A One Health viewpoint...
The international One Health movement (formerly called One Medicine) cannot flourish without medical doctors (i.e. physicians). In reality, their leaders fostered it historically...in collaboration(s) with veterinary medical doctors (i.e. veterinarians) and other prominent health scientist-research professionals.
Notable 19th and early 20th century One Health physicians include:
Sir William Osler (1849-1919), “Father of Modern Medicine”, one of the four founding professors of Johns Hopkins Hospital. Among several early associations with veterinary medicine and veterinarians, in 1873, Osler, who had recently received his medical degree from McGill University, left Canada to study with physician Dr. Rudolf Virchow [1821-1902] in Berlin. Virchow impressed upon the young Osler the importance of the autopsy and scientific inquiry in the practice of medicine. Osler returned to Canada in 1874, where he established veterinary pathology as an academic discipline in a North American school of veterinary medicine.
Sir John McFadyean (1853-1941), “Founder Modern Veterinary Research”, a remarkable veterinarian and physician https://goo.gl/5qq8BB, founded the Journal of Comparative Pathology & Therapeutics, built bridges across human and veterinary medical fields in infectious diseases and comparative medicine. In addition to his degree in veterinary medicine, McFadyean sought to learn the newest and best in science, which led him to enroll at the Faculties of Medicine and Science of Edinburgh University where he earned his human medical degree. Notable for challenging the celebrated German physician and pioneering microbiologist known as the founder of modern bacteriology who gave the first description of the tubercle bacillus in 1882 and surprisingly had stated that no precautions were needed to be taken against milk or flesh from cattle afflicted with tuberculosis because bovine TB differed from the infection found in humans. McFadyean was subsequently proven right.
Theobald Smith, MD (1859-1934), widely considered to be America's first internationally significant medical research scientist, worked under Dr. Daniel E. Salmon, a veterinarian and Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry. Smith also discovered the bacterial species which would eventually form the genus Salmonella. With veterinarian Dr. Frederick L. Kilbourne, Smith discovered that the parasite causing cattle fever, Babesia bigemina, was spread by ticks. This was the first demonstration that a biting arthropod could spread disease, and set the stage for physician Walter Reed and his colleagues to prove a few years later that mosquitoes transmit yellow fever.
FYI, a partial list of modern day 20th and 21st century visionary “One Health physician” champions and leaders:
Larry R. Anderson, DVM, MD - Sumner County Family Care Center, PA, Wellington, Kansas (USA)
Stephen F. Badylak, DVM, PhD, MD, Research Professor, Dept. of Surgery, Director of Tissue Engineering, McGowan Institute of Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (USA)
B. Sonny Bal, MD, JD, MBA - Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Missouri School of Medicine (USA)
Stephen A. Berger, MD, Director of Geographic Medicine, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Donald S. Burke, MD - Dean, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh (USA)
Dave Cundiff, MD, MPH, Public Health and general Preventive Medicine physician, Olympia, WA (USA)
David Curiel, MD, PhD, Director of the Cancer Biology Division of the Department of Radiation Oncology at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO (USA)
*Ronald M. Davis, MD, former President, American Medical Association, Detroit, Michigan (USA)
Virginia M. Dato, MD, MPH - Public Health physician, former Pennsylvania Department of Health, Division of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA) and immediate Past President, American Association of Public Health Physicians
David N. Fisman, MD, MPH – Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto and Department of Medicine, North York General Hospital (Canada).
Kathleen F. Gensheimer, MD, MPH - Chief Medical Officer - Outbreak Director, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Washington, D.C. (USA)
Greg Gray, MD, MPH, FIDSA - Professor, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke Infectious Diseases & Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, North Carolina (USA) and Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore. Formerly, Director, One Health Center of Excellence for Research & Training, Professor Department of Environmental and Global Health, College of Public Health and Health Professions, and Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida (USA).
