U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID) Office of the Director NCEZID Plan 2012-2017 See Strategic Plan: http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/publications/strategicplan_NCEZID.pdf (Page 2) and also posted on CDC’s website at http://www.cdc.gov/ncezid/ Promote One Health approaches to prevent emergence and spread of zoonotic diseases http://www.cdc.gov/oid/docs/ID-Framework.pdf See pages 24, 25 The recognition that most new human pathogens emerge from animal reservoirs (40,41) has given rise to a One Health approach to disease prevention that links human, animal, and environmental health. One Health approaches typically aim to prevent or control zoonotic diseases—diseases caused by microbes that infect both humans and animals. 24 | CDC ID Framework The elimination of canine rabies in the United States in 2004 after decades of intensive surveillance, laboratory advancements, and vaccination efforts on the part of human and veterinary science communities is a prime example of successful One Health collaborations, providing a model for improved understanding and control of emerging zoonoses and offering potential for developing countries, where canine rabies continues to cause tens of thousands of deaths each year. One Health policies and actions can facilitate early detection of new diseases that emerge from animal and insect reservoirs and also offer potential means for improving food safety and preventing the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Examples include policies that support interdisciplinary collaborations and communications on all aspects of healthcare for humans and animals, in accordance with the goals of the One Health Initiative www.onehealthinitiative.com. Other One Health policy goals include - Active participation of agricultural and veterinary partners in integrated analysis of animal health and human health data to identify new threats - Improved linkages between veterinary experts and state and local epidemiologists (e.g., via the Environmental Health Specialist Network - Strategies that reduce the risk of importing infectious diseases into the United States via animals and cargo. In addition to domestic partners in these efforts, CDC also works with USAID, the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and other international partners to promote worldwide One Health planning and cooperation. CONCLUSION CDC’s ID Framework seeks to mobilize partners and actions to sustain and advance the fundamental infectious disease surveillance, laboratory, and epidemiologic capacities that support our nation’s public health system, recognizing current challenges facing federal, state, and local agencies while realizing vast opportunities for innovative work. Effective and expansive partnerships working to implement proven practices and to identify and evaluate new public health strategies remain our best means of achieving these goals—protecting health and saving lives. October 2011 | 25 40. Jones KE, Patel NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL, Daszak P. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 2008;451:990–993. 41. Taylor LH, Latham SM, Woolhouse ME. Risk factors for human disease emergence. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2001;356:983–989.