Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A Systematic Review of Seldom-Documented Human Biological Threats to Animals Please read entire article at: http://www.plosone.org/article/infodoi10.1371journal.pone.0089055 Ali M. Messenger, MPH, PhD1,2, Amber N. Barnes, MPH1, and Gregory C. Gray, MD, MPH, FIDSA1,2 1 College of Public Health and Health Professions, 2 Emerging Pathogens Institute University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, (USA) “Adopting a One Health strategy for emerging disease surveillance and reporting will benefit both humans and animals and produce a more collaborative response plan.” Abstract Background: Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, influenza A virus, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Ascaris lumbricoides. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of published literature regarding reverse zoonoses and highlight the need for future work in this area. Interpretation: “As we see a global increase in industrial animal production, the rapid movement of humans and animals, and the habitats of humans and wild animals intertwining with great complexity, the future promises more opportunities for humans to cause reverse zoonoses. Scientific research must be conducted in this area to provide a richer understanding of emerging and reemerging disease threats. As a result, multidisciplinary approaches such as One Health will be needed to mitigate these problems.” Also, please see excellent description http://phhp.ufl.edu/2014/03/03/uf-study-highlights-human-to-animal-disease-threats/ from University of Florida’s website. Note: Dr. Messenger, Ms. Barnes and Dr. Gray are One Health supporter/advocates. Dr. Gray serves on the One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono team’s Honorary Advisory Board http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/advBoard.php and is Professor and Chair, Department of Environmental and Global Health, College of Public Health and Health Professions, Professor, Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Director, One Health Center of Excellence, Email: email@example.com – The University of Florida has established the first known “One Health” PhD program http://egh.phhp.ufl.edu/academic-programs/doctoral-programs/phd-in-one-health/ in the world.