One Health Publications

 Elephant tourism: An analysis and recommendations for public health, safety, and animal welfare

August 13, 2023

International Journal of One Health  –  RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access

Abstract Background: Elephants are exploited for public entertainment tourism throughout Asia and Africa. Areas of concern include public health and safety and animal welfare.

 

Materials and Methods: We examined over 500 scientific publications with respect to our primary objectives, as well as non-peer-reviewed materials relating to other relevant subject matters (e.g., tourism promotional websites and YouTube films) for background purposes, although these additional materials were not included in this review. Results: We identified at least 12 confirmed or potential zoonotic and other transmissible infections relevant to the elephant tourism sector, and at least 13 areas of animal welfare concern.

 

Conclusion: Infection and injury risks between humans and captive elephants cannot be safely controlled where close contact experiences are involved, arguably creating an unredeemable and indefensible public health and safety situation. Elephant welfare within some sectors of the close contact interactive tourism industry continues to involve significant mistreatment and abuse. To alleviate key One Health concerns outlined in this study, we recommend several types of regulation, monitoring, and control regarding interactions at the human-captive elephant interface. These include legal bans on the promotion and performance of close contact experiences, combined with strong enforcement protocols; new policies toward discouraging elephant tourism; 24/7 surveillance of captive elephants; and the adoption of independent scientific positive list systems for tourism promoters or providers regarding public observation of free-ranging elephants within national parks and protected areas.

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Microorganisms | Free Full-Text | Brucellosis and One Health: Inherited and Future Challenges (mdpi.com)

August 11, 2023

Brucellosis One Health actors include Public Health and Veterinary Services, microbiologists, medical and veterinary practitioners and breeders.

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Need for a coordinated One Health Approach for the Asian continent

August 11, 2023

Aug 11, 2023

“… Furthermore, the emphasis on the concept of ‘One Health’ at a global level recognizes the interconnectedness of people, animals, plants, and the environment, advocating a collaborative, multi-sectoral and transdisciplinary approach, urging the creation of resilient systems at the national level. However, there are differences among the nations in their programs and the investments to support disease prevention and control, and that is a matter of concern especially in the low- and middle-income countries, where higher population pressure negatively impacts the healthcare delivery and medical hygiene standards caused by secondary infections. …”

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(417) CDC ZOHU Call August 2, 2023 – YouTube

August 10, 2023

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ZOHU Call August 2, 2023 This video can also be viewed at https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/video/z…

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New AI platform could allow dentists to read radiograms with higher accuracy (news-medical.net)

August 9, 2023

“ … The University of Surrey is a research-intensive university, producing world-leading research and delivering excellent innovation in teaching to transform lives and change the world for the better. The University brings together research and teaching excellence in animal and human health under a One Health, One Medicine approach, to protect and enhance the mutual welfare of humans, other animals and the planet we share. This approach is focused on the quest for better health outcomes for all, exploring the links between human, animal and plant health to find solutions to grand challenges such as ageing, climate change, malnutrition, obesity, zoonotic diseases and cancer.”

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Contribution of the one health approach to strengthening health security in Uganda: a case study | BMC Public Health | Full Text (biomedcentral.com)

August 7, 2023

“Conclusions

This study demonstrates the contribution of ‘One Health’ implementation in strengthening Uganda’s health security. Investment in the funding gaps will reinforce Uganda’s health security to achieve the IHR 2005. Future studies could examine the impacts and cost-effectiveness of One Health in curbing prioritized zoonotic disease outbreaks.”

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University of Florida (UF) – USA, researcher races to diagnose Chagas disease (mainstreetdailynews.com)

August 6, 2023

“ … The complexity of Chagas – and the dearth of research on the disease – provides continual fuel for Beatty’s curiosity.

From a One Health paradigm, Chagas is a great model for tackling neglected tropical diseases,” he said. “In life, you find certain ways that you can truly make a difference. This is a worthwhile cause that will take a lot of effort, but, for me, it’s worth tackling.”

