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DUKE One Health Team News - Issue 4 July 1 2018
Sunday, July 01, 2018.

 

ISSUE 4 July 2018

 

 

Recent Publications

 

Using a One Health Approach, Duke Researchers and Collaborators in China Find Evidence for Cross-species Influenza A Transmission Within Swine Farms
By Laura Borkenhagen, MSc


In an effort to better understand the influenza A virus transmission between humans and pigs, Duke University researchers and collaborators from multiple organizations in China conducted a large prospective study of pigs, pig workers, and six pig farms. Their important work is one of the few to be conducted interdisciplinary way. It was recently published in the high impact journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.  
 

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Duke One Health Mongolian Team Identifies Potential Risk Factors for Zoonotic Disease Transmission Among Horse and Camel Herder Households

By Lexi Sack, DVM


In this pilot study, One Health D43 team 2 researchers from Duke University and The Institute of Veterinary Medicine in Mongolia conducted a survey of 131 households to determine the risk factors for transmitting zoonotic disease in households caring for horses and camels. Public health concerns may arise from using dried manure for fuel and drinking unprocessed river water.  


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Duke and University of Iowa Experts Point Out Novel Pathogen Threats Emerging from Chinese Swine Farms
By Jane Fieldhouse, MSc


In the high impact journal Lancet Infectious Diseases, Professor Gregory Gray from Duke University and Professor & former dean James Merchant from the University of Iowa College of Public Health commented upon emerging pathogens threats from China’s growing swine industry.  They argue that heightened biosafety and biosecurity measures are immediately needed to prevent future novel pathogen outbreaks.
 

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Duke One Health Activities

 

Two Duke Global Health Institute Rising Second-Year Master’s Students Conduct Fieldwork Research in Borneo Island of Malaysia for 10 Weeks

 

Juliana Zemke is conducting a surveillance of arboviruses in Sarawak, Malaysia. Arbovirus surveillance is vastly under-resourced, relying heavily on passive surveillance systems in Malaysia. The current diagnostic methods for patients presenting with dengue-like infections may misconstrue cases of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus infections, given that all three arboviruses have similar clinical manifestations. In this pilot study, Juliana aims to gather evidence to determine the prevalence of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses among patients with dengue-like infections at Sibu and Kapit hospitals. She also plans to validate the clinical value of the T-Cor 8 Real-Time PCR Thermocycler (Tetracore Inc., USA) in detecting these viruses.

 

 

 

Jessica Choi is conducting a field trail of new diagnostics help the local physicians and laboratorians in Kapit more rapidly diagnose a dangerous bacterial disease, melioidosis. The current diagnostics are limited by the time and inaccuracy. For melioidosis patients, the administration of antibiotics is critical as the bacteria causing melioidosis, Burkholderia pseudomallei, may lead to fatal conditions if left untreated. The rapid diagnostic tool developed by the University of Nevada team, which uses lateral flow immunoassay, may be a promising solution for the Kapit communities. This is the first time that this novel tool is being validated in a melioidosis-epidemic site. Jessica hopes that the new diagnostics will provide a better care for the affected individuals and that the Kapit medical team will build confidence when facing the future melioidosis patients. 

 


Survival - One Health, One Planet, One Future (Release expected Sept19 2018)
George R. Lueddeke, PhD
Sunday, July 01, 2018.

20% discount off with this flyer!

Survival

One Health, One Planet, One Future

By George R. Lueddeke, PhD

Currently expected released on 19 September, 2018

 


North Carolina researchers earn Global One Health Award
Today's Veterinary Business Magazine (press release) (blog)
Thursday, June 28, 2018.
 
North Carolina researchers earn Global One Health Award
The award, presented by the World Small Animal Veterinary Association's One Health Committee, went to Ed Breitschwerdt, DVM, DACVIM, of the ...

 


5th International One Health Congress – a reflection
BMC Blogs Network (blog)
Tuesday, June 26, 2018.

5th International One Health Congress – a reflection

One Health regards the health of humans, animals and the environment as being interconnected, so when we look at human health we must also ...

Superbugs: MEPs advocate further measures to curb use of antimicrobials [Using One Health approach]
The European Sting
Friday, June 22, 2018.
 
Superbugs: MEPs advocate further measures to curb use of antimicrobials
Diseases are transmitted from people to animals and vice versa, and that is why we support the holistic approach of the 'One Health' initiative” said ...

 


See the Gear CDC's Disease Detectives [epidemiologists] Use in the Field
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Monday, June 18, 2018.

CDC

See the Gear CDC's Disease Detectives [epidemiologists] Use in the Field


34th World Veterinary Association Congress 5-8th May 2018, Barcelona, Spain Short summary of WVA activities during WVC2018 [including reference to One Health]
Monday, June 18, 2018.

34th World Veterinary Association Congress 5-8th May 2018, Barcelona, Spain Short summary of WVA activities during WVC2018

The 34th World Veterinary Association Congress took place on 5th- 8th May 2018, in Barcelona, Spain, under the Honorary Presidency of the Spanish Royal Family. With participation of delegates from 67 countries, this new edition delivered an excellent scientific program covering different fields of veterinary medicine from innovation and research, veterinary public health to vast aspects of clinical practice.

