A central purpose of ProMED is to promote communication amongst the international infectious disease community, including scientists, physicians, veterinarians, epidemiologists, public health professionals, and others interested in infectious diseases on a global scale. ProMED encourages subscribers to participate in discussions on infectious disease concerns, to respond to requests for information, and to collaborate together in outbreak investigations and prevention efforts. ProMED also welcomes the participation of interested persons outside of the health and biomedical professions. 

            ProMED has several regional networks in multiple languages, including Portuguese (ProMED-PORT) and Spanish (ProMED-ESP). Both of these lists cover disease news and topics relevant to Portuguese and Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and elsewhere. ProMED-RUS offers Russian-language reports relevant to Russia and the independent states of the former Soviet Union. PRO/MBDS posts reports in English on six countries in Southeast Asia bordering the Mekong River. Under a recent grant from Google.org, ProMED is working to enlarge our networks in Francophone Africa (ProMED-FRA) posted in French, and East Africa (ProMED-EAFR) posted in English, as well as to improve the multilingual capacity of PRO/MBDS. ProMED is partnering with HealthMap on this project. This collaboration has already resulted in some exciting new visuals for ProMED, including our shared interactive map which plots ProMED disease reports on HealthMap, and a more user-friendly design for the youngest ProMED regional network, ProMED-EAFR based in East Africa.

 

Since October 1999, ProMED has operated as an official program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID), a nonprofit professional organization with 20,000 members worldwide. ISID fully espouses the One Health concept and promotes a synergistic approach to health in its conference programs and its International Journal of Infectious Diseases. ISID’s next International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID, March 9-12, 2010 in Miami) and International Meeting on Emerging Diseases (IMED, February 4-7, 2011 in Vienna) will continue to provide fora for discussing new research findings and global trends in animal, human, and food plant health.

 

            Following the launch of ProMED-EAFR in June of 2009, ProMED and HealthMap held a workshop highlighting the importance of informal sources in disease surveillance in conjunction with the Training Programs in Epidemiology and Public Health Interventions NETwork (TEPHINET) and The African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) conference held in Mombasa, Kenya in August of 2009.

 

            ProMED's focus on human, animal and food plant health fit well with the One Health theme of the conference, and attendees were very interested in the use of informal information sources such as ProMED and HealthMap as adjuncts to disease surveillance in Africa. Existing partnerships with public health, infectious disease and veterinary organizations in the region were strengthened, new connections were forged, and over 150 health professionals subscribed to the ProMED-FRA and ProMED-EAFR email lists.

 

ProMED’s commitment to one-health principles is manifest in a number of ways.  ProMED’s current staff of around 30 individuals in 16 countries includes 7 veterinarians and veterinary medical health specialists (one in Thailand, one in Cameroon, one in Israel, 4 in the USA).  We know that ProMED is widely read in the veterinary medical and veterinary public health world; nearly 20% of our 57,000 subscribers belong to the AHEAD (Animal Health and Emerging Animal Diseases) mailing list.  We recently reviewed ProMED postings from 1996 to 2004 (Cowen P, et al. Evaluation of ProMED-mail as an electronic early warning system for emerging animal diseases: 1996 to 2004. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006; 229(7): 1090-9) and found that over 10,000 reports on animal disease were posted during that interval.  Approximately 30% covered zoonotic diseases; the remainder related to animal diseases in both domestic animals and wildlife, both free and captive.

 

ProMED-mail is a part of the team that has recently been awarded the PREDICT grant from the USAID Avian and Pandemic Influenza and Zoonotic Disease Program. The team is headed by the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine and includes such influential members as the Wildlife Conservation Society, Wildlife Trust, Global Viral Forecasting Inc., Smithsonian Institute, HealthMap, Google and Veratect. Together, these highly experienced and active groups will develop global capacity to anticipate and prevent emerging infections of the future.  In addition, ProMED will participate in the USAID RESPOND initiative along with Tufts University’s Cumming’s Veterinary School, the University of Minnesota and DAI to help veterinary field epidemiologists learn to better use informal sources of emerging disease information.

ProMED-mail website: http://www.promedmail.org


Publications and Presentations by ProMED Authors
http://www.isid.org/publications/promed_mail_publications.shtml  

ProMED in the News
http://www.isid.org/publications/promed_mail_inthenews.shtml

 

Jack Woodall is a co-founder and Associate Editor of ProMED-mail, a viral epidemiologist and retired Director of the Nucleus for the Investigation of Emerging Infectious diseases, Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Center for Health Sciences at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
 
Lawrence C. Madoff is the Editor of ProMED-mail.  He is an infectious disease physician and is Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and director of the Division of Epidemiology and Immunization for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

 

Alison Bodenheimer is Project Manager of ProMED-mail and prior to joining the ProMED team worked as a Consultant for UNICEF’s Operational Research Unit.