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Nepal’s climate change adaptation strategy needs One Health approach (commentary) (mongabay.com)

August 5, 2023

  • It is expected that climate change will adversely affect Nepalese biodiversity, human well-being, and economy, from a retreat of glaciers, agricultural losses, and impacts on tourism.
  • The spread of infectious diseases can also be fueled by rising temperatures and shifting precipitation patterns.
  • Given the simultaneous exposure of animal and human populations to climate change impacts such as floods and landslides, proactively preparing for and combating ensuing issues like epidemics are best tackled using an integrated One Health approach,” a new op-ed argues.
  • This article is a commentary. The views expressed are those of the authors, not necessarily Mongabay.

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Cleaning Up the Past for a Better Baltic Sea Future – Impakter

August 3, 2023

“… Next steps are needed

This July 2023 CBSS Declaration, coupled with the German Government commitment of 100 million Euros to begin the process, reflects high-level attention and interest in transiting from rhetoric to concrete action.

For too long now, the Baltic Sea and all the people around it have been waiting for the removal of such dangers to human, animal, and environmental health – the very essence of the issues the One Health approach addresses. And, commercial activities, in particular shipping, will finally be made safer. 

 

The CBSS Declaration contains promising statements, but it is in the follow-up and implementation that is the true test.

 

Given that funding has been made available by Germany, there is reason to believe that concrete steps will be taken to remove this very real threat.  Let us hope so.”

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Tackling global health security by building an academic community for One Health action

August 3, 2023

Conclusions

This article proposes to foster an academic community for One Health action, which is expected to incorporate the experience of a diverse variety of experts and stakeholders, who will be organized under the structure of SCC and SSC. Overarching research agenda followed by specific workplans and activities has been elaborated in this article, based on the exchanges and consensus of SSC. Multifaceted approach, that involves systematic thinking, evidence-based activities, transparent mechanisms, education, and communication, should be adapted profoundly in building up the community.

With the tasks of promoting wider and deeper collaboration in research and practice, the community will contribute to producing novel scientific evidence, facilitating dialogues among different stakeholders, and advising for national and international policy, in its efforts to tackle global public health security at the human-animal-environment interface.

 

 

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UTMB One Health Newsletter – Issue 17, August 2023

August 1, 2023

Advancing Health Care in Humans, Animals and the Environment

Provided by:

Brianna Kreditor, MPH

Research Associate II, Internal Med-Infectious Diseases

UTMB One Health Laboratory

Department of Internal Medicine (Infectious Diseases)

The University of Texas Medical Branch

301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-0435

E brkredit@utmb.edu

UTMB One Health

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Encyclopedia | Free Full-Text | Fungi in a One Health Perspective (mdpi.com)

July 23, 2023

Abstract

Fungi constitute a diverse group with highly positive and negative impacts in different environments, having several natural roles and beneficial applications in human life, but also causing several concerns. Fungi can affect human health directly, but also indirectly by being detrimental for animal and plant health, influencing food safety and security. Climate changes are also affecting fungal distribution, prevalence, and their impact on different settings. Searching for sustainable solutions to deal with these issues is challenging due to the complex interactions among fungi and agricultural and forestry plants, animal production, environment, and human and animal health. In this way, the “One Health” approach may be useful to obtain some answers since it recognizes that human health is closely connected to animal and plant health, as well as to the shared environment. This review aims to explore and correlate each of those factors influencing human health in this “One Health” perspective. Thus, the impact of fungi on plants, human, and animal health, and the role of the environment as an influencing factor on these elements are discussed.

 

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American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) Executive Director Announces 2023 Award Recipients

July 21, 2023

AVOHS Goal Statement: The goal of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to celebrate and honor accomplished leaders in the disciplines of public health, animal health, plant health, environmental health, and all related fields falling under the discipline of One Health.”