John C. Hagan III, MD, FACS, FAAO - Editor, Missouri Medicine: The Journal of the Missouri Medical Association and an ophthalmologist, Kansas City, MO (USA)
*D.A. Henderson, MD, MPH - Professor, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine; Resident Scholar at the Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; former Dean of Johns Hopkins School of Public Health from 1977 to 1990; Directed WHO global smallpox eradication program 1966-1977 (USA)
David L. Heymann, MD – Editor, Control of Communicable Diseases Manual and Director, U.K. Health Protection Agency (United Kingdom)
James M. Hughes, MD - Professor of Medicine and Public Health, Emory University (USA)
Josef D. Jarhult, MD, PhD, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Karl M. Johnson, MD, Past Director, Middle America Research Unit, National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease, NIH, Founding Chief, Special Pathogens Branch, CDC (retired), Placitas, NM 87043 (USA)
Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP - Research Scholar Program on Science and Global Security, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University (USA): Co-Founder, One Health Initiative team & website
Gerald Keusch, MD – member U.S. One Health Commission Advisory Council, Professor of Medicine and International Health, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Special Assistant for Global Health to the President, and Senior Advisor to the Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University (USA)
Dan Lucey, MD, MPH, Georgetown University Medical Center and Senior Scholar with the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Washington, DC (USA)
Lawrence C. Madoff, MD - Editor, ProMED-mail, Professor of Medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and an infectious disease public health physician (USA).
Stephen Ray Mitchell, MD, MACP, FAAP, Association of American Medical Colleges, Professor Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC (USA)
Thomas P. Monath, MD - Chief Scientific & Chief Operating Officer, BioProtection Systems/NewLink Genetics Corp., Devens MA 01434 (USA): Co-Founder, One Health Initiative team & website
Barbara Natterson-Horowitz, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA (USA)
Björn Olsen, MD - Professor, Senior Physician Infectious Diseases Uppsala University and University Hospital (Sweden)
Albert J. Osbahr, III, MD, Past Chair, U.S. One Health Commission Board, medical director of occupational health services at Catawba Valley Medical Center in Hickory, North Carolina (USA)
Peter M. Rabinowitz, MD, MPH – Associate Professor, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Department of Global Health, University of Washington, School of Public Health, Director of Human Animal Medicine Project (USA)
Richard Riegelman, MD, MPH, PhD, Professor and Founding Dean of the Milken Institute School of Public Health at The George Washington University, Washington, DC. (USA)
Kevin M. Sherin, MD, MPH, FACPM, FAAFP - Health Officer and Director of the Florida Department of Health in Orange County, Orlando, Florida (USA)
*Myron “Mike” G. Schultz, DVM, MD, DCMT, FACP, former Senior Medical Officer, Global Disease Detection Operations Center, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA 30333 (USA)
Gary Simpson, PhD, MD, MSc, MPH – College Master-Paul L. Foster School of Medicine - Texas Tech University Health Science Center, Professor of Infectious Diseases in Medical Education (USA)
Annette L. Sobel, MD, MS, Executive for Critical Infrastructure Protection and Health Security Initiatives, Texas Tech, University Health Sciences Center and Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX (USA)
Cecil B. Wilson, MD, MACP – Practicing internist from Winter Park, Florida (USA), past president of the American Medical Association and past president of the World Medical Association.
Others are listed among the One Health Initiative Supporters http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/supporters.php and http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/endorsements.php.
ALL PHYSICIANS ARE ENCOURAGED AND URGED TO ACTIVELY JOIN-PARTICIPATE! Please help us educate/engage your physician colleagues and friends... “One Health implementation will help protect and/or save untold millions of lives in our generation and for those to come.”
Bruce Kaplan, DVM
Contents Manager/Editor One Health Initiative Website
Co-Founder One Health Initiative team [Apr2006-Mar2007]/website [Oct2008]
One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono Team:
Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP ▪ Bruce Kaplan, DVM ▪
Thomas P. Monath, MD ▪ Lisa A. Conti, DVM, MPH