Infectious diseases, malnutrition, and food safety

The increasing scope of infectious diseases warrants the improvement of the quality of services in healthcare delivery. Functional and resilient primary healthcare can boost health services aimed at preventing infectious diseases. Financial assistance to public health infrastructure and efforts for poverty alleviation are critical for effective measures against infectious disease threats.

Malnutrition affects around 29% of the world's population and remains a significant concern among children. Malnutrition has been linked to various socioeconomic factors, including limited access to healthy foods and a general lack of awareness of healthy diets. Further, healthy diets are increasingly unaffordable, as food prices have sharply spiked in the past few years due to the COVID-19 pandemic, conflicts, and climatic disasters. Food safety is another significant health concern.

The globalization of food production and supply has increased the extent and speed of transmission of foodborne pathogens. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) unveiled the Global Strategy for Food Safety 2022-30 in October 2022, emphasizing a One Health approach. This strategy involves communication and collaboration to identify and address safety risks and implement surveillance and risk assessment to detect, prevent, and respond to foodborne diseases. ...”