 

The Opening Ceremony of the WVAC2018 was opened by the presidents of the College of Veterinarians of Barcelona, General Council of the Spanish Colleges of Veterinarians and the World Veterinary Association welcoming the delegates. The Opening Ceremony continued with presentations by the Secretary General of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture and Food and the Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality, Mrs. Dolors Montserrat i Montserrat. Both highlighted the importance of the One Health concept and the major role of the veterinary profession for the Spanish and European society. Those topics were also highlighted by Vytenis Andriukaitis, the EU Commissioner for Health & Food Safety who also emphasized the importance of the profession in Europe for the wellbeing of society and welfare of animals and the need for collaboration with other health professionals. ...”

 

 

 

 


5th International One Health Congress, 22-25 June 2018
One Health Platform Foundation
Monday, June 18, 2018.
5th International One Health Congress, 22-25 June 2018
The final programme of the world's premier One Health congress is now available. Registration is still possible!
World Bank One Health Operational Framework 
The World Bank has released an Operational Framework for Strengthening Human, Animal and Environmental Public Health Systems at their interface (“One Health Operational Framework”). This new framework, developed in partnership with EcoHealth Alliance, aims to provide a basis for understanding and implementing a One Health approach in global and country investments. Building on World Bank’s prior “People, Pathogens, and our Planet” reports, it examines the strategic context, rationale and case for investing in One Health, provides an inventory of tools and other resources from the human health, agriculture, environment and disaster risk reduction sectors to facilitate multi-sectoral coordination, and incudes technical guidance for appropriate One Health entry points and operations along the prevent-detect-respond-recover spectrum of preparedness.
Free download
<Paper> Core Competencies in One Health Education: What Are We Missing
Ensuring appropriate education and training across human, animal, and environmental health to respond to today’s public health threats is critical - but not easy. The growing trend in One Health educational programs is an important step, though it has been unclear if and how core competencies are applied. 

The authors of the newest National Academy of Medicine (NAM) Perspectives paper assess the evolution of existing One Health core competencies and provide an analysis of One Health degree programs across the US including key areas represented, knowledge gaps, and recommended improvements for preparing future One Health leaders.
More information
Your feedback is requested on The Sustainability of One Health Coordination
The USAID-funded Preparedness and Response (P&R) Project is conducting a pairwise survey to better understand the factors that make One Health coordination and collaboration sustainable. Preliminary results from the survey will be shared at the upcoming International One Health Congress in Saskatoon during the SPI track session “Making One Health operational: the barriers to change glimmers of hope.” Please take a few minutes to participate in the pairwise wiki survey here.

If you have any questions on the survey or would like to see the final report, please feel free to contact Robert Salerno at Robert_Salerno@dai.com.

 


Old-World Virus, New Tricks: Inside Kerala’s Quest To Contain The Deadly Nipah Virus
Huffington Post
Thursday, June 14, 2018.

Old-World Virus, New Tricks: Inside Kerala’s Quest To Contain The Deadly Nipah Virus

SEE in full: https://www.huffingtonpost.in/2018/05/24/old-world-virus-new-tricks-inside-kerala-s-quest-to-contain-the-deadly-nipah-virus_a_23443118/

 

...The animal health department is collecting samples of rats, bats and other species to find the Nipah reservoir host. Samples are being analyzed by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases in Bhopal.

"This is a very good example of the One Health approach, where animal and human health and public health, the administration, state government, central government all coming together and containing this outbreak," said Arunkumar of Manipal.

 

“... Almost three-fourths of all diseases that afflict humans originate in animals, and a new zoonosis has been emerging or re-emerging every year. SARS, MERS-CoV, Ebola and H5N1 have all sparked fear and cost the global economy tens of billions of dollars.

 

In the early 2000s, a trio of scientists in the U.S. recognized that animal and human health are intricately connected. They advocated for a "One Health" approach that integrates human health, animal health, agriculture and the environment to respond to and avoid outbreaks. Few nations have so far taken a pro-active approach to stopping animal-to-human transmission before they happen, according to various studies. Health systems, including India's, are focused instead on stopping pandemics, through quarantine, drugs and vaccines.

The animal health department is collecting samples of rats, bats and other species to find the Nipah reservoir host. Samples are being analyzed by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases in Bhopal.

 

Some aspects of the approach found takers in India in 2005 following an H5N1 avian flu outbreak. For the first time, animal, environment, wildlife and human health departments coordinated to monitor and develop avian influenza contingency plans. South Asia, and India in particular, is a hotspot for emerging and re-emerging zoonosis due to its tropical forests, high biodiversity, high poverty rate and a large number of people living in close proximity to animals.

 

Since then, the Indian government has been setting up a network of virus detection labs. With help from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it has set up more Biosafety Level- 3 and 4 labs where scientists can safely study the most dangerous viruses. ...”


The One Health Initiative: The Collaboration between Human and Animal Medicine
Women's International Pharmacy
Monday, June 11, 2018.

Women's International Pharmacy Logo

The One Health Initiative: The Collaboration between Human and Animal Medicine

Written by Carol Petersen, RPh, CNP – Women’s International Pharmacy

The idea of a “One Health” organization started with the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). In 2006, they created a multidisciplinary task force of representatives from different health professions to explore the possibility of working together on solutions and treatments.

The resulting One Health Initiative promotes active collaboration among professionals caring for animals and professionals caring for humans. Their vision statement says that they are “dedicated to improving the lives of all species, human and animal, through the integration of human medicine, veterinary medicine and environmental science.” ...

SEE: https://www.womensinternational.com/one-health-initiative/.

 

 


 
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