One Health Publications

To Improve Global Health Security, We Must Not Abandon Tackling Existing Epidemics

June 13, 2021

OPINION

“… We welcome the focus of world leaders on One Health, which is a collaborative effort to achieve health for people, animals and the environment at the local, national and global level. We urge G7 leaders to go a step further, beyond focusing on zoonotic diseases and antimicrobial resistance, which simply isn’t enough to truly build pandemic preparedness.

Future health threats could develop from different origins, patterns, nature or impact. All aspects of One Health must be included if we are to improve global health security, including tackling other diseases, such as NTDs. …”

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Biden Admin Boosts Pharma Supply Chain Amid FDA Alzheimer’s Drug Approval [One Health emphasized…]

June 10, 2021

The summit emphasized the One Health approach for global surveillance that looks at the impact of people, animals, plants, and shared environments …

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Dr. Peter Hotez: International Team Should Investigate Coronavirus Origins

June 9, 2021

U.S. News & World Report

Mother Nature is warning us that future pandemics are certain.

By Ruben Castaneda  June 8, 2021

“… The ecosystem of animals, humans and disease is sometimes referred to as ‘one health,’ and designing one-health interventions against future coronavirus pandemics depends on having detailed knowledge of how coronaviruses first arise and jump to people. …”

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How to make biomedical research (and biosafety labs) less dangerous and more ethical, post-COVID-19

June 8, 2021

By Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP | June 8, 2021

“ … Preventing the emergence of naturally occurring zoonotic diseases requires a One Health approach that integrates human, animal, plant, environmental, and ecosystem health. I’ve written extensively about why a One Health approach is important in previous columns. …”

 

 

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Ecosystem key to human health

June 5, 2021

The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is a rallying cry for the protection and revival of ecosystems around the world

“… Deciphering the connection between ecosystem restoration, climate change, food and nutrition security, ‘One Health’ and sustainable development is important for protecting our future. …”

Prof. Sanjay Zodpey, MD, PhD

(The writer is Vice President – Academics, Public Health Foundation of India)

 

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World Health Organization (WHO) joins the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration on World Environment Day

June 4, 2021

“… The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is part of a series of collaborative efforts led by WHO that seek to strengthen cross-sectoral collaboration and engagement at the human, animal, plant and ecosystem interface, also known as One Health. …”

 

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One Health Happenings News Notes

June 1, 2021

May 2021
One Health Happenings
One Health Happenings News Notes is prepared and shared monthly by the

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Speech by President Charles Michel at the Partnership 4 Growth Summit

May 31, 2021

“… In fact, COVID-19 has galvanised our resolve to transform the paradigm of our development model. From destructive short-term thinking towards a sustainable model that respects the life of our planet and the lives of our citizens. [One World, One Health] “

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Interagency Cooperation Drives Discovery of Lyme Disease Spirochete in Exotic Tick

May 30, 2021

ENTOMOLOGY TODAY

“…

Expanding testing efforts will not only gauge prevalence of these other pathogens in Pennsylvania but also benefit development of epidemiological models for predicting where human infection could occur. Through collaborative discussions and information sharing with the Pennsylvania Department of Health, we have commenced a “One Health” approach to tick-borne diseases, realizing that the intersection of our distinct work provides the greatest benefit. …”

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Behavioral Change – At The Bottom and The Top

May 28, 2021

 *by Richard Seifman – Board Member, United Nations Association-National Capital Area

“… Now One Health Needs Changed Behavior

Today One Health, the interface between human-animal-environmental health, is in much the same place as was nutrition in the last century. It is even more confounding because it touches virtually all of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. …” 

*Member One Health Initiative Advisory Board

 

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Outbreaks of clinical toxoplasmosis in humans: five decades of personal experience, perspectives and lessons learned

May 24, 2021

Abstract Background:

The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii has a worldwide distribution and a very wide host range, infecting most warm-blooded hosts. Approximately 30% of humanity is infected with T. gondii, but clinical toxoplasmosis is relatively infrequent. Toxoplasmosis has a wide range of clinical symptoms involving almost all organ systems. In most persons that acquire infection postnatally, symptoms (when present) are mild and mimic other diseases such as flu, Lyme disease, Q fever, hematological alterations, or mumps. It is likely that clinical disease is more common than reported. The ingestion of infected meat or food and water contaminated with oocysts are the two main modes of postnatal transmission of Toxoplasma gondii. The infective dose and the incubation period of T. gondii infection are unknown because there are no human volunteer experiments.

Methods: Here, I have critically reviewed outbreaks of clinical toxoplasmosis in humans for the past 55 years, 1966– 2020. Information from oocyst-acquired versus meat-acquired infections was assessed separately.

Results: Most outbreaks were from Brazil. There were no apparent differences in types or severity of symptoms in meat- versus oocyst-acquired infections. Fever, cervical lymphadenopathy, myalgia, and fatigue were the most important symptoms, and these symptoms were not age-dependent. The incubation period was 7–30 days. A genetic predisposition to cause eye disease is suspected in the parasites responsible for three outbreaks (in Brazil, Canada, and India). Only a few T. gondii tissue cysts might suffice to cause infection, as indicated by outbreaks affecting some (but not all) individuals sharing a meal of infected meat.

Conclusions: Whether the high frequency of outbreaks of toxoplasmosis in humans in Brazil is related to environmental contamination, poor hygiene, socioeconomic conditions, or to genotypes of T. gondii needs investigation.

Keywords: Toxoplasma gondii, Ocular, Outbreaks, Meat, Oocysts, Humans, Worldwide

 

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A proposal to leverage high-quality veterinary diagnostic laboratory large data streams for animal health, public health, and One Health

May 22, 2021

*Craig N Carter 1Jacqueline L Smith 1

Abstract

Test data generated by ~60 accredited member laboratories of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (AAVLD) is of exceptional quality. These data are captured by 1 of 13 laboratory information management systems (LIMSs) developed specifically for veterinary diagnostic laboratories (VDLs). Beginning ~2000, the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) developed an electronic messaging system for LIMS to automatically send standardized data streams for 14 select agents to a national repository. This messaging enables the U.S. Department of Agriculture to track and respond to high-consequence animal disease outbreaks such as highly pathogenic avian influenza. Because of the lack of standardized data collection in the LIMSs used at VDLs, there is, to date, no means of summarizing VDL large data streams for multi-state and national animal health studies or for providing near-real-time tracking for hundreds of other important animal diseases in the United States that are detected routinely by VDLs. Further, VDLs are the only state and federal resources that can provide early detection and identification of endemic and emerging zoonotic diseases. Zoonotic diseases are estimated to be responsible for 2.5 billion cases of human illness and 2.7 million deaths worldwide every year. The economic and health impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is self-evident. We review here the history and progress of data management in VDLs and discuss ways of seizing unexplored opportunities to advance data leveraging to better serve animal health, public health, and One Health.

 

 

 

*Dr. Carter is a member of the One Health Initiative team.

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