Kazakhstan has a historically well-developed agriculture sector with an emphasis on livestock production. There are territories prone to endemic zoonotic diseases as well as to environmental issues such as the Aral Sea. The interactions between humans, animals and the environment increase the risk of public health threats and spread of diseases. Having relatively well-developed vertical Public Health and Veterinary systems managed centrally at the national level, Kazakhstan might increase its capacity and effectiveness in managing health threats at the animal, human and environment interface by strengthening vertical processes and better coordination of policies, plans and resource utilization.

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