One Health Publications

Is One Health at a Turning Point? – Impakter

August 16, 2022

By **Richard Seifman, JD, MBA

**Member One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono Team:

Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP ▪ Bruce Kaplan, DVM ▪ Thomas P. Monath, MD ▪ *Lisa A. Conti, DVM, MPH ▪ Thomas M. Yuill, PhD ▪ Helena J. Chapman, MD, MPH, PhD ▪ Craig N. Carter, DVM, PhD ▪ Becky Barrentine, MBA ▪ Richard Seifman, JD, MBA

*Deceased November 6, 2020

 

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State Veterinarian Advises ‘Buyer Beware’ for Livestock Purchases (tn.gov)

August 16, 2022

“…The Tennessee Department of Agriculture’s Animal Health Division is responsible for promoting animal health in Tennessee. The state veterinarian’s office seeks to prevent the spread of disease through import and movement requirements, livestock traceability, disaster mitigation, and the services of the C.E. Kord Animal Health Diagnostic Laboratory. The division collaborates with other health-related stakeholders, academic institutions, and extension services to support One Health, an initiative to improve health for people and animals.

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Antibiotic resistance genes of public health importance in livestock and humans in an informal urban community in Nepal | Scientific Reports (nature.com)

August 15, 2022

Abstract

Efforts to mitigate the increasing emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) will benefit from a One Health perspective, as over half of animal antimicrobials are also considered medically important in humans, and AMR can be maintained in the environment. This is especially pertinent to low- and middle-income countries and in community settings, where an estimated 80% of all antibiotics are used. This study features AMR genes found among humans, animals, and water at an urban informal settlement in Nepal with intensifying livestock production. We sampled humans, chickens, ducks, swine, and water clustered by household, as well as rodents and shrews near dwellings, concurrently in time in July 2017 in southeastern Kathmandu along the Manohara river. Real-time qualitative PCR was performed to screen for 88 genes. Our results characterize the animal-human-environmental interfaces related to the occurrence of specific resistance genes (blaSHV-1 (SHV(238G240E) strain), QnrSermCtetAtetB, aacC2aadA1) associated with antibiotics of global health importance that comprise several drug classes, including aminoglycosides, beta-lactams, tetracyclines, macrolides, and fluoroquinolones. By characterizing risk factors across AMR genes of public health importance, this research highlights potential transmission pathways for further investigation and provides prioritization of community-based prevention and intervention efforts for disrupting AMR transmission of critically important antibiotics used in both humans and animals in Nepal.

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Towards an integrated surveillance of zoonotic diseases in Burkina Faso: the case of anthrax | BMC Public Health | Full Text (biomedcentral.com)

August 12, 2022

Background

Anthrax is a zoonotic disease that causes frequent outbreaks in livestock and fatal human cases in Burkina Faso. Effective surveillance of this disease calls for the establishment of an integrated surveillance system, in line with the One Health concept. However, despite a strong technical and financial support from international partners, surveillance is still poorly conducted within an integrated approach. Based on stakeholder perspectives, the study has for objective to deepen our understanding of the anthrax surveillance system and to identify the obstacles and levers towards a more integrated approach to anthrax surveillance in Burkina Faso.

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Vaccines to Prevent Coccidioidomycosis: A Gene-Deletion Mutant of Coccidioides Posadasii as a Viable Candidate for Human Trials

August 10, 2022

Open Access Review

Abstract: Coccidioidomycosis is an endemic fungal infection that is reported in up to 20,000 persons per year and has an economic impact close to $1.5 billion. Natural infection virtually always confers protection from future exposure, and this suggests that a preventative vaccine strategy is likely to succeed. We here review progress toward that objective. There has been ongoing research to discover a coccidioidal vaccine over the past seven decades, including one phase III clinical trial, but for reasons of either efficacy or feasibility, a safe and effective vaccine has not yet been developed. This review first summarizes the past research to develop a coccidioidal vaccine. It then details the evidence that supports a live, gene-deletion vaccine candidate as suitable for further development as both a veterinary and a human clinical product. Finally, a plausible vaccine development plan is described which would be applicable to this vaccine candidate and also useful to other future candidates. The public health and economic impact of coccidioidomycosis fully justifies a public private partnership for vaccine development, and the development of a vaccine for this orphan disease will likely require some degree of public funding.

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University of Nicosia: Educating Doctors in Veterinary Medicine through a multidisciplinary course

August 8, 2022

Study International

One Health recognises that the health of people is connected to the health of animals and the environment. This has been evident throughout the …

 

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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

August 6, 2022

WHO | World Health Organization

… priorities including comprehensive field investigations that follow a One Health approach, and clinical management and treatment approaches.

 

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Rutgers to Hold Regional One Health Consortium Conference to Address Zoonotic Diseases and Their Impact on Human, Animal and Environmental Health (newswise.com)  

August 5, 2022

BACKGROUND:        New Jersey is the first state to formally establish through legislation a One Health task force to fight prevent, monitor and control zoonotic and environmental public health threats and disease transmission from animals to people.

