One Health Publications

Chapter 8 zoonoses in wildlife integrating ecology into management.

March 21, 2009

  : Adv Parasitol. 2009;68:185-209. Chapter 8 zoonoses in wildlife integrating ecology into management. Mathews F. Zoonoses in wildlife not only play an important ecological role, but pose significant threats to the health of humans, domestic animals and some endangered species. More than two-thirds of emerging, or re-emerging, infectious diseases are thought to originate in wildlife. Despite this, co-ordinated surveillance schemes are rare, and most efforts at disease control operate at the level of crisis management. This review examines the pathways linking zoonoses in wildlife with infection in other hosts, using examples from a range of key zoonoses, including European bat lyssaviruses and bovine tuberculosis. Ecologically based control, including the management of conditions leading to spill-overs into target host populations, is likely to be more effective and sustainable than simple reductions in wildlife populations alone. PMID: 19289195 [PubMed - in process] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19289195?ordinalpos=6&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

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March 19, 2009

March 18, 2009   Re Nicholas Kristof’s New York Times article “Our Pigs, Our Food, Our Health” (opinion, March 12, 2009) http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/12/opinion/12kristof.html?ref=opinion   A One Health letter-to-the-editor of the New York Times from Laura H. Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP, Bruce Kaplan, DVM, Thomas P. Monath, MD and Jack Woodall, PhD was published today.   http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/19/opinion/l19kristof.html?_r=1&ref=opinion

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EU Veterinary Week: ONE HEALTH: Healthy Animals=Healthy People

March 16, 2009

To better display graphics and charts, attache reports are now available in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format. You may need to get the free Acrobat reader. The reports are also available in WordPerfect format and can be downloaded to your word processing program. Note: Reports received prior to August, 1998 may be available in TEXT format only. Released: Mar 13 2009 EU-27  | EU Veterinary Week: ONE HEALTH: Healthy Animals=Healthy People   E48132 Highlight: On Monday November 10th, 2008, the European Commission Directorate-General for Health and Consumers (DGSanco) launched its first edition of the EU Veterinary Week Animals+Humans=One Health. A conference titled “ONE HEALTH: Healthy Animals=Healthy People” was organized with the purpose of illustrating how high standards of animal health have a positive impact on human health and consumer wellbeing in the EU. The event aimed at stimulating cooperation between the different players in the animal health field for the implementation of effective bio-security measures at borders and on-farm. View the Acrobat version | View/Download the MS Word version   http://www.fas.usda.gov/gainfiles/200903/146327441.pdf

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One-health wonders – Val Beasley, DVM, PhD

March 14, 2009

http://www.avma.org/onlnews/javma/mar09/090315k.asp

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WHO web sites on infectious diseases

March 10, 2009

       WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION      Weekly epidemiological record      WHO web sites on infectious diseases      March 6, 2009, No. 10, Page 84   http://www.who.int/wer/2009/wer8410.pdf

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Royal Society urges integration of human and veterinary medicine

March 10, 2009

Nature Medicine 15, 227 (1 March 2009) | doi:10.1038/nm0309-227a Royal Society urges integration of human and veterinary medicine www.nature.com/nm/journal/v15/n3/full/nm0309-227a.html

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Will avian influenza lead to a human pandemic?

March 10, 2009

The journal of the European Medical Writers Association, The Write Stuff   Will avian influenza lead to a human pandemic?      By Robert Kahn, PhD   www.emwa.org/JournalArticles/JA_V18_I1_Kahn1.pdf

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STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (MRSA), HUMAN, ZOO ELEPHANT – USA: (CALIFORNIA) 2008

March 8, 2009

STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (MRSA), HUMAN, ZOO ELEPHANT - USA: (CALIFORNIA) 2008**************************************************************************A ProMED-mail post<http://www.promedmail.org>ProMED-mail is a program of theInternational Society for Infectious Diseases<http://www.isid.orgDate: Fri 6 Mar 2009Source: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2009; 58(08):194-198 [edited]<http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5808a3.htm?s_cid=mm5808a3_e>Methicillin-resistant _Staphylococcus aureus_ (MRSA) infections are amajor cause of human skin and soft tissue infections in the UnitedStates (1). MRSA colonization and infection also have been observed inturtles, bats, seals, sheep, rabbits, rodents, cats, dogs, pigs,birds, horses, and cattle (2--8), and MRSA infections with anepidemiologic link to animal contact have been reported in veterinarypersonnel, pet owners, and farm animal workers (5,7,8).On 29 Jan 2008, the County of San Diego Health and Human ServicesAgency was notified of skin pustules on an African elephant(_Loxodonta africana_) calf and 3 of its caretakers at a zoo in SanDiego County. After each of these infections (including the calfsinfection) was laboratory confirmed as MRSA, an outbreak investigationand response was initiated by the zoo and the agency. This reportsummarizes the results of that investigation, which identified 2additional confirmed MRSA infections, 15 suspected MRSA infections,and 3 MRSA-colonized persons (all among calf caretakers), andconcluded that infection of the elephant calf likely came from acolonized caretaker.This is the 1st reported case of MRSA in an elephant and of suspectedMRSA transmission from an animal to human caretakers at a zoo.[Voluminous further details, and the 10 refs., may be found at thesource URL. - Mod.JW]Note: Caretakers blew air with their unmasked mouths into the calfstrunk to stimulate bottle feeding (its mother had died).

