Teaching Human Parasitology in China Parasites & Vectors 2012, 5:77 doi:10.1186/1756-3305-5-77 Abstract China has approximately one-fifth of the world’s population. Despite the recent success in controlling major parasitic diseases, parasitic diseases remain a significant human health problem in China. Hence, the discipline of human parasitology is considered as a core subject for undergraduate and postgraduate students of the medical sciences. We consider the teaching of human parasitology to be fundamental to the training of medical students, to the continued research on parasitic diseases, and to the prevention and control of human parasitic diseases. Here, we have summarized the distribution of educational institutions in China, particularly those that teach parasitology. In addition, we have described some existing parasitology courses in detail as well as the teaching methods used for different types of medical students. Finally, we have discussed the current problems in and reforms to human parasitology education. Our study indicates that 304 regular higher education institutions in China offer medical or related education. More than 70 universities have an independent department of parasitology that offers approximately 10 different parasitology courses. In addition, six universities in China have established excellence-building courses in human parasitology. Please see http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/pdf/1756-3305-5-77.pdf May 4, 2012: Please note, we have been advised today by Dr. Shenyi He of the inadvertent omission in this paper of one of the co-authors, Dr. Yang Bi.