Formerly, American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (avesociety.org)
www.facebook.com/embracingOneHealthsince1964

 

Please join me in congratulating our new Gold Headed Cane recipients and our new Honorary Diplomates inducted on Monday 17 July 2023 at the AVMA Conference in Denver, CO (USA):

 

Gold Headed Cane awardees:

 

Dr. John Kaneene

Dr. Jonna Mazet

 

Honorary Diplomates:

Dr. John de Jong

Dr. Conrad Estrada

Dr. Katherine Flynn

Dr. Nancy Frank

Dr. Alice Green

Ms. Barbara Martin

Dr. Stephanie Mont

Dr. Ade Ojeniyi

Dr. Steven Osofsky

Dr. Ron Warner

 

The other exciting news is that the AVES membership has voted to change our organization’s name from AVES to the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) to better reflect our vision, mission, and goals.

 

Dr. John Poppe, AVOHS (formerly AVES) Executive Director said, “The reasoning behind the change was to: Better reflect the AVES mission and vision – our focus and our awards reflect many disciplines that go well beyond veterinary epidemiology.  AVES was the earliest “One Health” organization – well before the term became so prevalent and broadly accepted.  We think [our founder] James Steele would support this change.”  Indeed, Dr. Steele played an iconic passionate intellectual role in the evolutionary history of the One Health movement.

 

Incoming (and first) AVOHS Board President-ElectDr. Karen Becker, having been a close friend to and mentored by Dr. Steele said, “The change from the American Epidemiology Society to the American Veterinary One Health Society reflects consensus among Board Members that One Health encompasses far more than Epidemiology as is demonstrated by the breadth and depth of experts being recognized by and contributing to our mission.  Jim Steele would have fully approved of the name change as a progressive and visionary leader who loved change, especially when it was wholly justified.”

 

Mission, Vision, and Goal Statements – Adopted July 9, 2023

AVOHS Vision Statement: The vision of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to achieve optimal health of animals, people, plants, and the environment through science-based One Health principles.

AVOHS Mission Statement: The mission of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to promote and advance the health of animals, people, plants, and the environment using a One Health approach.

AVOHS Goal Statement: The goal of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to celebrate and honor accomplished leaders in the disciplines of public health, animal health, plant health, environmental health, and all related fields falling under the discipline of One Health.

This new brand image, by definition, recognizes the wide spectrum, all inclusive One Health umbrella of disciplines required for more expeditious and efficacious advancement of global public health and clinical health care research issues.

 

John Poppe, DVM, MPH, MA
AVOHS Executive Director
aves.exec@outlook.com
210-749-0714
American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (avesociety.org)
www.facebook.com/embracingOneHealthsince1964

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American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) Announced as New Name With Logo Change by American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (AVES) Board

July 17, 2023

American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS)  

Formerly, American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (avesociety.org)
www.facebook.com/embracingOneHealthsince1964

 

Denver, Colorado (USA) July 17, 2023: The American Veterinary Epidemiology Society (AVES), founded by 20th and early 21st century apex global public health leader Dr. James H. Steele in 1964, has formally unveiled its name [American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS)] and logo change at the annual American Veterinary Medical Association Convention in order to clarify its overall longstanding underlying expanded mission as being the promotion of the national and international One Health concept/approach.

 

 Dr. John Poppe, AVOHS (formerly AVES) Executive Director said, “The reasoning behind the change was to: Better reflect the AVES mission and vision – our focus and our awards reflect many disciplines that go well beyond veterinary epidemiology.  AVES was the earliest “One Health” organization – well before the term became so prevalent and broadly accepted.  We think [our founder] James Steele would support this change.”  Indeed, Dr. Steele played an iconic passionate intellectual role in the evolutionary history of the One Health movement.

 

Incoming (and first) AVOHS Board President-Elect, Dr. Karen Becker, having been a close friend to and mentored by Dr. Steele said, “The change from the American Epidemiology Society to the American Veterinary One Health Society reflects consensus among Board Members that One Health encompasses far more than Epidemiology as is demonstrated by the breadth and depth of experts being recognized by and contributing to our mission.  Jim Steele would have fully approved of the name change as a progressive and visionary leader who loved change, especially when it was wholly justified.”

 

Mission, Vision, and Goal Statements

Adopted July 9, 2023

AVOHS Vision Statement: The vision of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to achieve optimal health of animals, people, plants, and the environment through science-based One Health principles.