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2022 American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (AVES) Award Recipients: Presented at the American Veterinary Medical Association Convention, Philadelphia, PA (USA)

August 2, 2022

On behalf of the President of the American Veterinary Epidemiology Society, Dr. Jack Shere, and our Board of Directors, please join me in congratulating our 2022 American Veterinary Epidemiology Society Award Recipients awarded yesterday [AUGUST 1, 2022] in Philadelphia [presented at the American Veterinary Medical Association Convention]

Gold Headed Cane Awards:

Dr. Corrie Brown

Dr. John Herbold

 

Early Career Achievement Awards:

Dr. (LCDR) Caitlin Cossaboom

Dr. (LCDR) Ilana Schafer

 

Honorary Diplomate Awards:

Dr. Andrew Bowman

Dr. (CAPT) Walter (Randolph) Daley

Dr. Amy Delgado

Dr. (RADM) David Goldman

Dr. Camila Hamond

Dr. Philip Kass

Dr. Andres Perez

Dr. Valerie Ragan

Dr. Rohini Roopnarine

Mr. Richard Seifman

Dr. (CAPT) Brianna Skinner

Dr. Amy Vincent Baker

Dr. (COL) Deborah Whitmer

Dr. Thomas Yuill

Dr. Cristobal Zepeda

A video of the ceremony is available on our *Facebook page at American Veterinary Epidemiology Society.

Thank you Hartz for being our sponsor since 1964.

 

John Poppe
AVES Executive Director
aves.exec@outlook.com
210-749-0714
American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (avesociety.org)
SEE: *
www.facebook.com/embracingOneHealthsince1964

https://www.facebook.com/embracingOneHealthsince1964/videos/1640162836384305

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UTMB ONE HEALTH NEWSLETTER – ISSUE 5, AUGUST 2022

August 1, 2022

Join Us in Fighting Infectious Diseases!

We Are Hiring!

The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston is world-famous for its excellence in emerging infectious disease research and training. We are looking for new team members who have a passion to protect the world against today’s and tomorrow’s emerging infectious disease threats. If you want to make the world a better place by fighting these diseases, then join our interdisciplinary, One Health-oriented team. Here are our employment opportunities:
•    Postdoctoral Fellows, Internal Medicine-Infectious Disease (Two positions)
•    Physician-Scientist T32 Training in Emerging Infectious Diseases
•    Program Manager – Center for Tropical Diseases
________

Also See UTMB One Health News Stories: One Health and the Systems Approach, Texas Style

John Herbold, DVM, MPH, PhD

https://www.utmb.edu/one-health/news/articles/one-health-texas-style

 

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Religions and One Health Advocacy: Much in Common, Much Needs to Be Done

July 31, 2022

Home  Society  Health

Religious communities have roles to play in One Health since it is an approach consistent with the teachings of most world faiths

by *Richard Seifman, JD, MBA   July 31, 2022

“Diseases and pandemics have meant the world shares a common nightmare. While science can offer some answers as to why and what to do, for many, the reaction to the disease brought them to turn to religion and look at one or another form of faith to find solace.

But in a wider sense, this is a two-way street: religions influence values and our actions. Connecting religious policies and influencers with the nexus between humans, animals, and the environment – One Health – would be powerful and consistent with the teachings of most of the world’s faiths.  …”

*Member One Health Initiative Team Advisory Board

 

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The molecular epidemiology of multiple zoonotic origins of SARS-CoV-2 (science.org)

July 27, 2022

Abstract

Understanding the circumstances that lead to pandemics is important for their prevention. Here, we analyze the genomic diversity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) early in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We show that SARS-CoV-2 genomic diversity before February 2020 likely comprised only two distinct viral lineages, denoted A and B. Phylodynamic rooting methods, coupled with epidemic simulations, reveal that these lineages were the result of at least two separate cross-species transmission events into humans. The first zoonotic transmission likely involved lineage B viruses around 18 November 2019 (23 October–8 December), while the separate introduction of lineage A likely occurred within weeks of this event. These findings indicate that it is unlikely that SARS-CoV-2 circulated widely in humans prior to November 2019 and define the narrow window between when SARS-CoV-2 first jumped into humans and when the first cases of COVID-19 were reported. As with other coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 emergence likely resulted from multiple zoonotic events.

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The Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan was the early epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic (science.org)

July 27, 2022

Abstract

Understanding how severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in 2019 is critical to preventing zoonotic outbreaks before they become the next pandemic. The Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China, was identified as a likely source of cases in early reports but later this conclusion became controversial. We show the earliest known COVID-19 cases from December 2019, including those without reported direct links, were geographically centered on this market. We report that live SARS-CoV-2 susceptible mammals were sold at the market in late 2019 and, within the market, SARS-CoV-2-positive environmental samples were spatially associated with vendors selling live mammals. While there is insufficient evidence to define upstream events, and exact circumstances remain obscure, our analyses indicate that the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 occurred via the live wildlife trade in China, and show that the Huanan market was the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Dealing With Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Up to the Job? – Impakter

July 23, 2022

The WHO mechanisms we have at global level are improved up to a point, but much remains to be done

“… The message is clear that possibilities of new infectious diseases may come from human incursions to natural habitats with opportunistic infections taking advantage of the denser environment. It argues for more proactive surveillance of wildlife, especially, at known possible hotspots, and a One Health approach.  …”

by *Richard Seifman, JD, MBA    July 23, 2022   in HealthPolitics & Foreign Affairs

*Member One Health Initiative Advisory Board

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