One Healthisacollaborativeeffortofmultipledisciplinesworkinglocally, nationally, andgloballyto attainsustainableoptimalhealthand well-being forhumans andanimals.Itistheintersectionand inextricablelinkbetween humanhealthand animal health, andtheconnectionsbetweenhealth and natural andman-madeenvironments. Formanyindividuals, implementingOne Health conceptsand their related socioeconomicimpactsisa cultural,behavioralandparadigmshift. ManyOneHealth concepts aredriven bysocioeconomicissues which include,butarenot limitedto: populationgrowth; nutritional, agricultural,andtradepractices;globalization;shiftinlanduse;acceleratedurbanization; deforestation;encroachment onwildlife;andclimatechange.
Nowisthetimeforacademic institutionsto stepforwardinleadingnew One Health initiativestocreate impactful, relevantresearch-drivensolutionsandtrainthenextgenerationofinnovativeleaders.One Health conceptsareideallysuited toproviderobust,system-widehealth-relatedsolutions thatthe global societywillneedandexpect. ...
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Bridging the Mammalian Divide, One Medical Student at a Time
The elective is part of the One Health Initiative, which promotes collaboration between veterinarians and physicians. Harvard's elective is still new, but ...
“...The elective is part of the One Health Initiative, which promotes collaboration between veterinarians and physicians. Harvard's elective is still new, but the trend doesn't show signs of stopping. ...”
The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Tuesday, August 14, 2018.
The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel
During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness that was subsequently found to be caused by a novel coronavirus [severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) virus]. In addition to SARS, other respiratory pathogens have also emerged recently, contributing to the high burden of respiratory tract infection-related morbidity and mortality. Among the recently emerged respiratory pathogens are influenza viruses, coronaviruses, enteroviruses, and adenoviruses. As the genesis of these emerging viruses is not well understood and their detection normally occurs after they have crossed over and adapted to man, ideally, strategies for such novel virus detection should include intensive surveillance at the human–animal interface, particularly if one believes the paradigm that many novel emerging zoonotic viruses first circulate in animal populations and occasionally infect man before they fully adapt to man; early detection at the human–animal interface will provide earlier warning. Here, we review recent emerging virus treats for these four groups of viruses.
DUKE (USA) One Health Team News - Issue 5 August 2018
A Closer Look at the Emerging Public Health-Burdening Respiratory Viruses By Jane Fieldhouse, MSc
For several decades, respiratory virus outbreaks have posed threats to the public at the human-animal interface. In this literature review, Duke One Health team members describe four emerging viruses contributing to a high burden of respiratory tract infections. The review suggests a One Health approach to address potential outbreaks caused by these viruses.
A Guidebook for Preventing Zoonotic Enteric Parasites Infections Created by the One Health Researchers in Mongolia
By Amber Barnes, PhD
Zoonotic enteric parasites (ZEP) are a worldwide public health threat. To help the public understand the danger of ZEPs, the One Health Researchers in Mongolia and at Duke University together generated a guidebook to propose ways to prevent ZEP infections.
Respiratory Virus Surveillance Study Conducted at the Duke University Hospital ED By Julie Zemke
Using the 2-stage bioaerosol samplers designed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the research team at Duke finds a spectrum of respiratory viruses in the emergency room setting over the course of five months of the Flu season.
Bass Connections 2018 Team Conducts a Surveillance Study in Sarawak
In Sarawak, Malaysia, members of Duke One Health are working on a cross-cultural collaborative team with researchers from Sibu Hospital and local health authorities to refine surveillance techniques for zoonotic diseases, understand the etiology of such diseases through a One Health perspective, and build the surveillance and diagnostic capacity of local collaborators. Southeast Asia is a hotspot for emerging infectious diseases due to its tropical climate and anthropogenic factors. Increasing and dynamic interactions between humans, animals, and the environment cause outbreaks in novel respiratory viruses that can be devastating to the human and animal communities. There is an evident need to increase surveillance and epidemiological research regarding these diseases at these interfaces.
With support from Bass Connections, a Duke University-wide initiative aiming to promote collaboration in research across disciplines, the team from Duke One Health includes undergraduate students (Gina Kovalik and David Chen), a medical student (Karen Lin) and master’s students (Jessica Choi and Julie Zemke).
Using cutting-edge bioaerosol sampling devices from the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the team is identifying local hubs for novel respiratory pathogen presence and transmission, including swine abattoirs, poultry farms, and schools. By engaging with local stakeholders, including Dr. Toh of Sibu Hospital and Sibu Clinical Research Center, and Mr. Chong of Sibu District Health Office, meaningful partnerships are being formed which may ultimately allow for the creation and maintenance of surveillance and diagnostic capacities throughout Sarawak.
In the photo, Gina Kovalik is examining the NIOSH sampler at a poultry farm during a sampling session.
One Health Training at Duke-NUS in Singapore
From July 23 to July 27, 2018, Professor Greg Gray (Duke University), Dr. Emily Bailey (Duke University), Professor Peter Cowen (North Carolina State University), Dr. Betsy Miranda (The Republic of the Philippines), and Dr Kristen Coleman (Duke-NUS Medical School) conducted a five-day workshop at Duke-NUS in Singapore for scholars from Pakistan and the Philippines. The goal of the workshop was to help the international scholars conduct One Health surveillance for novel respiratory viruses which may emerge in their countries at the human-animal interface. The program included an in-depth epidemiological review and laboratory training in detecting influenza viruses, adenoviruses, enteroviruses, and coronaviruses.