 

Peter Cowen is Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University and ProMED-mail Assistant Animal Disease Moderator.  

 

Thanis Damrongwatanapokin is based in Bangkok, Thailand and joined the ProMED-mail team in February 2009 as Veterinary Moderator for the PRO/MBDS network.

 

Fabian Ekue is the Veterinary Moderator for ProMED-FRA, the francophone Africa network. He is Research Professor in Veterinary Medicine in the specialty of veterinary virology and has worked for the past 30 years in the Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Cameroon.

 

Tam Garland, a veterinary toxicologist, is an Animal Disease and Zoonoses Moderator for ProMED-mail.

 

Martin Hugh-Jones is Emeritus Professor, Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine; Emeritus Professor, Environmental Sciences, School of the Coast & Environment, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA; Coordinator, WHO Anthrax Working Group; ProMED Anthrax Moderator.

 

Arnon Shimshony is Animal Disease and Zoonoses Moderator for ProMED-mail and was formerly Chief Veterinary Officer of Israel  and Associate Professor at the  Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University.

 

Thomas Yuill is an Emeritus Professor of Pathobiological Sciences in the School of Veterinary Medicine and is Emeritus Director and Professor of the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.


One Health - At the Crossroads - By Ted Cohn, DVM - Reprinted from One Health Newsletter, Winter issue, January 2010 - Thursday, January 21, 2010

 

**One Health - At the Crossroads

 

Ted Cohn, DVM

 

Dr. Ted Cohn represents the District IX—(Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Utah) as an Executive Board member of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).  Dr. Cohn practices small animal and exotics veterinary medicine at University Hills Animal Hospital at 4040 E. Warren Avenue, Denver, CO  80222; Cell - 720.838.5710; Office - 303.757.5638; E-mail: tcdvm@comcast.net

 

The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AVMA and/or the AVMA Executive Board.

 

 

I first became aware of the concept of One Health during my first year as a veterinary student at the then, Tuskegee Institute. I was attending a class on the history of veterinary medicine and our instructor asked the class what the term “One Medicine” meant. He went on to describe, what is today the accepted definition of the principles of One Health, “One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally, to address critical challenges and attain optimal health for people, domestic animals, wildlife, and our environment”.

 

Since that first introduction, I have believed that every practicing veterinarian could and should play an important role in supporting this concept. Practioners must be cognizant that they are responsible to help to protect the health of not only our patients, but their owners as well. As a small animal and exotics practioner, I feel my exam room sits at the cross roads between animal and human health. I constantly remind myself that the cute new puppy in my exam room, may be a vector for Toxocara; the urban chicken flock I visit could harbor avian influenza; the pampered cat that “never goes outside, except when he escapes”, toxoplasmosis; and the pot-bellied pig, H1N1 influenza. It is my duty to not only diagnose and treat my animal patients, but also to inform their owners of the potential threat of zoonotic disease, their pets represent. Further, if I diagnose a reportable disease, then I have the responsibility to inform my state veterinarian and/or public health authorities, so that appropriate follow up actions can be carried out.

 

Our patients and their owner’s often share similar health concerns. Daily, we see pets and pet owners that are a part of the obesity epidemic affecting such a large percent of our population. We directly address the pet’s weight problem but through our communications efforts, we can also influence the pet owner to take action regarding their own disease. A public health physician owns one of my favorite patients, we have often lamented that the veterinary profession has not been more active in the fight to get people to stop smoking. If veterinarians would emphasize the negative effect that second hand smoke can have on their pets, we may help persuade people to stop smoking, an obvious health benefit for themselves as well as their animal.

 

Why have I shared these experiences? Well, not only do I see my exam room as a One Health cross roads, but also I believe the concept of One Health itself is at a critical junction. For this most worthy of efforts to succeed, it will take broad based, long-term support. It will require high-levels of co-ordination, co-operation and commitment, by both the veterinary and the human medical professions. It is imperative that we as a profession (especially at the level of organized veterinary medicine) communicate zealously with our human health care counterparts (i.e. physicians) to let them know the cooperative roles we can each play. A successful amalgamation of efforts as envisioned by One Health will enhance the quality of care for all of our patients. For the sake of our animal patients, as well as the global human population it is essential that this initiative succeed.

 

 

**This article by Dr. Cohn has also been published in the Winter issue of the One Health Newsletter January 2010 and is reprinted therefrom.     http://www.doh.state.fl.us/Environment/medicine/One_Health/OHNLWinter2010.pdf

 

                  Ted Cohn, DVM


 
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