AVOHS Mission Statement: The mission of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to promote and advance the health of animals, people, plants, and the environment using a One Health approach.

 AVOHS Goal Statement: The goal of the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS) is to celebrate and honor accomplished leaders in the disciplines of public health, animal health, plant health, environmental health, and all related fields falling under the discipline of One Health.

This new brand image, by definition, recognizes the wide spectrum, all inclusive One Health umbrella of disciplines required for more expeditious and efficacious advancement of global public health and clinical health care research issues:

 

Notably, on April 22, 2007, Dr. D. A. Henderson, legendary leader of the worldwide smallpox eradication program addressed the One Health Initiative Team

 D.A. Henderson, MD, MPH saying …

I thank you for your email and congratulate you and your colleagues in promoting the “One Medicine” concept [now called “One Health”]. It is an initiative that is long overdue but, at the same time, I don’t personally identify dramatic solutions that are apt to change the landscape in the short term. I would note that when one has had the good fortune to have enjoyed the tutelage of Jim Steele during my tenure at *CDC and periodically ever since, as a friend, the one medicine concept becomes well engrained. Indeed, when I came to Hopkins as Dean in 1977, I cast about to determine how we might link up with a veterinary school for research and educational purposes. Unfortunately, geography was simply too great a hurdle to overcome.

 

Bottom line: I would be more than happy to do whatever I could in support of your efforts.

_______________________

* In 1947, Dr. Steele founded the Veterinary Public Health Division at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  One Health was instituted at CDC in 2009 by prominent AVOHS Board member Lonnie King, DVM, MS, MPA.  Dr. King, then director of CDC’s National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, proposed the One Health Office. The office was created as a point of contact for external animal health organizations and to maximize external funding opportunities. Since that time, the role of the One Health Office has expanded to include supporting public health research that furthers the One Health concept, facilitating the exchange of data and information among researchers across disciplines and sectors.

 

For more information, contact …

AVOHS Executive Director, Dr. (BG) John Poppe, 206 Springwood Lane, San Antonio, TX 78216; Phone: 210-749-0714; Email: aves.exec@outlook.com

 

Editor’s Note: The One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono Team strongly supports and collaborates closely with the American Veterinary One Health Society (AVOHS)

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It Is Time To Mainstream Biodiversity To Reach Sustainable Development Goals – Wildlife Trade News from TRAFFIC

July 16, 2023

“Discussions around ensuring safe and sustainable wild species trade took the limelight during the COVID pandemic and the CITES and CBD COPs, so now we must keep up the momentum, and the world must take this prime opportunity to combine multi-convention targets through a One Health Approach.”

 

As we approach the midpoint to deliver the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, TRAFFIC flags that biodiversity is still not sufficiently integrated into the implementation of the SDGs.

 

“ … The Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management (CPW)’s guiding principles outlined at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic supported practical and scientifically informed responses in a time of crisis.

 

Resource mobilisation is urgently needed for transformative change. A powerful step in the right direction comes from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council approving plans for a ‘game-changing’ global biodiversity fund.

 

But more must be done on a national level to support implementations throughout the monitoring of supply chains. At the ground level, the private sector must step up and play a pivotal role in supporting multi-disciplinary collaborations (as exemplified by the One Health Quadripartite) through financial support and guide implementation through strong leadership. …”

 

 

 

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Experts from 23 nations attend symposium held at OSU | The Journal Record

July 14, 2023

 

“A goal to improve lives around the world by integrating aspects of human medicine and veterinary and environmental sciences drew research scientists and other experts from dozens of countries to a symposium held this week at Oklahoma State University.

 

The Institute for Translational and Emerging Research in Advanced Comparative Therapy’s symposium, hosted by OSU’s College of Veterinary Medicine, featured more than 40 speakers from around the globe and drew attendees from no fewer than 23 nations.

 

The symposium’s focus was on a “One Health, One Medicine” approach. A goal of attendees, organizers said, has been to speed implementation of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches used to address chronic diseases in human and veterinary medicine.  …”

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