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ONE PLANET, ONE HEALTH – Veterinarians are front and center in safeguarding people and animals

March 4, 2009

ONE PLANET, ONE HEALTH - Veterinarians are front and center in safeguarding people and animals TUFTS Veterinary Medicine - Vol. 10, No. 1, Summer 2008

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One World, One Health: Issues at the Intersection of Animal & Human Health

March 3, 2009

USDA Office of the Chief Economist Agricultural Outlook Forum, 2009 Arlington, Virginia February 26 – 27, 2009  Scroll Down to Friday, 10:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.  Food Safety Track  One World, One Health: Issues at the Intersection of Animal & Human Health One World, One Health: Issues at the Intersection of Animal & Human HealthModerator: Cindy J. Smith, Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA, Washington, DCPDF One Health: A Concept for the 21st CenturyLaura H. Kahn, MD, Research Scholar, Program on Science and Global Security, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJPDF One Health: Assuming Our Collaborative ResponsibilityRoger Mahr, Former President, American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), Representative to the One Health Joint Steering Committee, Washington, DCPDF The Importance of the Animal, Health-food, Safety, Public Health Continuum and the Use of Public-Private Partnerships to Address Long-term SolutionsMike Robach, Vice President, Corporate Food Safety and Regulatory Affairs, Cargill, Inc., Minneapolis, MNPDF The Animal/Human Interface-from Wildlife Trade to Avian Influenza: A Global Perspective on Implications for the United StatesKristine Smith, Wildlife Veterinarian, Assistant Director for Field Programs, Global Health Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY  http://www.usda.gov/oce/forum/2009_Speeches/index.htm    

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One Health Support Letter – American College of Veterinary Microbiologists, February 26, 2009

March 2, 2009

February 26, 2009 One Health Letter of Support - American College of Veterinary Microbiologists

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Environmental Health and One Health

February 28, 2009

Environmental Health and One Health Environmental Health is Core Public Health at your Service! Dr. Lisa Conti, Director Please see our 10-minute introduction to the Departments Environmental Health Programs http://www.doh.state.fl.us/environment/learning/hse/index.htm Division of Environmental Health Florida Department of Health 4052 Bald Cypress Way, BIN A-08 Tallahassee, FL 32399 (850) 245-4250 Please tell us how we are doing; click the link below for a brief survey:  Fill Out Our Survey Superior doctors prevent the disease.Mediocre doctors treat the disease before evident.Inferior doctors treat the full blown disease.- Huang Dee: Nai-Ching (2600 B.C., 1st Chinese Medical Text) Mission:  Promote, protect and improve the health of all people in Florida. PLEASE NOTE: Florida has very broad public records laws. Most written communications to or from state officials regarding state business are public records available to the public and media upon request. Your e-mail communications may therefore be subject to disclosure. P Please consider the environment before printing this e-mail.  

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Dogs are a reservoir of ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium lineages associated with human infections

February 25, 2009

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Feb 20. [Epub ahead of print]    Dogs are a reservoir of ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium lineages associated with human infections. Damborg P, Top J, Hendrickx AP, Dawson S, Willems RJ, Guardabassi L http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19233953?ordinalpos=2&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

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One Health – a New Professional Imperative

February 22, 2009

One Health - A New Professional Imperative http://www.avma.org/onehealth/responding.asp

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Clostridium perfringens Infection Among Inmates at a County Jail – Wisconsin, August 2008 MMWR

February 21, 2009

Clostridium perfringens Infection Among Inmates at a County Jail - Wisconsin, August 2008 MMWR http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5806.pdf

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Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis E virus in Hungary: endemic, food-borne zoonosis – PubMed, March 1, 2009

February 21, 2009

Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis E virus in Hungary: endemic, food-borne zoonosis. Reuter G, Fodor D, Forgách P, Kátai A, Szucs G. Orv Hetil. 2009 Mar 1;150(9):415-21. Hungarian. PMID: 19228570 [PubMed - in process]

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The threat of emerging ocean diseases

February 19, 2009

The threat of emerging ocean diseases, Feb 18, 2009 - by L.H. Kahn http://www.thebulletin.org/web-edition/columnists/laura-h-kahn/the-threat-of-emerging-ocean-diseases

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Information for Veterinarians and Veterinary Professionals regarding Pets and the Peanut Butter and Peanut-Product Recall

February 18, 2009

Information for Veterinarians and Veterinary Professionals regarding Pets and the Peanut Butter and Peanut-Product Recall Questions and Answers Related to Pets and the Salmonella Typhimurium Outbreak   as of February 14, 2009

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Increase in Coccidioidomycosis – California, 2000 – 2007. MMWR

February 13, 2009

Coccidioidomycosis, MMWR - Feb. 13, 2009/Vol. 58/No. 5, Pages 1-5  Principal animals involved:  Cattle, sheep, horses, dogs, wild cats, desert rodents, and other animals.  Disease primarily occurs in environmental specific arid foci. Source: Table 01: Global Zoonoses - The Merck Veterinary Manual - Ninth Edition (see Publications page).

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Ebola Reston in pigs and humans, Phillipines; Cholera outbreak, Zimbabwe; Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

February 13, 2009

Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER) - Feb 13, 2009, vol. 84, 7 (pp 49-56) Ebola Reston in pigs and humans, Phillipines; Cholera outbreak, Zimbabwe; Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

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